Posted: August 2nd, 2022

assignment

Module

3

, Workbook

2

  • AWL Vocabulary
  • , Main Reading & Outline

    AWL Vocabulary
    These are the academic vocabulary for the reading. You should learn there (

    1

    ) part of
    speech, (2) definition, (3) be able to write a sentence. You will practice this vocabulary
    on Linguatorium with new vocabulary sets. There will also be extra practice on
    Blackboard.

    analytic
    analytical
    analyzed

    approach formula major

    period similar constructed
    reconstructed

    cultural
    culture
    cultures

    design distinct final previous

    tradition
    traditional
    traditions

    documenting dominant technique
    technological
    technology

    communication dimensional phase
    phases

    predictable

    stress sum challenged expanded

    image
    images

    perspective styles abstract

    symbolism decades mode abandoned

    radical revolutionary unified conceived

    1

    Skimming to Find the Argument

    For each paragraph circle or underline key words and make notes about…

    *What did you learn? What can you predict? What do you need to find out?

    Think about topic, argument, genre, details (who? what? where? when?), etc.!

    1.

    Cubism, developed by Pablo Picasso and Georges Braque, was a truly revolutionary

    style of modern art…

    ___________________________________________________________

    _____

    ___________________________________________________

    ________________

    _____________

    ______________________________

    ________________________

    _______________________________They had many influences and in turn, made

    a huge impact on the world.

    2.

    In the four decades from 1

    8

    7

    0-1

    9

    10, western society witnessed more technological

    progress than in the previous four

    centuries._________________

    _____________________________

    __________________________________

    _________________________________

    ________________________________

    ___________________________________

    ____________________________________________________________This new

    approach was called Cubism.

    3.

    Picasso and Braque developed cubism around 1907 in Paris and their starting point

    was a common interest in the paintings of Paul

    Cézanne.__________________________________

    ___________________________________________________________________
    ___________________________________________________________________
    ________________
    ___________________________________________________________________

    _________________________________It was this flat abstract approach that

    appealed to the cubists.

    4.

    The cubists also found inspiration in the traditional art of other cultures, especially

    African art.

    2

    ___________________________________________________________________
    _____
    ___________________________________________________________________
    ___________________________________________________________________

    ____________________________________________________________…paintin

    gs and prints were influenced by the native culture of Tahiti and the Marquesas

    Islands where he spent his final years.

    5

    .

    The cubists saw that in traditional European art, a subject was drawn from a single

    position, and the result was frozen, like a photo, but the cubists…

    _____________________________
    ___________________________________________________________________
    ___________________________________________________________________
    ___________________________________________________________________

    ________________________Cubism was, therefore, an attempt at a more realistic

    way of painting what we see.

    6

    . Cubism had two distinct phases.

    ________

    ________________________________________

    ___________________________________________________________________
    ___________________________________________________________________
    ___________________________________________________________________

    ___________________________Lines, colours, patterns and textures switched

    from geometric to

    freehand, dark to light.

    7.

    Pablo Picasso and Georges Braque conceived and developed cubism but other

    notable artists of the time also adopted the style,…

    ________________________________________
    ___________________________________________________________________
    ___________________________________________________________________
    ___________________________________________________________________

    ___________________________________________________Its impact on the

    language of art has prevailed to this day.

    3

    Cubism: The First Abstract Style of Modern Art

    Figure

    ii

    – Paul Cezanne
    Painting

    Figure iii – Left side –
    Picasso paining. Right
    side – inspiration for

    Picasso

    Figure iv – Braque example of
    Analytical Cubism

    Figure v – Picasso example of
    Synthetic cubism

    Figure vi – Picasso example of
    Synthetic cubism

    Figure vii – Painting inspired by
    Cubism by Torey Thorton, 2015

    4

    Figure I – Painting
    of Mona Lisa

    Cubism – The First Abstract Style of Modern Art

    John MacTaggart, 2017, Artyfactory

    *770 words

    Cubism, developed by Pablo Picasso and Georges Braque, was a truly revolutionary

    style of modern art which challenged the rules of painting that had been dominant in

    Europe since the Italian Renaissance. The cubists’ aim was to develop a new way of

    portraying the world which reflected the modern age. They had many influences and, in

    turn, made a huge impact on the world.

    In the four decades from 1870-1910, western society witnessed more technological

    progress than in the previous four centuries. During this period, inventions such as

    photography, sound recording, the telephone, the automobile and the airplane signalled

    the dawn of a new age. The problem for artists at this time was how to reflect these

    changes using the tired artistic traditions of the 15th and 16th centuries. Photography had

    begun to replace painting as the tool for documenting life, so artists needed a more

    radical approach – a ‘new way of seeing’ that expanded the possibilities of art in the

    same way that technology was extending the boundaries of communication and travel.

    This new approach was called cubism.

    Picasso and Braque developed cubism around 1907 in Paris and their starting point

    was a common interest in the paintings of Paul Cézannei. Paul Cézanne abandoned

    perspective drawing. Perspective, which had been used since the Early Renaissance,

    was a geometric formula that solved the problem of how to draw three-dimensional

    objects on a two- dimensional surface. Breaking from this tradition, Cézanne liked to

    flatten the objects in his paintings – to stress the difference between painting and reality.

    It was this flat abstract approach that appealed to the cubists.

    The cubists also found inspiration in the traditional art of other cultures, especially

    African art. However, they were not interested in the true spiritual or social symbolism of

    these cultural objects, but valued them superficially for their expressive style. This

    inspiration to reference art from different cultures probably came from Paul Gauguin, the

    French artist, whose paintings and prints were influenced by the native culture of Tahiti

    and the Marquesas Islands where he spent his final years.

    5

    The cubists saw that in traditional European art, a subject was drawn from a single

    position, and the result was frozen, like a photo, but the cubists wanted to make pictures

    that reflected how humans actually experience the world, fusing multiple observations

    and memories into one image. When you look at an object, your eye scans it, and then

    stops on a certain detail before moving on to the next point of interest and so on. You

    can also change your view by looking at the object from above, below or from the side.

    Therefore, the cubists proposed that your sight of an object is the sum of many different

    views and your memory of an object is constructed from multiple angles. Cubism was,

    therefore, an attempt at a more realistic way of painting what we see.

    Cubism had two distinct phases. The early phase, which lasted until about 1912,

    was called Analytical Cubism. Here, the artist analyzed the subject from many

    different viewpoints and reconstructed it with monochromatic colours in a geometric

    grid. However, around 1912, the styles of Picasso and Braque were becoming

    predictable, and their paintings had grown so similar that they were often difficult to tell

    apart. Thus, Picasso began to glue printed images from the ‘real world’ onto the surface

    of his work. This ‘collage’ technique opened the door for himself and other artists to the

    second phase of the cubist style: Synthetic Cubism. Synthetic Cubism moved away

    from the monochrome surfaces of Analytic Cubism to a more direct, colourful and

    decorative style. Lines, colours, patterns and textures switched from geometric to

    freehand, dark to light.
    Pablo Picasso and Georges Braque conceived and developed cubism but other

    notable artists of the time also adopted the style, including Juan Gris, Fernand Leger,

    Robert Delaunay, Albert Gleizes, Jean Metzinger, Louis Marcoussis, Marie Laurencin

    and Roger de La Fresnaye. Though born in France, Cubism quickly emigrated across

    Europe and also influenced several of the major design and architectural styles of the

    20th century. Its impact on the language of artii has prevailed to this day.

    LEONARDO DA VINCI 1452-1519) ‘Mona Lisa’, c.1503-06
    PAUL CÉZANNE (1839-1906) ‘Bibemus Quarry’, 1895
    LEFT: Pablo Picasso, ‘Head of a Woman’, 1907; RIGHT: Dan Mask from West Africa
    GEORGES BRAQUE (1882-1963) ‘Violin and Jug’, 1910
    PABLO PICASSO (1881-1973) ‘Still Life with Chair Caning’, 1912
    PABLO PICASSO (1881-1973) ‘Still Life with mandolin and Guitar’, 1924
    TOREY THORTON (1990-) ‘Out Of Body For Tee Tee On Glass’, 2015

    6

    Instructions: In pairs, complete the Guided Outline of Cubism – The First Abstract Style

    of Modern Art. Remember to use note-taking strategies you’ve so far. This is to help

    prepare you for writing your summary of this reading.

    Outline of Cubism – The First Abstract Style of Modern Art.
    Paraphrase of thesis statement:

    _____________________________________________________________________________________

    Para 2 Main Idea = _________________________________________ ____ cubism

    Supporting Point #1: Inventions_____________________________________________

    Details: ______________________________________________________

    Supporting Point #2: Problem = _____________________________________________

    Details: ______________________________________________________

    Para 3 Main Idea = _____________________________________________ cubism

    Details: Cez X perspective

    (=_____________________________________________)

    Cez flatten painting = show painting vs

    reality_____________

    ______________________________________________________

    Para 4 Main Idea = _____________________________________________ cubism

    Supporting Point #1: _Not spiritual/social_→_________________________________

    7

    Details: ______________________________________________________

    Supporting Point #2: Prob Gaugin: __________________________________________

    Para 5 Main Idea = ______________________________________________≠ cubism

    Supporting Point #1: Trad. Eur. art = single position 

    ________________________

    Details: But cubists = _________________________________________

    Supporting Point #2: Look at object  ____________________________________

    Details: Sight = ______________________________________________

     ___________________________________________________

    Para 6 Main Idea = 2 ____________________________________________of cubism

    Supporting Point #1: Analytic = ___________________________________________

    Supporting Point #2: Styles = predictable 

    _________________________________

    Supporting Point #3: Synthetic ____________________________________________

    Details: ______________________________________________________

    Para 7 (Conclusion) = Big Impact of Cubism

    ___________________________________
    8

    Final Comment ______________________________________________________

    9

    i

    Focus on Language – Sentence Structure

    1. What is an adjective clause? Can you find any examples in the article?

    2. What is the passive voice? Can you find any passive constructions in the article?

    ii

    • Module 3, Workbook 2
    • AWL Vocabulary, Main Reading & Outline
      AWL Vocabulary

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