Posted: September 19th, 2022

Correction of Week 3

 What are the strategies to address illicit drug use among parents, whose children are in the care of child protective services?

Running head: ANNOTATED BIBLIOGRAPHY 1

ANNOTATED BIBLIOGRAPHY 2

Annotated Bibliography

Constance Lingard

Global University of Arizona

Annotated Bibliography

Retrieved from:

Zia, N. (2020). Knowledge-oriented leadership, knowledge management behaviour and innovation performance in project-based SMEs. The moderating role of goal orientations. 
Journal Of Knowledge Management, 
24(8), 1819-1839.

https://doi.org/10.1108/jkm-02-2020-0127

Leadership is an important aspect in the organization because it ensures processes are running as expected. In an organization, there are skills and expertise that leaders are carrying and important on bringing value into the organization. In this article, knowledge oriented leadership and knowledge management is researched targeting on understanding the kind of leadership would impact the performance in the organization. The data was collected from 215 employees from 32 small project based software firms and the data subjected to analysis using the Partial least square method in testing the hypothesis. The findings indicated that the knowledge oriented leadership has a positive association with the knowledge management behavior and innovation performance. There is the need to consider knowledge management being part of leadership where innovation and creativity is improved and results to better performance. A good performance in an organization is attributed to determination of a leader and promoting sharing of knowledge.

Retrieved from:

Megheirkouni, M., & Mejheirkouni, A. (2020). Leadership development trends and challenges in the twenty-first century: rethinking the priorities. 
Journal Of Management Development, 
39(1), 97-124.

https://doi.org/10.1108/jmd-04-2019-0114

Leadership is an important aspect that is needed in different sectors of the economy especially in organization and corporate. The article discusses about the leadership trends and challenges that are present in the 21st century and how leaders rethink about their priorities and strategies if achieving them. The article has raised the challenges that are present in the 21st century and suggests the future leadership development according to the relevant leadership theories. The research used the explanatory literature review method in collecting the data and the integrative technique in literature reviewing of the sources available since 2000. The outcome of the research indicated that the leadership theories are the base of leadership and help overcome the current challenges. The leadership theories and the leadership developmental theories are critical and acts as foundation of successful leadership and they are associated with each other where challenges also may arise. The article indicated that there is the need of having good leadership theories that offer better solutions to current challenges.

Retrieved from: Clifton, J., Larsson, M., & Schnurr, S. (2020). Leadership in interaction. An introduction to the Special Issue. 
Leadership, 
16(5), 511-521.

https://doi.org/10.1177/1742715020954790

Leadership is defined as a phenomenon that considers the process of personal influence where organization goals are achieved. The article defines leadership as capacity that is occupied by an individual to make sure something is performed or accomplished. A leader should be a person that guides the junior staff on the right direction by influencing and inspiring them. However, the paper highlights about studies that has focused on observation of action, interactions or the performance of leadership that is known to naturally occur in the environment. An interview based studies rely on individual perception and interpret it in a personal perspective. There are few studies that researcher used in drawing inspirations and this include the articles that were there for the last 20 years and they have shown that leadership is related to the workplace success. The article is significant in the research about leadership and management and discussing the current trends and challenges that are there in organizations, corporations and firms and ways of overcoming the challenges.

Retrieved from:

Drewniak, R., Drewniak, Z., & Posadzinska, I. (2020). Leadership styles and employee expectations. European Research Studies Journal, 23(Special issue 1), 398-411.

https://www.um.edu.mt/library/oar/handle/123456789/76788

The article is discussing about the leadership styles that are present in the world of leadership and management and the impact it has on employees performances and preparing them to rival against superior competitors. The article purpose is to showcase the role and influence that leadership style has towards the performance of the employees in their assigned tasks. The research study was conducted by involving 185 employees that were sourced from 10 European companies that are in operations in different sectors of the economy. Chi-square statistics were employed in researching the relationship between leadership styles and employees performance. The findings from the research indicated that the subordinate staff is known in building their expectations to the tasks delegated to them and performance based on the leadership style imposed to them. The leadership styles that include the situational leadership is when the employees feel the freedom of delivering value based on their way of achieving them.

Retrieved from:

Reeves, M., Pasricha, M., Ludwig, C., Chandramohan, A., Azad, A., & Li, A. et al. (2021). Trends in Leadership and Award Recognition Among Women in the American Society of Retina Specialists. 
Journal Of Vitreoretinal Diseases, 247412642110210.

https://doi.org/10.1177/24741264211021019

Women leadership is being embraced in today’s world and there are increasing number of them that are leading big companies and institutions because of their competence and abilities. The article discusses the women leaders and their achievement in the retina field and this was conducted by checking the gender representation in the American Society of Retina Specialists (ASRS). Historical data was collected under the longitudinal study that included the reports from 1983 to 2020. Research about ASRS has shown that there is an increasing number of women represented from 11% in 2007 to 19.7% in 2020. The higher positions of the board had shown also an increase in women representation. The research is an eye-opening that leadership should be embraced and people should not be chosen based on gender but their qualities and experience to deliver quality. There are still cases of women underrepresentation based on the percentage of women represented in the ASRS and there is the need to embrace women leadership until a poit when it reaches 50% representation.

Retrieved from:

Christensen, R., Eichhorn, K., Prestridge, S., Petko, D., Sligte, H., & Baker, R. et al. (2018). Supporting Learning Leaders for the Effective Integration of Technology into Schools. 
Technology, Knowledge And Learning, 
23(3), 457-472.

https://doi.org/10.1007/s10758-018-9385-9

Leadership should be embraced and developed from young age in order to have best leaders. Currently, technology has been embrace in the workplace and there are leaders that lack the technological understanding and are likely to ignore the role that leadership would play. The article discusses about the incorporation of technology into schools as an approach of supporting young and learning leaders that would benefit in future in using the skills in leadership positions. Teaches in schools are not change or technology leaders but their input in making sure that students gets to learn about technology is an approach and effort that would have a significant impact in the students future. Effective ICT in schools creates the ability of a shared vision and promote improvement in the educational systems. The technological development would meet the demand for technological-skilled leaders that is the trend of today’s leadership and management. The current organizations have embraced technology and need leader that understand the benefit.

Retrieved from:

Alblooshi, M., Shamsuzzaman, M., & Haridy, S. (2020). The relationship between leadership styles and organisational innovation. 
European Journal Of Innovation Management, 
24(2), 338-370.

https://doi.org/10.1108/ejim-11-2019-0339

Leadership is important and determines the success of an organization and this includes influencing aspects of creativity and innovation. The article purposely targets exploring the role of leadership in organizational innovation. The study was conducted by reviewing various literature sources and publications that discusses the relationship that is there between styles of leadership and innovation. The research used 65 research publications to review the literature and analyze them in a descriptive manner and then review it based on the leadership style and derive the significant meanings. The findings of the research indicated that various leadership styles had a positive impact on organization innovation that is either directly or indirectly by creating an environment where the employees gets an opportunity of sharing knowledge and learn in order for them to be innovative. There are leadership styles that are there and create both either direct or indirect impact to the organization innovation. Leadership styles that promote and support research by offering resources and give an opportunity to employees would achieve innovation.

Retrieved from:

Ufua, D., Salau, O., Ikpefan, O., Dirisu, J., & Okoh, E. (2020). Addressing operational complexities through re-inventing leadership style: A systemic leadership intervention. 
Heliyon, 
6(7), e04270.

https://doi.org/10.1016/j.heliyon.2020.e04270

The article investigates the leadership techniques and practices that are embraced in Nigeria. The research targets on exploring the application of leadership styles in an organization and also addresses the operational complexities that are experienced in the organization. The research was conducted by collecting the data through semi-structured interviews and the participant observation was applied. The case study that was of focus was a Nigerian commercial livestock firm. The case study showcased different leadership styles that were used in the field and each had its challenges and complexities that are there and the best way to getting an effective style in choosing the one with minimal complexities and challenges. The research also showed that systemic leadership intervention needs to be applied in the public sector to operate well in delivering value. The argument behind choosing the systemic leadership is the fact that it avoids marginalization of its application. Systemic leadership would eliminate the complexities and achieve success in leading the firm.

Retrieved from:

Vargas-Hernández, J. G., Rodríguez, C. R. F. (2018). Leadership Styles as a Challenge to Generate Innovation Environments in the Companies of the 21st Century. Business Ethics and Leadership, 2(4), 64-73.

http://doi.org/10.21272/bel.2(4).64-73.2018

.

The current leadership challenge that is experienced is that companies are failing to survive due to dynamic innovations that are experienced. The article has raised the aspect that the leadership styles that are adopted in organization determine if innovations would be experienced or not. The leadership styles are the one that creates an environment for the employees for them to be innovative and creative and failure of building a conducive environment leads to a failure of the organization. Innovation requires an environment where employees are supporting through provision of the resources needed and the failure result to no practicality or research resulting to no innovation. A leader is needed to inspire and give space to employees to try and if they fails, no victimization should be showed to them because it will discourage innovation. The article shows that leadership styles like the transformational leadership is an example that would create a good environment for innovation that is key for success.

Retrieved from:

Su, S., & Baird, K. (2017). The role of leaders in generating management innovation. 
The International Journal Of Human Resource Management, 
29(19), 2758-2779.

https://doi.org/10.1080/09585192.2017.1282533

The research study targets on expressing the level of management innovation in the Australian service firms. The article employs the integrative framework of management innovation and analyzes the impact that the leaders have to the success of a given innovation. The study focuses on reviewing the literature that evaluates the role of leaders in relation to the style of leadership that comprises of the consideration and initiating style of leadership where controls were used. The data for the research was collected through using the mail questionnaires that is distributed to 445 middle level managers. The findings has indicated that leadership styles influences management innovations and this was clearly indicated the moment where a new technique was used showing the best outcome in terms of creating an environment for knowledge sharing and learning that are pillars of innovation. Leaders play an important role in generating innovations and this is achieved mainly by leaders giving the employees authority to research and come up with new ideas that are tried and tested and this is where resources and moral support is needed.

References

Alblooshi, M., Shamsuzzaman, M., & Haridy, S. (2020). The relationship between leadership styles and organisational innovation. 
European Journal Of Innovation Management, 
24(2), 338-370.
https://doi.org/10.1108/ejim-11-2019-0339

Christensen, R., Eichhorn, K., Prestridge, S., Petko, D., Sligte, H., & Baker, R. et al. (2018). Supporting Learning Leaders for the Effective Integration of Technology into Schools. 
Technology, Knowledge And Learning, 
23(3), 457-472.
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10758-018-9385-9

Clifton, J., Larsson, M., & Schnurr, S. (2020). Leadership in interaction. An introduction to the Special Issue. 
Leadership, 
16(5), 511-521.
https://doi.org/10.1177/1742715020954790

Drewniak, R., Drewniak, Z., & Posadzinska, I. (2020). Leadership styles and employee expectations. European Research Studies Journal, 23(Special issue 1), 398-411.
https://www.um.edu.mt/library/oar/handle/123456789/76788

Megheirkouni, M., & Mejheirkouni, A. (2020). Leadership development trends and challenges in the twenty-first century: rethinking the priorities. 
Journal Of Management Development, 
39(1), 97-124.
https://doi.org/10.1108/jmd-04-2019-0114

Reeves, M., Pasricha, M., Ludwig, C., Chandramohan, A., Azad, A., & Li, A. et al. (2021). Trends in Leadership and Award Recognition Among Women in the American Society of Retina Specialists. 
Journal Of Vitreoretinal Diseases, 247412642110210.
https://doi.org/10.1177/24741264211021019

Su, S., & Baird, K. (2017). The role of leaders in generating management innovation. 
The International Journal Of Human Resource Management, 
29(19), 2758-2779.
https://doi.org/10.1080/09585192.2017.1282533

Ufua, D., Salau, O., Ikpefan, O., Dirisu, J., & Okoh, E. (2020). Addressing operational complexities through re-inventing leadership style: A systemic leadership intervention. 
Heliyon, 
6(7), e04270.
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.heliyon.2020.e04270

Vargas-Hernández, J. G., Rodríguez, C. R. F. (2018). Leadership Styles as a Challenge to Generate Innovation Environments in the Companies of the 21st Century. Business Ethics and Leadership, 2(4), 64-73.
http://doi.org/10.21272/bel.2(4).64-73.2018.

Zia, N. (2020). Knowledge-oriented leadership, knowledge management behaviour and innovation performance in project-based SMEs. The moderating role of goal orientations. 
Journal Of Knowledge Management, 
24(8), 1819-1839.
https://doi.org/10.1108/jkm-02-2020-0127

Running head: ILLICIT DRUGS 1

ILLICIT DRUGS 5

Illicit Drugs Abuse

Constance Lingard

Global University of Arizona

Illicit Drugs Abuse

Introduction

Abuse of harmful substances by parents has far-reaching and devastating effects on the children of those parents. These young people are exposed to various risks, including an uncertain housing situation. Substance abuse among parents is a significant threat to the health and safety of a child who does not share a home with either of their biological parents. Although studies show that these young people have a higher risk of experiencing housing insecurity, very little is known about their actual lived experiences in housing. The parent’s involvement in illicit drug use affects their daily operations, including their engagement in their day-to-day jobs that would make it possible for them to meet the needs of their children (Lloyd, 2018). There is a high possibility that engagement in illicit drugs by the parents can result in them committing a crime and even failing in their duties, leading to their children becoming homeless and also seeking child protective services.

Problem Statement

The engagement of the parents in illicit drugs has a detrimental impact on their children because they are likely to be addicted in the process, making it challenging for them to address the needs of their children. The gap that the parents that engage in illicit drugs pushes the children to suffer and struggle, resulting in some failing to get their daily meals and housing challenges. Scenarios of extreme neglect of parents to their children result in some being homeless. This is where the child protective services have to take the responsibility of housing and providing food and healthcare for them (Rogers & Parkinson, 2017). Children staying with their parents who are addicts of illicit drugs put their lives in danger, especially their behavior being influenced to taking drugs at an early age or emotionally affected based on the fights and disagreements that come with drug-addicted parents. Choosing child protective services is vital in protecting the children’s interests and securing them from a bad environment in them to grow.

Progression

The research proposal has highlighted the research question more detailed, which is progress that guides getting a detailed outcome. The annotated literature about the research question has been obtained that showcases the impact of illicit drugs taken by the parents. The literature highlights the challenge and how the children result in being hosted in protective services and the failure of the parents to play their roles.

Scholarly sources

According to Hardy et al. (2018), it found that women with histories of substance misuse and food addiction experienced similar symptoms and challenges with emotional regulation. The results suggest that the same brain area underlies both pharmacological and food dependence. Having done the necessary study, I can now understand how the parents that engage in illegal brew have their children neglected, pushing them to homelessness and calling for protective services to attend to them.

Dependence on substances, often known as substance misuse, can devastate a person’s physical and mental health. Substance abuse inevitably results in dependence on the abused substance to the point where the user cannot function normally without it. Alcohol and illicit substances are examples of often used substances (Lewis et al., 2021). Those involved in the sale of such narcotics know how tough it is to break free of their customers’ dependence on these medicines. Constant cravings for more of the substances after experiencing their effects make it challenging for users to limit their consumption.

Substance abuse often results in devastating consequences, most notably to the addict’s health. The impacts on society and the natural world are also significant. Most drug users would rather be tolerant of their substances’ effects than immune to them (Gordon, 2018). Substance addiction has a far-reaching impact on the individual’s immediate environment, community, and workplace.

References

Gordon, D. (2018). The Family Framework in a Drug Treatment Court. 
Socius: Sociological Research for a Dynamic World, 
4, 237802311876146. https://doi.org/10.1177/2378023118761462

Hardy, R., Fani, N., Jovanovic, T., & Michopoulos, V. (2018). Food addiction and substance addiction in women: Common clinical characteristics. Appetite, 120, 367-373.

https://doi.org/10.1016/j.appet.2017.09.026

Lewis, Q., Smith, B., Offiong, A., Prioleau, M., & Powell, T. (2021). When a house is never a home: Housing instability among youth affected by parental drug abuse. 
Child Abuse &Amp; Neglect, 
118, 105131.

https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chiabu.2021.105131

Lloyd, M. (2018). Poverty and Family Reunification for Mothers with Substance Use Disorders in Child Welfare. 
Child Abuse Review, 
27(4), 301-316.

https://doi.org/10.1002/car.2519

Rogers, M., & Parkinson, K. (2017). Exploring approaches to child welfare in contexts of domestic violence and abuse: Family group conferences. 
Child &Amp; Family Social Work, 
23(1), 105-112.

https://doi.org/10.1111/cfs.12389

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