Posted: September 16th, 2022
Discussion Assignment Student Replies
DUE DATE: BY 10am on Friday September 9, 2022 NO LATE WORK!!!!
Discussions are collaborative learning experiences. Therefore, you are required to provide a thread in response to the provided prompt for each Discussion. Responding to a classmate’s post requires both the addition of new ideas and analysis. A particular point made by the classmate must be addressed and built upon by your analysis in order to move the conversation forward. Thus, the response post is a rigorous assignment that requires you to build upon initial posts to develop deeper and more thorough discussion of the ideas introduced in the initial posts. As such, reply posts that merely affirm, restate, or unprofessionally quarrel with the previous post(s) and fail to make a valuable, substantive contribution to the discussion will receive appropriate point deductions.
In addition to the original thread, the student must reply to at least 2 other classmates’ threads. Each reply must be 250 words and include citations from at least 1 scholarly source. Each thread and reply must follow the current APA (current edition) format. Please include Bible perspectives and references.
A smart and objective research plan includes elements of scientific research for both qualitative and quantitative studies. These elements include a purpose statement, hypothesis, research questions, justification, and others, which researchers use to construct a solid foundation for their study. Rozny (2019) explains that serious scholarly works require a purpose statement and research question, even if they are not indicated with subheadings, since some studies argue that doing so confuses editors, readers, and peer-reviewers. This discussion focuses on defining the role of a purpose statement and research questions, including how these two are interrelated. The discussion also explores various concepts applied in qualitative research, including dependability, reliability, validity, credibility, transferability, and generalizability.
Purpose Statement and Research Questions
The University of Wisconsin – Madison (n.d.), the Writing Center identifies the role of a purpose statement as announcing the main elements of the study’s goal, including objective, scope, and direction. A researcher provides a purpose statement to tell readers what they should expect in the report and the specific focus of the discussion. In contrast, research questions articulate the expectations of the researcher concerning the intentions and viewpoints of the subjects participating in the study of phenomena. As seen above in the roles that each play, these two elements are related and influence each other. For instance, an inquirer narrows down each research question to construct the scope of the purpose statement. Similarly, the purpose statement is the basis upon which the research questions are developed. In other words, the purpose statement is the extensive version of the research questions, while the latter is the simplified version of the former.
Dependability: In qualitative research, this term usually alludes to the consistency of the results/research process in that another researcher must come to the same outcomes if they implemented the research process.
Reliability: When conduting a qualitative study, reliability means whether the responses to various coders of narrative data are stable.
Validity: It refers to whether the instruments, tools, data, and/or research process are appropriate to the study/question/issue.
Credibility: When conducting qualitative research, the researcher’s goal should be to provide accurate and correct findings that are verifiable and believable. In other words, credibility is the element of truth or instrument for measuring the truth value of the researcher, exercise, and findings.
Transferability: One of the major reasons for conducting the study is to obtain answers to the selected problem, but the results should also apply to similar situations or other settings. In other words, it means the extent to which the findings can apply to other phenomena or environments with different participants.
Generalizability: This concept is related to transferability, but it alludes to the extent to which results of an inquiry can be extrapolated to explore the whole population from which the researcher extracted the sample.
In brief, qualitative research follows the standard plan of scientific research and comprises the purpose statement and research questions. The purpose statement is described as an announcement that a researcher incorporates in the introductory section of the paper to direct readers to the goal, scope, and direction of the report. These two elements are interrelated and play a key role in defining what the researcher intends to achieve from the inquiry.
Discussion: Developing Qualitative Research Questions
Helms School of Government, Liberty University
Kristopher Stephen Ahler
A purpose statement typically follows a background of the problem synopsis and outlines the reasons for conducting research (O’Leary, 2005). For my project, I am examining the rigors of law enforcement duties and the physiological and psychological implications of the same on officers. My hopes are to compare the standards of officer wellness across the country, as compared to officers in small and rural departments in the southeastern United States. The research questions focus upon attributes of the issue. The interplay between the purpose statement and research questions is the purpose, or overall mission, is broken down into researchable sections which feed back into the purpose. The components of dependability, validity, and the transferability/generalizability offer legitimization of the research conducted.
Key essential components of qualitative research include dependability, validity, and transferability. The purest working definition of dependability essentially follows the scientific method, which asserts given the same research, with the same contextuality, and similar participates, would essentially get the same results (Janis, 2022). The conceptual definition of dependability is synonymous with the terms reliability, validity, and credibility when referring to qualitative research (Janis, 2022; Rose & Johnson, 2020). Transferability in the world of qualitative research is the worth of the findings as applied in other situations or contexts (de Leeuw et al., 2022; Maxwell, 2021). The overarching concept of “trustworthiness” of research is obtained when the study has credibility, transferability, dependability, and confirmability (Glense, 2015, p. 152). O’Leary (2005) identifies “good research” as containing objectivity, neutrality, transparency, dependability, validity, transferability, reproducibility, usefulness, with considerations for the legal, ethical, and moral treatment of research participants (p. 75). Understanding the concepts of “good research” as explained by O’Leary (2005), I am developing research questions aimed at how to investigate solutions to officer retention, suicide and suicidality, long and short-term disability, and other associated costs paid by agencies and subsequently the taxpayer. A second research question will evaluate the costs of programs and initiatives aimed at reducing stress and minimize negative outcomes for officers. A third question will focus on the impact of leadership, attitudes, and direction of both taking part in wellness programs and on reducing stress on officers through solid leadership.
A comprehensive literature review will be conducted to learn what programs are offered to treat the underlying conditions associated with stress on law enforcement. The review will include a review of qualitative and quantitative studies conducted to measure the scope of the stress related issues facing officers, the physiological and psychological impacts on officers, and the scope of funds required to manage the issues. From an employment perspective, missed days of work, inability to perform job duties, and the costs of treatment for the officers. Nevers (2019) researched the economic impact of losing an officer to include human resource costs of conducting interviews, background checks, pre-employment testing, psychological evaluations, preparation time for the athletic challenges associated with recruit training, often salaries for officers sponsored through the basic police academy, and the subsequent costs of conducting training in the field. The Holy Bible in
Matthew 5:5-9 discusses how the peacemakers, should be bless as they are “children of God” (
King James Bible,1769/2021). The caring for God’s children, in this instance his law enforcement, should be a top fiscal priority for police leadership and elected officials.
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