Posted: June 13th, 2022

habits of mind

The Habits of Mind are often equated with dispositions. In addition to knowledge and skills, teacher education programs strive to assist future educators to develop appropriate dispositions for exercising their craft. According to Ros-Vosales & Moss (2007), dispositions are similar to professional beliefs or values systems, but they are more than that. Dispositions extend to professional modes of conduct and the ways in which beliefs and attitudes are displayed by teachers’ actions in and out of the classroom. Teachers with positive professional dispositions tend to act in ways that elevate the profession of teaching in the eyes of others (2007). Do you agree with the Ros-Voasles & Moss? Why or why not? How can teachers stimulate the development of the Habits of Mind in their students?
Stick to it!Persevering in task through to
completion; remaining focused. Looking
for ways to reach your goal when stuck.
Not giving up.
2.Managing impulsivity
Take your Time! Thinking before
acting; remaining calm, thoughtful and
3.Listening with
understanding and empathy
Understand Others! Devoting mental
energy to another person’s thoughts
and ideas. Make an effort to perceive
another’s point of view and emotions.
4.Thinking flexibly
Look at it Another Way! Being able
to change perspectives, generate
alternatives, consider options.
5.Thinking about your thinking
Know your knowing! Being aware of your
own thoughts, strategies, feelings and
actions and their effects on others.
6.Striving for accuracy
Check it again! Always doing your best.
Setting high standards. Checking and
finding ways to improve constantly.
7.Questioning and problem posing
How do you know? Having a questioning
attitude; knowing what data are needed
and developing questioning strategies to
produce those data. Finding problems to
8.Applying past knowledge to new
Use what you Learn! Accessing prior
knowledge; transferring knowledge
beyond the situation in which it was
9.Thinking and communicating with clarity
and precision
Be clear!Striving for accurate
communication in both written and oral
form; avoiding over generalizations,
distortions, deletions and exaggerations.
10.Gather data through all senses:
Use your natural pathways!Pay attention
to the world around you Gather data
through all the senses; taste, touch,
smell, hearing and sight.
11.Creating, imagining, and innovating
Try a different way! Generating new and
novel ideas, fluency, originality
12.Responding with wonderment and awe
Have fun figuring it out! Finding the world
awesome, mysterious and being intrigued
with phenomena and beauty.
13.Taking responsible risks
Venture out!Being adventuresome; living
on the edge of one’s competence. Try new
things constantly.
14.Finding humor
Laugh a little! Finding the whimsical,
incongruous and unexpected.Being able
to laugh at oneself.
15.Thinking interdependently
Work together! Being able to work in and
learn from others in reciprocal situations.
Team work.
16. Remaining open to continuous learning
I have so much more to learn! Having
humility and pride when admitting we
don’t know; resisting complacency.
H a b i t so fM i n d
Images © 2000 Association for Supervision and Curriculum Development,1703 N. Beauregard Street, Alexandria, VA 22311 USA
This and other resources available at


What Are Habits of Mind? – The Institute for Habits of Mind (
How American parents have been doing it all wrong – Los Angeles Times (

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