Posted: September 19th, 2022

LOGIC

Quiz

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Question 1

 

(1 point)

 

Identify the Four Premises that make up this argument: (Answers must be verbatim, including punctuation) 

You think that if the victims of the mass shooting had been armed that would’ve made things better? Are you nuts? The shooting took place in a bar; not even the NRA thinks it’s a good idea to allow people to carry guns in a drinking establishment. And don’t be fooled by the fantasy that “good guys with guns” would prevent mass murder. More likely, the situation would’ve been even bloodier, with panicked people shooting randomly all over the place.

Question 1 options:

Question 2 (1 point)

 

Saved

Is the following argument best classified as deductive or inductive?

It usually takes 2–3 days for a delivery to ship from the warehouse to your door via most major shipping services. You ordered on Tuesday morning, so it’s safe to assume your package will arrive Thursday or Friday.

Question 2 options:

Deductive

Inductive

Question 3 (1 point)

 

Saved

Choose the conclusion in the following argument

The point of a watch is to tell you what time it is. Period. Rolexes are a complete waste of money. They don’t do any better at telling the time, and they cost a ton!

Question 3 options:

They don’t do any better at telling the time, and they cost a ton!

Rolexes are a complete waste of money.

The point of a watch is to tell you what time it is.

Question 4 (1 point)

 

Saved

Is the following argument best classified as deductive or inductive? 

 

I heard lots of barking last night. The neighbor’s dog must’ve been pretty upset about something, since he rarely barks. 

Question 4 options:

Deductive

Inductive

Question 5 (1 point)

 

Write down the tacit conclusion that follows most immediately from the following premises: 

 
The death penalty is immoral. Numerous studies have shown that there is racial bias in its application. The rise of DNA testing has exonerated scores of inmates on death row; who knows how many innocent people have been killed in the past? The death penalty is also impractical. Revenge is counterproductive: “An eye for an eye leaves the whole world blind,” as Gandhi said. Moreover, the costs of litigating death penalty cases, with their endless appeals, are enormous. The correct decision for policymakers is clear.  

Question 5 options:

Question 6 (1 point)

 

Is the following argument best classified as deductive or inductive?

Jack is taller than Jill. Jill is taller than Joey. Therefore, Jack is taller than Joey. 

Question 6 options:

Deductive

Inductive

Question 7 (1 point)

 

Decide whether the following is an argument or explanation, given its context. Write “Argument” or “Explanation” in the first box. If the passage is an argument, write down its conclusion in the second box; if it is an explanation, write down the fact that is being explained in the second box. 

This is how natural selection works: those species with traits that promote reproduction tend to have an advantage over competitors and survive; those without such traits tend to die off. The way that humans reproduce is by having sex. Since the human species has survived, it must have traits that encourage reproduction—that encourage having sex. This is why sex feels good. Sex feels good because if it didn’t, the species would not have survived. [Context: excerpt from Evolutionary Biology for Dummies]  

Question 7 options:

Question 8 (1 point)

 

Identify the four premises that make up this argument: 

Do you like delicious food? How about fun games? And I know you like cool prizes. Well then, Chuck E. Cheese’s is the place for you.  

Question 8 options:

Question 9 (1 point)

 

Decide whether the following is an argument or explanation, given its context. Write “Argument” or “Explanation” in the first box. If the passage is an argument, write down its conclusion in the second box; if it is an explanation, write down the fact that is being explained in the second box. 

Because different wavelengths of light travel at different velocities when they pass through water droplets, they are refracted at different angles. Because these different wavelengths correspond to different colors, we see the colors separated. Therefore, if the conditions are right, rainbows appear when the sun shines through the rain. [Context: grade school science textbook]  

Question 9 options:

Question 10 (1 point)

 

Is the following argument best classified as deductive or inductive? 

 

Based on a survey of 2200 randomly selected likely voters, 56.2% indicate that they will vote for the incumbent in the upcoming election. Therefore, approximately 56% of the votes in the upcoming election will be for the incumbent. 

Question 10 options:

Inductive

Deductive

Question 11 (1 point)

 

Is the following argument best classified as deductive or inductive?

 

The telegraph was a technological breakthrough that allowed rapid communication across vast distances. In doing so, it made communities more homogeneous and diminished diversity. Ultimately, the benefits probably outweigh such hard-to-measure costs. 

Question 11 options:

Deductive

Inductive

Question 12 (1 point)

 

Determine whether the following statement is true or false: 

Not all valid arguments are sound 

Question 12 options:

True

False

Question 13 (1 point)

 

Choose the conclusion to the following argument:

Every citizen has a right—ay, a duty—to defend himself and his family. This is all the more important in these increasingly dangerous times. The framers of the Constitution, in their wisdom, enshrined the right to bear arms in that very document. We should all oppose efforts to restrict access to guns. 

Question 13 options:

Every citizen has a right—ay, a duty—to defend himself and his family.

The framers of the Constitution, in their wisdom, enshrined the right to bear arms in that very document.

We should all oppose efforts to restrict access to guns. 

This is all the more important in these increasingly dangerous times.

Question 14 (1 point)

 

Is the following argument best classified as deductive or inductive? 

 

The overwhelming majority of mutations are not beneficial to an organism’s survival. So the odds are that no mutation is going to give an organism super powers. 

Question 14 options:

Deductive

Inductive

Question 15 (1 point)

 

Choose the conclusion in the following argument.

Totino’s pizza rolls are the perfect food. They have all the great flavor of pizza, with the added benefit of portability!

Question 15 options:

They have all the great flavor of pizza, with the added benefit of portability!

Totino’s pizza rolls are the perfect food.

Question 16 (1 point)

 

Choose the analogy for the following argument:

Some mammals are sea creatures

An elephant is a mammal

—————————-

/ An elephant is a sea creature

Question 16 options:

Some A are B 
x is A 
——— 
/ x is B 

Some x are B 
x is A 
——— 
/ x is B 

All A are B 
x is A 
——— 
/ x is B 

All x are B 
x is A 
——— 
/ x is B 

Question 17 (1 point)

 

Is the following argument best classified as deductive or inductive? 

 

The majority rules in the House of Representatives. Either the Democrats or the Republicans will control the House of Representatives. As there are an odd number of representatives in the House, it follows that there is no way there will be a tie in the House of Representatives. 

Question 17 options:

Inductive

Deductive

Question 18 (1 point)

 

Is the following argument best classified as deductive or inductive?

 

All mollusks are invertebrates. Snails are mollusks, so snails must be invertebrates.

Question 18 options:

Inductive

Deductive

Question 19 (1 point)

 

Decide whether the following is an argument or explanation, given its context. Write “Argument” or “Explanation” in the first box. If the passage is an argument, write down its conclusion in the second box; if it is an explanation, write down the fact that is being explained in the second box. 

Michael Jordan is the best of all time. I don’t care if Kareem scored more points; I don’t care if Russell won more championships. The simple fact is that no other player in history displayed the stunning combination of athleticism, competitive drive, work ethic, and sheer jaw-dropping artistry of Michael Jordan. [Context: Sports talk radio host going on a “rant”]  

Question 19 options:

Question 20 (1 point)

 

Identify the two premises that make up this argument: (Answers must be verbatim, including punctuation) 

The heat will escape the house through the open door, which means the heater will keep running, which will make our power bill go through the roof. Then we’ll be broke. So stop leaving the door open when you come into the house.  

Question 20 options:

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