Posted: August 1st, 2022
Refer to attached please
This paper is about a political campaign for a Michigan State or Local political
office. School board elections, city council elections, mayoral elections, state
legislative elections, and state-wide elections for Michigan government positions
are all good choices. U.S. House or U.S. Senate are not acceptable choices
without special permission. Focus your attention on the political office, the way
people are elected to that office, and the campaign that you observed rather than
writing a lot about the particular individual. You will of course write a little about the
person, but that is not the focus of your paper. In other words, I do not care how
many children they have, their pets, or how much you admire your candidate.
The purpose of the election paper is to acquaint students with the electoral process
and the political structures in Michigan. The paper should be approximately 15
double-spaced pages, excluding attachments and a reference list–about 20 pages
with the attachments. I don’t count pages. This is just a guideline. Students
enrolled for their intensive writing requirement will write an additional 5
Three parts of the final paper will be turned in and pre-graded in pieces. At the
end of the semester, the full paper will be turned in as follows: Submit the earlier
graded pieces with the suggested revisions that I made when I pre-graded it, plus
all the sections that were not pre-graded. I will use track changes in Microsoft
Word to provide comments, edits, and corrections on the first three sections when I
pre-grade them. Correct any major omissions or errors. Highlight your corrections
and additions so that they stand out. SUBMIT ALL SEVEN PARTS OF THE
PAPER PLUS APPENDICES AND REFERENCES.
YOU MUST USE MICROSOFT WORD TO WRITE THE PAPER. You can get
Microsoft Office for free through the University C&IT. Instructions to download your
copy are found here: https://tech.wayne.edu/software-hardware/microsoft-office.
I strongly recommend that you volunteer for the campaign that you plan to write
about. This does not have to involve a lot of time – just an afternoon making
phone calls or dropping off yard signs or knocking on doors with the candidate
will help you write the paper. Sometimes candidates in a small, local election
will let you interview them.
You should also learn about the campaign through media coverage, such as
newspapers, television and radio, as well as Facebook and other social media.
(WSU Library provides you with access to archives of Detroit News and Free
You will need to look at campaign materials, like brochures and flyers. You’ll
need to become familiar with the county clerk or Secretary of State websites to
find election results, campaign contributions records, and other official
The following is an outline for the Michigan Politics Paper. Use the headings
provided for each section of the paper. Use subheadings found in the rubrics
for each of the three pre-graded sections.
Part IA: The Candidates (2-3 pages)
Name your candidate and the office he or she is running for. Who are/were the
other major candidates? Very, very briefly describe the major candidates. (If there
were many candidates, discuss only two or three major candidates) What were the
one or two (three at most) major issues? How did your candidate get nominated or
included on the ballot? For example, some offices require that candidates get
citizens’ signatures to run, others allow people to pay a fee, for others the
candidates are nominated at a party convention, sometimes there’s a primary
election, sometimes there isn’t. Look in the Michigan Manual, your city charter,
newspaper articles, ask at your local library for local candidates, also check the
county or city clerk’s office for specific information—and cite those sources in your
Part 1B: The Office (2-3 pages) Describe the office the candidate is seeking. Be
sure to include the following:
1) its powers, (What can the person in this office do?)
2) its benefits, (for example salary, health insurance, legal protection)
3) its limits, (What is the person in this office prohibited from doing—conflicts of
interest, etc.), and
5) some history of the office (has it been held by the same candidate/party forever
– did the position always exist)? For example: when was the city founded, and has
the mayor always been elected in partisan elections?
6) Also, describe how candidates are elected to this office (partisan or nonpartisan
elections, the top vote getters out of a long list, two major candidates facing off
against each other . . .?
Part II. The District (2 pages) — You should describe the geography, demography
and past political behavior of the district (or city or county) from which the
candidate is to be elected. SEMCOG and the U.S. Census Bureau are good
sources for demographic information (ethnicity, education, income, home
ownership). Look at a map of the district—if that’s appropriate. What is the past
political behavior of the district? (turnout in local, state, national elections –
partisan preferences in local, state and national elections – turnover in the office
for the position you’re writing about – is turnout highly differential in different parts
of the city/county/district)
Part III. The Campaign (2-3 pages)–What were the major events in the
campaign? What media and other methods did candidates use to get their
message across? (signs, handouts, brochures, bumper stickers). What groups
supported your candidate? (list endorsements and major campaign contributions)
How did these groups support your candidate (money, grassroots volunteers,
newspaper endorsements, letters to the editor of the local paper, inviting the
candidate to group meetings, issue ads, Get Out the Vote (GOTV), efforts, other).
What groups supported his or her main opponent(s) (discuss one or two opponents
Part IV. Dollars Raised and Spent: (3 pages) What amount of money was raised
and spent–totals? (Provide an appendix and discuss briefly in the text.) What
were some of the major items your candidate spent money on? (Campaign
contributions must be reported, so check the Secretary of State website state-level
elections or the county clerk’s website for local elections or the candidate and his
or her staff as a last resort. Some of these reports will not be filed with the
Secretary of State until December, so if you’ve worked on a campaign, ask the
campaign manager or the candidate who gave large amounts of money. You don’t
need to list every $10 contribution, but the large donors are often interesting and
reveal a lot about a candidate. The top 10 donors would be fine. Who are the
major donors? Are they individuals or PACs or interest groups or political parties?
What are the big expenditures? Was all the money spent? Is the campaign in
Part V. The Expected Results (2 pages)–Who is most likely to win? What are the
specific precincts or regions expected to go for each candidate? What are the
areas of strength for each candidate? Is one candidate more active than others in
the ground campaign or in paid or earned media and social media? Will the results
be what was expected at the beginning of the campaign or will they be a surprise?
Part VI-a. Analysis of the Election (2 or 3 pages) Why did the winner win? (This
last question requires that you think about institutional factors (district
composition—the map), issues and key events, money and support, GOTV, the
nature of the office, the economic climate, name recognition, coat tails of others
higher up the party ticket, etc.). We will have mentioned several of these sorts of
factors during the class.
Intensive Writing Students Only: Part VI-b. Analysis of the Election’s
Contextual Meaning (4-5 pages) What does the campaign say about the current
political culture of the state and the specific district in the campaign? How did the
campaign exemplify the strengths or weakness of the political parties? How do you
assess the role of interest groups in the campaign, and the role of wealthy people
or other political and economic elites? Reflect on how the election results may
affect policy issues that were raised in the campaign and policy issues that may
become more important over the next two years (and may or may not have played
an important role in the campaign). What have you learned about how voters
choose candidates in primary elections. Cite any outside research that you may
bring into this intensive writing section.
Part VII. Conclusions (1-2 pages)—How does what you have discovered about
this election relate to what we have discussed in class? How does it confirm,
challenge or extend what we have found? What did you learn by working on a
Appendices The following is a checklist for the required appendices to be
attached at the end of the paper:
A. A list of the things you did to help the campaign.
B. Or if you interviewed the candidate, provide a transcript or summary of the
C. A sample of flyers, brochures or other campaign material. If you’ve
volunteered, you can just ask for an extra copy – or go help clean up the
campaign office after the election, and you’re likely to have lots of extra copies,
or pass out literature on election day and keep one copy for your paper. This
year most of this might be online. But there could be mailed flyers, and if you
volunteer you can ask that someone send you one. You could take a picture of
a yard sign, for example.
D. A map showing precincts and the region in which the campaign occurred (city,
county, district . . . ). (Government offices may have these if the campaign
does not.) If you’ve volunteered on the campaign, you can probably ask for
some of these after the campaign is over.
E. The top five to ten campaign contributors, the top five to ten campaign
expenditures, and the total cost of the campaign. The amount the major
opponent raised and spent. You should discuss some, perhaps all, of these in
the paper, but list this as an appendix.
How I will grade the paper:
A. Did the paper cover each of the parts (1-7) clearly and incisively?
B. Were the appropriate appendices attached?
C. Were earlier comments and corrections fixed and the changes
B. Was each source cited in the paper and the reference list?
3. WRITING QUALITY
B. Has the writer followed the rules of grammar, punctuation, and spelling?
C. Clarity: How clearly written was the paper? How well organized was the
paper? Please use headings and subheadings to keep things
** Suggestions to improve your grade on the paper**
1. Have someone check your grammar. Use the computer grammar checker.
2. Use section headings and subsections. Follow the outline AND use the rubrics.
3. Use topic sentences.
4. Answer all of the questions I have asked… Example: Few papers explained
exactly what the candidate must do to get on the ballot. Often students do not
discuss candidates other than the one who was the focus of the paper.
Discuss the opponent briefly, too.
5. Some people give a reference list, but do not cite from it in the text. Cite your
sources in the paper, and your interview or personal conversation with
campaign staff counts as a legitimate source of information. Example of an in
text reference (author year).
6. The title page should include: your name, the name of the class, the name of
the candidate, and the office he or she was pursuing.
7. Use a spell checker, human or computer, and please use the grammar
checker in Word.
POLITICS IN MICHIGAN 6
Politics in Michigan
Politics in Michigan
Part 1A: the candidates
Michigan is one of the numerous States in America. The state has undergone tremendous growth and declines over the years during its existence. According to research, Michigan experienced exponential growth during the 1950s; however, because of differences and changes in governments, citizens have been confronted with various challenges. The 20th and 21st centuries have been ideal in Michigan because of economic growth, but some areas have also experienced a decline. For instance, there has been an economic decline in cities such as Detroit, Flint, and Pontiac, leading to increased rates of unemployment and migration. Therefore, as the state focuses on how best to address the current issues and challenges faced by Michiganders, Michiganders need to choose or select the best leaders. They will work for the best interest of the citizens and the country at large.
Carol Glanville is a democratic candidate vying for a seat in the 74th House District. Carol was born and raised in West Michigan. She is a stepmother and a daughter to union workers. Since her childhood, Carol has had a passion for learning; therefore, she managed to be an extensive teacher, administrator, consultant and leading communities in general. Carol has served as a Walker City commissioner and an advisor in various advocacy groups. She ran for the Michigan 74th House District seat because of her passion for standing up and fighting for working individuals, the environment and ensuring a thriving working environment. Carol emerged to be a winner during the May elections with 52% of the overall votes against Regan Robert, a Republican candidate who made headlines in March because of his controversial statements on rape and covid-19. Therefore, since West Michigander values integrity, decency and care for the public, Carol became the most preferred candidate to fill the House of Representative seat.
She was facing Republican Robert Regan and Mike Milanowski Jr., a write-in candidate. Carol won the seat in a historic win because Republicans held the 4th House District seat since 1993. Robert Regan has always been portrayed as a controversial candidate in the Michigan House of Representatives elections. For instance, in March 2022, Regan filled the news headlines because of his utterances by saying that when women are raped, they should lie back and enjoy the rape process. Mike Milanowski Jr. was running as a write-in candidate; therefore, if he was to win the primaries, the voters would have been the ones to write his name on the ballot papers.
The major issue during the elections and campaigns is that Robert Regan had faced controversial issues in the past few months before the elections. According to reports, he won the March primaries because he echoed the false presidential vote fraud claims. Regan is now for making controversial statements, including the one he made about rape and how he tells his daughter to always lay back and enjoy.
For any candidate to get nominated or on the ballot paper in Michigan, they must meet the ballot access laws to appear on the ballot papers. There are three basic methods that candidates use to become candidates; they can be nominated through a recognized political party and run as independent candidates through petition or write-in candidates. The Democratic political party nominated Carol Glanville as its preferred candidate. She was required to have at least 1000 signatures to qualify for inclusion on the ballot paper.
Part 1B: The office
The Michigan State Legislature regards the House of Representatives as the lower chamber working alongside the senate-house. It also works alongside the governor in creating laws and establishing the state budget. Therefore, the legislative duty and responsibility of the Michigan house are to pass bills, set levels on how much the state should spend and vote against or for gubernatorial vetoes. The house always meets in the capitol building in Lansing. It comprises 110 members elected by electorates, and they need to be in office for two years. The representatives serve in districts based on the population they acquire from the federal decennial census.
The 74th House District office has various powers bestowed on the selected candidate. For instance, Carol has the power to initiate revenue bills; she is also bestowed with authority alongside other representatives to impeach federal officials and also elect the president during the Electoral College tie.
The benefits of being in the office of the House of Representatives in Michigan and other states in America are numerous. For instance, the House of Representatives in Michigan gets a decent salary of $71 685 plus extra money for expenses in a year. They run and take part in state legislations, propose bills, pass or fail bills and can impeach federal officials who do not conform to the American constitutional rights. They also have the right and liberty to get health insurance and legal protection. Another vital benefit is that the person in the office, such as Carol, has a chance and the opportunity to lead the people ad run the district that she represents.
Even though there are numerous powers and benefits bestowed on the Michigan House of Representatives, the members also face limitations. For instance, they cannot be elected more than three times to serve as representatives in any US House of Representatives within 12 years. The representatives should not have conflicts of interests when in office; therefore, regardless of the party that the electorates vote for, he or they should treat and serve them equally.
Historically, the Michigan 74th House District has been held by Republicans since 1993; however, in the May 2022 elections, Carol, a Democratic member, won the elections against Regan. This implies that the Republicans had held the 4th House District office for almost three decades before any Democrat won it in May this year.
The Michigan House of Representatives is elected into office through partisan elections. Two or more candidates face each other during the elections, and the one that gets the highest votes gets the seat. For instance, during the May 2022 4th House District face-offs, Carol competed with Regan and Mike. Carol managed to get 52% of the total votes, while Regan got 40%. Therefore, Carol assumed the office since she was the one that got the highest votes.
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