Posted: August 6th, 2022

Prevention Program


As an addiction professional, you may contribute to social change in a variety of ways. For example, you may educate clients and families, engage in local community and political agendas to help those in need, and connect with other professionals in the field across the city, state, or nation. In addition, you might work to limit social agendas that may potentially hurt clients, families, and communities at large.

Individuals, groups, governments, school systems and communities aim to advocate for people in need through the use of social programs. For example, the Drug Abuse Awareness and Resistance Education (D.A.R.E.) program designed by Nancy Reagan in the 1980s was a social program with the goal of keeping kids away from alcohol and drugs. This program was used in nearly 80% of school districts in the United States where police officers were tasked with educating school-aged children about the dangers of using alcohol and drugs. Unfortunately, despite the best of intentions, some social change programs are ineffective and fail to accomplish what they set out to do. D.A.R.E. has reportedly been ineffective and was sometimes shown to be counterproductive (Hanson, n. d.). 

Learning Resources

Required Readings

Capuzzi, D., & Stauffer, M. D. (2020). Foundations of addictions counseling (4th ed.). New York, NY: Pearson Education, Inc.

· Chapter 16, “Substance Addiction Prevention Programs Across the Lifespan” (pp. 339-360)

Goodin, M. J. (2018). We cannot treat the dead. American Journal of Public Health, 2018(10), 1286-1288.

Kelly, J. F., Stout, R. L., Magill, M., Tonigan, J. S., & Pagano, M. E. (2010). Mechanisms of behavior change in alcoholics anonymous: Does Alcoholics Anonymous lead to better alcohol use outcomes by reducing depression symptoms? Addiction, 105(4), 626–636.

NIDA for Teens: The Science Behind Drug Abuse. (n.d.). Retrieved December 1, 2013, from

Pagano, M. E., Post, S. G., & Johnson, S. M. (2011). Alcoholics Anonymous-related helping and the helper therapy principle. Alcoholism Treatment Quarterly, 29(1), 21–23.

The Partnership at (2013). Retrieved from

Patry, E., Bratberg, J. P., Buchanan, A., Paiva, A. L., Balestrieri, S., & Matson, K. L. (2018). Rx for addiction and medication safety: An evaluation of teen education for opioid misuse prevention. Research in Social and Administrative Pharmacy. doi:10.1016/j.sapharm.2018.07.006

Pitt, A. L., Humphreys, K., & Brandeau, M. L. (2018). Modeling health benefits and harms of public policy responses to the US opioid epidemic. American Journal of Public Health, 108(10), 1394-1400.

Document: Twelve-Step Groups (PDF)

For this Discussion, review this week’s resources and select one of the social change programs identified below. Consider the challenges facing social change programs and think about factors that may contribute to the success of these programs in today’s society.

Select a social change program from the list provided and complete research on the topic for Discussion:

· Just Say No

· War on Drugs

· World Health Organization on Addiction

Discussion question

Post a description of the prevention program that you selected and explain why it was not successful in preventing addiction. Then based on this information, what two recommendations would you make for this program to be successful in reducing addiction today? Finally, describe two challenges to those recommendations. Support your response using the resources and the current literature.

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