Posted: September 20th, 2022

Question

Topic-Week3Discussion-EvaluatingSources

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This is a graded discussion: 25 points possible due Jul 27 at 1:59am

Week 3 Discussion: Evaluating Sources
12 12

Required Resources
Read/review the following resources for this activity:

Introduction
“Everyone is entitled to their own opinions – but not their own facts.” (Daniel Patrick Moynihan,
cited in Vanity Fair, 2010, para. 2)

We form opinions – and make our judgments – based on facts we observe and values we hold.
Our judgments are also influenced by the opinions of others. In the section “An Expert on Hate in
America” in Chapter 6, one of the authors, Dr. Peter Facione, renders an opinion on a non-profit
civil rights organization: Southern Poverty Law Center (SPLC). Dr. Facione is a leading advocate
and one of the most influential voices in the field of critical thinking.

His endorsement of the civil rights organization is unqualified. It is also transparent: Dr. Facione
reveals that he is a financial supporter of the organization and has arranged speaking
engagements for its founder. This is Dr. Facione’s invitation to you, the reader:

Knowing where you can learn more about the SPLC for yourself, and knowing about Dr. Facione’s
endorsement and support of the Center’s work, evaluate this claim made by Dr. Facione: “The
SPLC is an expert on hate in America” (p. 124).

The endorsement of the SPLC is contained in the most current edition of the text, whose copyright
date is 2016. Since that time Morris Dees, co-founder and former chief trial counsel, has been
fired (Hassan, Zraick & Blinder, 2019). Previously, there has been controversy about groups and
individuals that are listed by the SPLC as “hate groups” (Graham, 2016; Price, 2018). The
organization, which has nearly a half-billion dollars in assets, has also been criticized for how it
spends these funds (Robinson, 2019).

Self-Assessment Question

Textbook: Chapter 6, 7
Lesson
Minimum of 1 scholarly source (in addition to the textbook)

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Before you submit your initial post, make sure to read the assigned chapter. Then, ask yourself
the following: Did the article in Chapter 6 of the text seem credible and reliable? Why? Be very
specific:

Initial Post Instructions
For the initial post, address the following:

Only after you have done some responsible research should you begin to respond to the
discussion prompt. The discussion is not about the SPLC; it is not about Dr. Facione. It is about
what you have learned about forming opinions.

Your post must answer this question:

Your post must also discuss at least two (2) of the following questions:

Follow-Up Post Instructions
Respond to at least two peers or one peer and the instructor. Further the dialogue by providing
more information and clarification.

Writing Requirements

Was it because it is in a textbook?
Because it was written by a learned and respected person?
Because of content in the article?
Because of your previous knowledge of the SPLC?

Conduct additional research on the SPLC.

Did your opinion alter in any way? Why?

How do you define the term “expert”?

How important are facts in the process of forming an opinion? Explain what you believe to
be the purpose or function of facts in making a judgment.
How did you respond to the self-assessment question? Since doing further research, have
you re-thought the way in which you assess credibility and reliability? What is the
importance of factoring the recency of a reference or opinion (i.e., how old is it?) into an
assessment of credibility and reliability?
How would you evaluate Dr. Facione’s claim “The SPLC is an expert on hate in America” (p.
124). Does the SPLC fit your definition of “expert”? Be specific in your answer.

Minimum of 3 posts (1 initial & 2 follow-up)
Minimum of 2 sources cited (assigned readings/online lessons and an outside source)

Top

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Search entries or author

Grading
This activity will be graded using the Discussion Grading Rubric. Please review the following link:

Course Outcomes (CO): 4, 5, 6

Due Date for Initial Post: By 11:59 p.m. MT on Wednesday
Due Date for Follow-Up Posts: By 11:59 p.m. MT on Sunday

References

Facione, P. A., & Gittens, C. A. (2016). Think critically (3rd ed.). Pearson.

Graham, D.A., (2016, October) How did Maajid Nawaz end up on a list of ‘anti-
Muslim extremists’?
https://www.theatlantic.com/international/archive/2016/10/maajid-nawaz-
splc-anti-muslim-extremist/505685/

Hassan, A., Zraick, K., & Blinder, A (2019, March 24) Morris Dees, a co-founder of
the Southern Poverty Law Center, is ousted. New York Times.
https://www.nytimes.com/2019/03/14/us/morris-dees-southern-poverty-
law-center-fired.html

Price, G. (2018, June 18) Southern Poverty Law Center settles lawsuit after falsely
labeling ‘extremist’ organization. Newsweek.
https://www.newsweek.com/splc-nawaz-million-apologizes-981879

Robinson, N. J. (2019, March) The Southern Poverty Law Center is everything
that’s wrong with liberalism. Current Affairs.
https://www.currentaffairs.org/2019/03/the-southern-poverty-law-center-is-
everything-thats-wrong-with-liberalism

Vanity Fair. (2010, October 10). An American original.
https://www.vanityfair.com/news/2010/11/moynihan-letters-201011

APA format for in-text citations and list of references

Link (webpage): Discussion Guidelines

Unread ” # $ Subscribe

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(https://chamberlain.instructure.com/courses/65138/users/97891)Sonja Sheffield (Instructor)
Jun 22, 2020

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Greetings Students,

You are only required to post an initial answer post and ONE follow-up post in each
required discussion, each week.

Please make your TWO posts each week between Monday and Sunday. Your posts
must occur on different days with the first post occurring by Wednesday. If there are
extenuating circumstances, please communicate with your professor.

Since so many of our beliefs are based on what other people tell us, in writing, or TV or by
word-of-mouth, the critical thinker needs to know how to decide who to believe and in what
circumstances. The criteria which apply will depend on the case, but relevant considerations
will often include:

The sources reputation for reliability (contrast the BBC and the Sun newspaper).

Whether the source has a vested interest (e.g., someone accused of war crimes who
denies any responsibility)

Whether there is corroboration of the claim from independent sources (as when it was
claimed that cold fusion has been produced)

Whether the source has the relevant expertise/training (as when a police officer gives
evidence in court)

The nature of the claim itself (as when someone claims to have witnessed a miracle)

Whether the source can provide credible reasons for the claim they make (as when
someone claims to have encountered ‘aliens’ from another planet).

Check this out.

A group of scientists has looked at a number of studies of the link between passive smoking
and lung cancer. The scientists have said that these studies do not demonstrate that there
is a significant risk of lung cancer for non-smokers who are exposed to environmental

7/22/20, 4:26 PM
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Edited by Sonja Sheffield (https://chamberlain.instructure.com/courses/65138/users/97891) on Jun 22 at 12:38pm

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tobacco smoke at work or in the home, either form a smoking parent or spouse. But this
analysis was commissioned by the tobacco industry. So findings of the analysis are likely to
be incorrect.

Reference

Fisher, A. (2001). Critical thinking: An introduction. Cambridge University Press: UK. 11

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Caitlyn Pienkowski
(https://chamberlain.instructure.com/courses/65138/users/102153)
Monday

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Hello!

According to the SPCL website, the SPCL is dedicated to fighting hate and bigotry and to seek
justice for the most vulnerable members of our society. My opinion did not alter in anyway. I
think the website is a source for people to educate themselves on what is going on the
America and is a way to stop the hate.

I would define the term “expert” as someone having authoritative knowledge in a particular
skill.

– I think in order to even form an opinion you have to know your facts. You should not voice an
opinion if you cannot back yourself up without support. That is what I believe to be the purpose
of facts in making a judgement.

“We solve problems by following the reasons and the evidence with courage wherever they
lead, by asking the tough questions, by being inquisitive, by being open- minded and tolerant
about a wide range of ideas and possible explanations, by being persistent and systematic in
our inquiry, and by not fearing what this process will turn up as possible answers” (Wittens,

How important are facts in the process of forming an opinion? Explain what you believe
to be the purpose or function of facts in making a judgment.

7/22/20, 4:26 PM
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2015).

– I believe what is in the textbook is very credible and reliable. I always look for peer reviewed
articles when using them for an assignment because it gives enough credibility for support. I
would not use an article that is outdated more than 5 years. You always want to stay up to date
with information within the last 3-5 years.

Reference

https://www.splcenter.org/what-we-do (https://www.splcenter.org/what-we-do)

Gittens, P.F.C. A. (2015). THINK Critically. [VitalSource Bookshelf]. Retrieved
from https://online.vitalsource.com/#/books/9780133914351/

How did you respond to the self-assessment question? Since doing further research,
have you re-thought the way in which you assess credibility and reliability? What is the
importance of factoring the recency of a reference or opinion (i.e., how old is it?) into an
assessment of credibility and reliability?

(https://chamberlain.instructure.com/courses/65138/users/97891)Sonja Sheffield (Instructor)
Monday

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Hello Caitlyn, thank you for being the first to respond to this week’s discussion.

You wrote, “. . . it important to know your facts.” Whose facts are those and it is really
our own facts that we should know and cling to? The sentence is a bit vague and I’m
only trying to get clarification of what you really mean.

According to a recent Time/CNN poll:

These poll results, if they reflect reality, say something about some of the claims
Americans find credible. One thing that makes these high percentages interesting is
that evidence of the effectiveness of prayer in healing is so difficult to document, is it

Eighty-two percent of Americans believe in the healing power of personal prayer.
Seventy-three percent believe that praying for someone else can help cure that
person’s illness.
Seventy-seven percent believe that God sometimes intervenes to cure people
who have a serious illness.

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not?

What are your thoughts about “eyewitness” accounts? Look at this example:

Fairfax, Virginia, police officer signals cars after a man was shot to death October 11,
2002, at a gas station near Fredericksburg, Virginia. Police were looking for a white van.

When the series of sniper shootings occurred in Washington, DC, during the fall 2002,
there were eyewitness reports that the perpetrators were two white men traveling in a
white enclosed truck. In fact, two men who fit that description were detained and
investigated by authorities. But when those doing the shootings were caught, they
turned out to be two black men in a blue Chevrolet Caprice.

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Monica Hernandez
(https://chamberlain.instructure.com/courses/65138/users/118358)
Yesterday

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Hello Professor and class,

How do you define the term expert?

An expert is a distinguished credible source with extensive knowledge and experience in a
given subject area of study. Someone who is acknowledged by the professional peers at the
most reliable source of information in this field or domain.

How important are facts in the process of forming in

Facts are extremely important in the process of forming an opinion. The purpose and function
of fast is that they serve as verify proof or confirmations of details for the claim or argument.
Facts and details allow us to see the truth and relevancy behind a claim or arguments.
My evaluation of Dr. Facione claim the SPLC is an expert on hate in America was skeptical.
I immediately thought the further research is going to be necessary prior to forming an opinion
on whether or not the SPLC I was truly an expert on hate in America. This was because the
end of the article mentioned Faciones investment and financial ties of the
organization(Faciones, 2016). Furthering facts and information on SPLC, it seems that the

7/22/20, 4:26 PM
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organization is a public and recognized credible source with a background of human rights. It
is also widely supported to of a large network by the government. The article in the
Washington post mentions that the hate list created by the SPLC was considered nonpartisan
enough to be recognized by the government agencies, law enforcement, cooperations and
journalists( Montgomery 2018).

References:

Facione, P.A.,& GIttens, C.A. (2016). Think critically (3rd Ed.) Boston, MA: Pearson.

Montgomery, D. (2018, November 8). The Southern Poverty Law Center and the delicate task
of definingnhate in 2018. Retrieved from March 16, 2020 from
https://www.washingtonpost.com/news/magazine/work/2018/11/08/feature/is-the-southern-
poverty-law-center-judging-hate-fairly/

(https://chamberlain.instructure.com/courses/65138/users/99157)

Wei Wen Chiang
(https://chamberlain.instructure.com/courses/65138/users/99157)
Yesterday

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Before I conduct additional research on SPLC, the article in chapter 6 seems credible and
reliable to me because it is in the textbook and also because all the data it is showing. I did not
have any knowledge of SPLC that I did not know what it stands for. I also believe that there are
multiple people who wrote the textbook, instead of just Dr. Facione; therefore, the article has to
be credible if it went through different readings.

After further researches, my opinion altered a little. The definition of hate crime nowadays
definitely changed comparing to 1971 when Morris Dees founded SPLC. I believe when SPLC
was first founded from a good place, but I feel like fame makes things change. According to
Hassan, Zraick and Blinder, in the recent years, the center has come under scrutiny for its
classification of “hate groups,” and whether the organization has abused that label in pursuit of
a political agenda or increased donation. (Hassan, Zraick & Blinder, 2019).

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I define expert as someone who has a lot of experience in the field. The textbook defines
expert as someone who is both experienced and learned in a given subject matter area or field
of professional practice (Facion, 2016).

How important are facts in the process of forming an opinion?
Facts are important in the process of forming an opinion. Facts can increase my credibility
when I am trying to form an opinion. It makes my opinion more trustworthy.

How would you evaluate Dr. Facione’s claim?
I think Dr. Facione’s claim is biased. I feel like if Dr. Facione is a financial supporter of SPLC,
he should not give his opinion any SPLC topics. Although SPLC has a lot of experience with
hate crimes and there are lawyers working with SPLC, SPLC does not fit my definition of
expert. I believe an expert should be unbiased instead of favoring some ideas.

Reference:

Facione, P. A., & Gittens, C. A. (2016). Think critically (3rd ed.). Pearson.

Hassan, A., Zraick, K., & Blinder, A. (2019, March 14). Morris Dees, a Co-Founder of the
Southern Poverty Law Center, Is Ousted. Retrieved July 21, 2020, from
https://www.nytimes.com/2019/03/14/us/morris-dees-southern-poverty-law-center-
fired.html (https://www.nytimes.com/2019/03/14/us/morris-dees-southern-poverty-law-center-
fired.html)

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Scott O’Malley
(https://chamberlain.instructure.com/courses/65138/users/84538)
5:01am

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Professor & Class,

Before reading the “An Expert on Hate in America”, I didn’t know what SPLC was. I believe it
is a credible and reliable text because it is in our book. The text was able to provide stats and
provide a website in which the reader is able to look up more information.

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After doing my own research on the SPLC, my opinion didn’t change because I felt
they were able to provide facts. It is also a non-profit website because it is a .org compared to
being a .com. the website was organized and I was able to learn more about the hate groups
such as location and leaders.

I define an “expert” as someone who has knowledge of a subject through studies and
experiences. They are able to provide facts for their beliefs. An expert is able to provide
consistent reliable facts.

Facts are important in the process of forming an opinion because without a basic
knowledge or credible source, it may be difficult for others to understand you. Without facts,
people won’t take your opinion seriously.

I would say that Dr. Facione’s claim “ The SPLC” is an expert on hate in America
because the SPLC is able to provide factual information on the subject. Not only did they
provide facts but also were able to locate the groups all over the U.S., name a couple of
leaders of these hate groups, and it is backed up by the government. I do believe the SPLC
consist of experts because they provide years of facts through the past twenty years.

Gittens, P.F.C. A. (2015). THINK Critically. [VitalSource Bookshelf]. Retrieved
from https://online.vitalsource.com/#/books/9780133914351/
(https://online.vitalsource.com/#/books/9780133914351/)

https://www.splcenter.org/what-we-do (https://www.splcenter.org/what-we-do)

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Elijah Wiggin
(https://chamberlain.instructure.com/courses/65138/users/147419)
6:02am

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After reading the article in the book and then reading on SPLC’s website, my opinion did not
change. The SPLC is an organization that fights to end hate groups of a wide variety. Their

7/22/20, 4:26 PM
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website is very informative and gives a lot of information on what the organization does.

My definition of expert is, someone being well knowledgeable and familiar about a certain skill
or topic.

-How important are facts in the process of forming an opinion? Explain what you believe to be
the purpose or function of facts in making a judgment.

I think that facts are super important when forming an opinion. To make an honest opinion you
need the truth and the right facts on the situation. The function of the facts to make a
judgement or opinion is that accurate facts help with a better opinion. If the facts are not true,
vague, or confusing it makes it more difficult to form a sound opinion. If the facts are clear, in
depth, and have data backing them up then it is easier to form an opinion on the topic.

-How would you evaluate Dr. Facione’s claim “The SPLC is an expert on hate in America” (p.
124). Does the SPLC fit your definition of “expert”? Be specific in your answer.

After looking through the website and seeing what they had to say, I think that they could be
considered experts in that area. With the data and the in depth topics they talk about I think
that they are well knowledgeable about the situations going on in the world.

Facione, P.A.,& GIttens, C.A. (2016). Think critically (3rd Ed.) Boston, MA: Pearson.

20, J. (2020, July 20). Southern Poverty Law Center. Retrieved July 22, 2020, from
https://www.splcenter.org/

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Brittany Varnes
(https://chamberlain.instructure.com/courses/65138/users/129972)
9:28am

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Hi Professor and Class,

According to Thiessen (2018), the SPLC organization has been using its resources and
influence to tarnish people. In his report, Thiessen notes an episode in which the organization
listed Maajid Nawaz as an extremist (2018). The Muslim cleric, who had since renounced his
association with Islamic radicals, filed a lawsuit accusing the SPLC of defamation. Other

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victims whose names have been slurred include Ben Carson, who was listed as a white
supremacist and a neo-Nazi. According to Thiessen (2018), the SPLC organization continues
to deface innocent people by listing them as extremists.

Thiessen’s report about SPLC changed what I had previously thought; I had thought it as a
credible organization. Given what Dr. Facione writes about SPLC and what I read on
Thiessen’s report, our views tend to differ. The former commends the organization as an
“Expert on hate in America” for exposing extremist groups and their members. Dr. Facione
even thanks SPLC for returning normalcy in schools where incidences of hatred had been
rampant. While his article may be seen as a credible source, its reliability is questionable
owing to Thiessen’s findings; the latter’s report is more recent than Dr. Facione ‘s.

Dr. Facione is a pro-SPLC and maintains a close relationship with the organization’s co-
founder. I think his assertion about the organization being an “expert on hate in America” is an
overstatement owing to the recent misfortunes that have befallen the SPLC. The
organization’s co-founder, Mr. Dee, and friend of Dr. Facione’s was sacked after reports
emerged that he had engaged in office misconduct (Wamsley, 2019). Add this to the pending
lawsuits, I disagree with Dr. Facione’s claim. The organization does not, therefore, fit my
definition of “expert.” According to Facione and Gittens (2016), an expert exhibits profound
knowledge of their profession. The SPLC does not attach proof when they label people as
extremists, which raises questions about their expertise.

References

Facione, P. A., & Gittens, C. A. (2016). Think critically (3rd ed.). Boston: Pearson.

Thiessen, M. A. (2018, June 22). The Southern Poverty Law Center has lost all credibility.
Retrieved from https://www.washingtonpost.com/opinions/the-southern-poverty-law-center-
has-lost-all-credibility/2018/06/21/22ab7d60-756d-11e8-9780-

b1dd6a09b549_story.html

Wamsley, L. (2019, March 14). Southern Poverty Law Center Fires Morris Dees, Its Co-
Founder. Retrieved from https://www.npr.org/2019/03/14/703526235/southern-poverty-law-
center-fires-morris-dees-its-co-founder

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Dijana Rahmanovic
(https://chamberlain.instructure.com/courses/65138/users/64315)
10:06am

% Reply &

!

I conducted research on the Southern Poverty Law Center through their website. My opinion of
them did not change. I define the term “expert” as someone who has comprehensive
knowledge on a topic, often through professional training on it. Facts are important to the
process of forming an opinion. Facts are what we form our opinions on topics around. For
instance, we know, through seeing it with our own eyes, that police brutality exists, therefore
we will form our opinion for or against police brutality based on the fact of the matter.

Dr. Facione’s claim is “The SPLC is an expert on hate in America” (p. 124). I believe the SPLC
fits my definition of “expert”. The founder of the organization, Morris Dees, is a civil rights
lawyer who has spent his career focusing on hate crimes against minorities. The organization
is also lead by a team of civil rights lawyers and has a team full of other members who play an
important role. I believe that the organization, which was founded in 1971, has been dedicated
to its cause, and it is undeniable the its leading team, with the credentials, it has, has steered
the organization toward many victories. They are experts in the field of hate crimes and civil
rights because of the education and experience they have on the topic.

References

Facione, P.A.,& GIttens, C.A. (2016). Think critically (3rd Ed.) Boston, MA: Pearson.

20, J. (2020, July 20). Southern Poverty Law Center. Retrieved July 22, 2020, from
https://www.splcenter.org/

(https://chamberlain.instructure.com/courses/65138/users/148682)

Ashley White

7/22/20, 4:26 PM
Page 13 of 16

(https://chamberlain.instructure.com/courses/65138/users/148682)
11:19am

!

Hi Professor and Class!

Did the article in Chapter 6 of the text seem credible and reliable? Why?

The article in Chapter 6 does seem credible to me. It appears credible to me because of the
fact its in a book, and written by someone respected. It also is credible because of the
statistical facts and dates that are in the article as well. When an article is backed up with facts
it appears to be from a credible source.

Did your opinion alter in any way? Why?

Yes, after reaching my opinion is different. It seems like the SPLC did a good job at listing hate
groups at first and then it got out of hand. Now it seems they are listing people before they
even know anything about them. But when it declares Maajid Nawaz, the Family Research
Council, Ben Carson and Charles Murray as moral equivalents of the Klan, it loses all integrity
and credibility(Theissen, 2018). Its not fair that they starting putting people on their list before
they did their research.

How do you define the term “expert”? Someone who has a lot of knowledge and experience in
a specific skill.

How important are facts in the process of forming an opinion? Explain what you believe to be
the purpose or function of facts in making a judgment. Facts are important when forming an
opinion because they can persuade the reader to agree with them. The facts in this article
made me think the SPLC was doing a good job to call out these hate groups, but now after
further research I don’t think these facts are credible.

How would you evaluate Dr. Facione’s claim “The SPLC is an expert on hate in America” (p.
124). Does the SPLC fit your definition of “expert”? Be specific in your answer. I don’t think Dr.
Facione’s claim is credible. It makes me wonder about his judgement too. The SPLC are not
experts if they are accusing the wrong people to be listed on their hate group list. I think they
do have knowledge of the hate groups because they have been doing this for years, but they
also don’t really show any proof of why they label certain people in the hate group.

References:

Thiessen, M. (2018, June 22). Opinion | The Southern Poverty Law Center has lost all
credibility. Retrieved July 22, 2020, from https://www.washingtonpost.com/opinions/the-
southern-poverty-law-center-has-lost-all-credibility/2018/06/21/22ab7d60-756d-11e8-9780-

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b1dd6a09b549_story.html

(https://chamberlain.instructure.com/courses/65138/users/97891)Sonja Sheffield (Instructor)
3:41pm

% Reply &

!

Hello Ashley, thanks for your thoughts for this week as we look at credibility.

So let me ask you this you indicated that the article in chapter 6 seems credible
because it’s written in a book as well as written by someone respected. The two
questions that I would ask based on that statement are is everything written in a book
credible and reliable; how do you know the author is respected? And then do you know
for sure that the statistical facts and dates in the article are credible and reliable; how do
you know for sure?

I’m not sure what you mean by when you wrote, “yes, after reaching my opinion is
different.” Can you explain what you mean by that please.

Now let me ask some qualifying and clarification questions. You said the SPLC did a
good job at first and then it got out of hand. What do you mean specifically by getting
out of hand? And then be careful when you read terms such as, “it seems”, because
that will cause someone that you either speaking to will ask what you say it seems like?
You understand where I’m going here? Because remember we’re talking about
credibility and reliability in checking sources.

Did you consider checking any outside facts regarding the SPLC before you form your
opinion? I’m just curious.

How does social media factor into how you form your opinions?

Let’s look at assessing the credibility of sources. The guiding principle in evaluating
claims requires that they come from credible sources. What about the credibility of
sources? A person may lack credibility in various ways; what do you see as some of
those ways an individual may be lacking in credibility?

I look forward to your response.

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Loc Nguyen
(https://chamberlain.instructure.com/courses/65138/users/131729)
4:02pm

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!

Hello Professor and class,

Reference

Facione, P. & Gittens, C. A. (2016). Thinking critically. 3 . Ed. Pearson:Boston, MA.

Teaching Tolerance. (n.d.). Retrieved July 22, 2020, from https://www.splcenter.org/teaching-
tolerance

After reading the article, “An Expert on Hate in America” I thought that their credibility is
legitimate since it was published in a textbook, but I am still a little skeptical. After I did
my research on SPLC, I am convinced that they are the group they claim to be because
they have an anti-biased program. The anti-bias approach encourages children and
young people to challenge prejudice and learn how to be agents of change in their own
lives (SPLC).
To me the term “expert” means someone who has years of experience and knowledge in
their field.
Facts are very important in the process of forming opinion. Facts are things that already
proven and cannot be altered, just like law of physics. Opinions are formed and
influenced base on known facts; therefore, judgement is made when all facts are known.
I would evaluate Dr. Facion’s claim “The SPLC is an expert on hate in America” is an act
of interest. Experts, being humans, have interests. (Faciones, 2016, p. 121). Dr.
Faciones is a financial supporter of the SPLC for decades. The SPLC does fit my
definition of “expert” because they have years of experience and knowledge when it
comes to fight hate and bigotry in the country.

rd

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