Posted: June 15th, 2022

simply questuons, I supply other student answers just rewrite answers, NO WORD COUNT REQUIRED

MUST ANSWER ASSIGNMENTS 1 AND 2.  I uploaded other student answers so just use their answers for reserach to write your own answers and do not copy their answers word for word. word doc has all the student answers. also mention the source if your copying words from some where  DUE TONIGHT in 7 hours very easy  10pm eastern time – nyc time

assignment 1

Answer the following questions at least in part in terms of Mancur Olson’s analysis of special interests and selective incentives:

(1) (a) Describe the contract made by China and the government of the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) that allows the Chinese to assume control of the DRC’s copper mines (p. 99).  

(b) Why do the governments of Burma, the DRC, and Peru allow the Chinese to assume police extraterritorial police and regulatory authority?

(2) Why aren’t the employees in the DRC’s copper mines, Burma’s jade mines, and Peruvina copper mines in San Juan de Marcona able to effectively unionize?

assignment 2

(1) What are the implications of the Chinese diaspora and the methods of management described in the reading for unionism around the world?

 

(2) Marxism is an ideology that claims to react to capitalist exploitation.  Yet, China’s Marxist government exploits third world workers at least as egregiously as capitalist firms did in the worst, earliest period of capitalism in the 1600s. 

(a) Is this kind of treatment of employees necessarily characteristic of the early stages of development? (b) Over time, capitalist firms learned that approaches such as welfare capitalism, scientific management, human relations, and worker participation generate more profit than do exploitive methods.  Why don’t the Chinese mining companies operate in the more sophisticated manner of later capitalism rather than in the less sophisticated manner of mercantilism or early capitalism?

ATTACHED FILE(S)


Student answer

(a) Describe the contract made by China and the government of the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) that allows the Chinese to assume control of the DRC’s copper mines (p. 99).

China comes to a developing country and builds infrastructure. Railroads, highways, power plants, and even stadiums are built to improve the lives of the people in developing countries. In return China gains rights to minerals, oil, and agriculture etc. The contract between China and the DRC was skewed in Chinese favor. The mining concessions, it was argued, were worth a great deal more than the infrastructure projects that the Chinese loans would finance.

(b) Why do the governments of Burma, the DRC, and Peru allow the Chinese to assume police extraterritorial police and regulatory authority?

These countries allow this to happen because of China’s power and economic aid with the billions of dollars that China invests in their country. For example, the Chinese companies are responsible for the damage in the Burmese forest for the extraction of gold and jade, but the Burmese government allows the destruction to happen. Although China has no military control, its activities demonstrate some of the classic signs of a savage act of plundering committed by a neo-colonizer.

(2)

Why aren’t the employees in the DRC’s copper mines, Burma’s jade mines, and Peruvina copper mines in San Juan de Marcona able to effectively unionize?

Chinese companies abroad simply reproduce the same labor patterns (low salary, low production quality with a high return on prices) and imperialism ideas that have been going in the China to these developing countries. They insist that the current generation must sacrifice itself for the well-being of its grandchildren. They believe if they get unionized they’ll be harder to control. The Chinese also hire their fellow countrymen because they also believe they’re more disciplined.

Student answer

(a) Describe the contract made by China and the government of the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) that allows the Chinese to assume control of the DRC’s copper mines (p. 99).

China’s contract with the DRC was favored for China so that in the long term they benefited more from te contract than the DRC. China pretty much gave a whole development plan to the DRC from roads and highways to healthcare.

(b) Why do the governments of Burma, the DRC, and Peru allow the Chinese to assume police extraterritorial police and regulatory authority?

The Chinese invested alot of money into these countries. For example, the Chinese companies are responsible for the damage in the Burmese forest for the extraction of gold and jade, but the Burmese government allows the destruction to happen and so therefore.

Student answer

(1)

(a) The so called “co-operation agreement” clearly favors China’s interest. The DRC (Democratic Republic of Congo) is exposing its main economic resources (cobalt and copper) to be exploited to the exhaustion based on a mining contract that reflects a high level of unfairness. China’s investment on the Congolese mines will yield between six and twenty times the value of the investment while is calculated that the resources of cobalt and copper will be exhausted in about three decades. At the same time the contract states China as the lender, seller and client. Such situation leaves China with the advantage of minimizing the investment while maximizing the resources obtain during the transaction.                

(b) The so called “no interference” and peaceful coexistence” principles between Burma and China are based on governments’ self interest and greed by the two parties that only lead to continuous poverty and lack of development in the local community of Burma.  The situation is not different in San Juan de Marcona Peru where added to the violation of human rights over miners working for Shougang, hostility towards union members and company’s reprisals prevent workers from voicing out their disappointment and frustration against the Chinese government. In the DRC, underdevelopment is at its full expression, one wonders what kind of law or regulations could exist under such devastating economic conditions.

(2)

Unionism requires a set of regulations and law enforcement that will incentive workers to organize, however due to the poor economic circumstances as well as the corruption and greed of governments in order to benefit themselves, it is close to impossible to reach such organization.


Student answer

They insist that the current generation must sacrifice itself for the well-being of its grandchildren. Chinese entrepreneurs understand to start an empire in a globalized world, it’s important to squeeze the margins.

Cardenal and Araujo argue, that philosophy has raised the money which finances China’s overseas investments. Thirty years ago, when Deng Xiaoping commenced the shift from communism to state capitalism, China had an “iron rice bowl” welfare state which guaranteed, among other things, health care and old-age pensions. The iron rice bowl was briskly removed, with the result that those Chinese who made some money were obliged to save, and those who did not have money suffered.

Student answer

(1) The working conditions in other countries around the world set by Chinese migration are illegal working regulations that involve bribes in order to be able to operate in foreign countries, affecting negatively the opportunity to support legal employment. For this reason, there is no collective incentive among workers to organize. The corruption among different governments prevents any legal action that would lead to more fair working conditions through organization.

(a) The early stages of development are intrinsic in the treatment of employees.

(b) The early capitalism offers to the Chinese mining companies a more profitable gain due to the greed and self-interest of government leaders that allow violations to human rights and employment rights in exchange of bribes.

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