Posted: September 19th, 2022

Urgent 1

Assignment 1

 DUE DATE – 6 sept short stories are attached answer length – 500-600 words
I want you to close read your chosen short story and answer the 4 sets of questions above for your chosen short story.

  1. What is the book about as a whole? You must try to discover the leading theme of the book and how the author develops this theme in an orderly way… (Theme)
  2. What is being said in detail, and how? You must try to discover the main ideas, assertions, and arguments that constitute the author’s particular message.
  3. Is the book true, in whole or in part? You cannot answer this question until you have answered the first two. You must know what is being said before you can decide whether it is true or not. When you understand a book, however, you must make up your mind. Knowing the author’s mind is not enough.
  4. What of it? If the book has given you information, you must ask about its significance. Why does the author think it is essential to know these things? Is it necessary to you to know them?

Copyright © by Holt, Rinehart and Winston. All rights reserved.

Kate Chopin’s “The Story of an Hour” originally published 1894.

The Story of an Hour

Kate Chopin

Knowing that Mrs. Mallard was afflicted with a heart trouble, great care was taken to break

to her as gently as possible the news of her husband’s death.

It was her sister Josephine who told her, in broken sentences; veiled hints that revealed in

half concealing. Her husband’s friend Richards was there, too, near her. It was he who had been

in the newspaper office when intelligence of the railroad disaster was received, with Brently

Mallard’s name leading the list of “killed.” He had only taken the time to assure himself of its

truth by a second telegram, and had hastened to forestall any less careful, less tender friend in

bearing the sad message.

She did not hear the story as many women have heard the same, with a paralyzed inability to

accept its significance. She wept at once, with sudden, wild abandonment, in her sister’s arms.

When the storm of grief had spent itself she went away to her room alone. She would have no

one follow her.

There stood, facing the open window, a comfortable, roomy armchair. Into this she sank,

pressed down by a physical exhaustion that haunted her body and seemed to reach into her soul.

She could see in the open square before her house the tops of trees that were all aquiver with

the new spring life. The delicious breath of rain was in the air. In the street below a peddler was

crying his wares. The notes of a distant song which some one was singing reached her faintly,

and countless sparrows were twittering in the eaves.

There were patches of blue sky showing here and there through the clouds that had met and

piled one above the other in the west facing her window.

She sat with her head thrown back upon the cushion of the chair, quite motionless, except

when a sob came up into her throat and shook her, as a child who has cried itself to sleep

continues to sob in its dreams.

She was young, with a fair, calm face, whose lines bespoke repression and even a certain

strength. But now there was a dull stare in her eyes, whose gaze was fixed away off yonder on

one of those patches of blue sky. It was not a glance of reflection, but rather indicated a

suspension of intelligent thought.

Copyright © by Holt, Rinehart and Winston. All rights reserved.

Kate Chopin’s “The Story of an Hour” originally published 1894.

There was something coming to her and she was waiting for it, fearfully. What was it? She

did not know; it was too subtle and elusive to name. But she felt it, creeping out of the sky,

reaching toward her through the sounds, the scents, the color that filled the air.

Now her bosom rose and fell tumultuously. She was beginning to recognize this thing that

was approaching to possess her, and she was striving to beat it back with her will—as powerless

as her two white slender hands would have been.

When she abandoned herself a little whispered word escaped her slightly parted lips. She

said it over and over under her breath: “free, free, free!” The vacant stare and the look of terror

that had followed it went from her eyes. They stayed keen and bright. Her pulses beat fast, and

the coursing blood warmed and relaxed every inch of her body.

She did not stop to ask if it were or were not a monstrous joy that held her. A clear and

exalted perception enabled her to dismiss the suggestion as trivial.

She knew that she would weep again when she saw the kind, tender hands folded in death;

the face that had never looked save with love upon her, fixed and gray and dead. But she saw

beyond that bitter moment a long procession of years to come that would belong to her

absolutely. And she opened and spread her arms out to them in welcome.

There would be no one to live for her during those coming years; she would live for herself.

There would be no powerful will bending hers in that blind persistence with which men and

women believe they have a right to impose a private will upon a fellow-creature. A kind

intention or a cruel intention made the act seem no less a crime as she looked upon it in that brief

moment of illumination.

And yet she had loved him—sometimes. Often she had not. What did it matter! What could

love, the unsolved mystery, count for in the face of this possession of self-assertion which she

suddenly recognized as the strongest impulse of her being!

“Free! Body and soul free!” she kept whispering.

Josephine was kneeling before the closed door with her lips to the keyhole, imploring for

admission. “Louise, open the door! I beg; open the door—you will make yourself ill. What are

you doing, Louise? For heaven’s sake open the door.”

“Go away. I am not making myself ill.” No; she was drinking in a very elixir of life through

that open window.

Copyright © by Holt, Rinehart and Winston. All rights reserved.

Kate Chopin’s “The Story of an Hour” originally published 1894.

Her fancy was running riot along those days ahead of her. Spring days, and summer days,

and all sorts of days that would be her own. She breathed a quick prayer that life might be long.

It was only yesterday she had thought with a shudder that life might be long.

She arose at length and opened the door to her sister’s importunities. There was a feverish

triumph in her eyes, and she carried herself unwittingly like a goddess of Victory. She clasped

her sister’s waist, and together they descended the stairs. Richards stood waiting for them at the


Some one was opening the front door with a latchkey. It was Brently Mallard who entered, a

little travel-stained, composedly carrying his grip-sack and umbrella. He had been far from the

scene of the accident, and did not even know there had been one. He stood amazed at Josephine’s

piercing cry; at Richards’ quick motion to screen him from the view of his wife.

But Richards was too late.

When the doctors came they said she had died of heart disease—of joy that kills.

The Lottery–Shirley Jackson

“The Lottery” (1948)

by Shirley Jackson

The morning of June 27th was clear and sunny, with the fresh warmth of a full-summer day; the flowers
were blossoming profusely and the grass was richly green. The people of the village began to gather in
the square, between the post office and the bank, around ten o’clock; in some towns there were so many
people that the lottery took two days and had to be started on June 2th. but in this village, where there
were only about three hundred people, the whole lottery took less than two hours, so it could begin at ten
o’clock in the morning and still be through in time to allow the villagers to get home for noon dinner.

The children assembled first, of course. School was recently over for the summer, and the feeling of
liberty sat uneasily on most of them; they tended to gather together quietly for a while before they broke
into boisterous play. and their talk was still of the classroom and the teacher, of books and reprimands.
Bobby Martin had already stuffed his pockets full of stones, and the other boys soon followed his
example, selecting the smoothest and roundest stones; Bobby and Harry Jones and Dickie Delacroix– the
villagers pronounced this name “Dellacroy”–eventually made a great pile of stones in one corner of the
square and guarded it against the raids of the other boys. The girls stood aside, talking among themselves,
looking over their shoulders at rolled in the dust or clung to the hands of their older brothers or sisters.

Soon the men began to gather. surveying their own children, speaking of planting and rain, tractors and
taxes. They stood together, away from the pile of stones in the corner, and their jokes were quiet and they
smiled rather than laughed. The women, wearing faded house dresses and sweaters, came shortly after
their menfolk. They greeted one another and exchanged bits of gossip as they went to join their husbands.
Soon the women, standing by their husbands, began to call to their children, and the children came
reluctantly, having to be called four or five times. Bobby Martin ducked under his mother’s grasping hand
and ran, laughing, back to the pile of stones. His father spoke up sharply, and Bobby came quickly and
took his place between his father and his oldest brother.

The lottery was conducted–as were the square dances, the teen club, the Halloween program–by Mr.
Summers. who had time and energy to devote to civic activities. He was a round-faced, jovial man and he
ran the coal business, and people were sorry for him. because he had no children and his wife was a
scold. When he arrived in the square, carrying the black wooden box, there was a murmur of
conversation among the villagers, and he waved and called. “Little late today, folks.” The postmaster, Mr.
Graves, followed him, carrying a three- legged stool, and the stool was put in the center of the square and
Mr. Summers set the black box down on it. The villagers kept their distance, leaving a space between
themselves and the stool. and when Mr. Summers said, “Some of you fellows want to give me a hand?”
there was a hesitation before two men. Mr. Martin and his oldest son, Baxter. came forward to hold the
box steady on the stool while Mr. Summers stirred up the papers inside it.

The original paraphernalia for the lottery had been lost long ago, and the black box now resting on the
stool had been put into use even before Old Man Warner, the oldest man in town, was born. Mr.
Summers spoke frequently to the villagers about making a new box, but no one liked to upset even as
much tradition as was represented by the black box. There was a story that the present box had been
made with some pieces of the box that had preceded it, the one that had been constructed when the first
people settled down to make a village here. Every year, after the lottery, Mr. Summers began talking
again about a new box, but every year the subject was allowed to fade off without anything’s being done.

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The Lottery–Shirley Jackson

The black box grew shabbier each year: by now it was no longer completely black but splintered badly
along one side to show the original wood color, and in some places faded or stained.

Mr. Martin and his oldest son, Baxter, held the black box securely on the stool until Mr. Summers had
stirred the papers thoroughly with his hand. Because so much of the ritual had been forgotten or
discarded, Mr. Summers had been successful in having slips of paper substituted for the chips of wood
that had been used for generations. Chips of wood, Mr. Summers had argued. had been all very well
when the village was tiny, but now that the population was more than three hundred and likely to keep on
growing, it was necessary to use something that would fit more easily into he black box. The night before
the lottery, Mr. Summers and Mr. Graves made up the slips of paper and put them in the box, and it was
then taken to the safe of Mr. Summers’ coal company and locked up until Mr. Summers was ready to take
it to the square next morning. The rest of the year, the box was put way, sometimes one place, sometimes
another; it had spent one year in Mr. Graves’s barn and another year underfoot in the post office. and
sometimes it was set on a shelf in the Martin grocery and left there.

There was a great deal of fussing to be done before Mr. Summers declared the lottery open. There were
the lists to make up–of heads of families. heads of households in each family. members of each
household in each family. There was the proper swearing-in of Mr. Summers by the postmaster, as the
official of the lottery; at one time, some people remembered, there had been a recital of some sort,
performed by the official of the lottery, a perfunctory. tuneless chant that had been rattled off duly each
year; some people believed that the official of the lottery used to stand just so when he said or sang it,
others believed that he was supposed to walk among the people, but years and years ago this p3rt of the
ritual had been allowed to lapse. There had been, also, a ritual salute, which the official of the lottery had
had to use in addressing each person who came up to draw from the box, but this also had changed with
time, until now it was felt necessary only for the official to speak to each person approaching. Mr.
Summers was very good at all this; in his clean white shirt and blue jeans. with one hand resting
carelessly on the black box. he seemed very proper and important as he talked interminably to Mr. Graves
and the Martins.

Just as Mr. Summers finally left off talking and turned to the assembled villagers, Mrs. Hutchinson came
hurriedly along the path to the square, her sweater thrown over her shoulders, and slid into place in the
back of the crowd. “Clean forgot what day it was,” she said to Mrs. Delacroix, who stood next to her, and
they both laughed softly. “Thought my old man was out back stacking wood,” Mrs. Hutchinson went on.
“and then I looked out the window and the kids was gone, and then I remembered it was the twenty-
seventh and came a-running.” She dried her hands on her apron, and Mrs. Delacroix said, “You’re in time,
though. They’re still talking away up there.”

Mrs. Hutchinson craned her neck to see through the crowd and found her husband and children standing
near the front. She tapped Mrs. Delacroix on the arm as a farewell and began to make her way through
the crowd. The people separated good-humoredly to let her through: two or three people said. in voices
just loud enough to be heard across the crowd, “Here comes your, Missus, Hutchinson,” and “Bill, she
made it after all.” Mrs. Hutchinson reached her husband, and Mr. Summers, who had been waiting, said
cheerfully. “Thought we were going to have to get on without you, Tessie.” Mrs. Hutchinson said.
grinning, “Wouldn’t have me leave m’dishes in the sink, now, would you. Joe?,” and soft laughter ran
through the crowd as the people stirred back into position after Mrs. Hutchinson’s arrival.

“Well, now.” Mr. Summers said soberly, “guess we better get started, get this over with, so’s we can go
back to work. Anybody ain’t here?”

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The Lottery–Shirley Jackson

“Dunbar.” several people said. “Dunbar. Dunbar.”

Mr. Summers consulted his list. “Clyde Dunbar.” he said. “That’s right. He’s broke his leg, hasn’t he?
Who’s drawing for him?”

“Me. I guess,” a woman said. and Mr. Summers turned to look at her. “Wife draws for her husband.” Mr.
Summers said. “Don’t you have a grown boy to do it for you, Janey?” Although Mr. Summers and
everyone else in the village knew the answer perfectly well, it was the business of the official of the
lottery to ask such questions formally. Mr. Summers waited with an expression of polite interest while
Mrs. Dunbar answered.

“Horace’s not but sixteen vet.” Mrs. Dunbar said regretfully. “Guess I gotta fill in for the old man this

“Right.” Sr. Summers said. He made a note on the list he was holding. Then he asked, “Watson boy
drawing this year?”

A tall boy in the crowd raised his hand. “Here,” he said. “I’m drawing for my mother and me.” He blinked
his eyes nervously and ducked his head as several voices in the crowd said thin#s like “Good fellow,
lack.” and “Glad to see your mother’s got a man to do it.”

“Well,” Mr. Summers said, “guess that’s everyone. Old Man Warner make it?”

“Here,” a voice said. and Mr. Summers nodded.

A sudden hush fell on the crowd as Mr. Summers cleared his throat and looked at the list. “All ready?” he
called. “Now, I’ll read the names–heads of families first–and the men come up and take a paper out of
the box. Keep the paper folded in your hand without looking at it until everyone has had a turn.
Everything clear?”

The people had done it so many times that they only half listened to the directions: most of them were
quiet. wetting their lips. not looking around. Then Mr. Summers raised one hand high and said, “Adams.”
A man disengaged himself from the crowd and came forward. “Hi. Steve.” Mr. Summers said. and Mr.
Adams said. “Hi. Joe.” They grinned at one another humorlessly and nervously. Then Mr. Adams reached
into the black box and took out a folded paper. He held it firmly by one corner as he turned and went
hastily back to his place in the crowd. where he stood a little apart from his family. not looking down at
his hand.

“Allen.” Mr. Summers said. “Anderson…. Bentham.”

“Seems like there’s no time at all between lotteries any more.” Mrs. Delacroix said to Mrs. Graves in the
back row.

“Seems like we got through with the last one only last week.”

“Time sure goes fast.– Mrs. Graves said.

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The Lottery–Shirley Jackson

“Clark…. Delacroix”

“There goes my old man.” Mrs. Delacroix said. She held her breath while her husband went forward.

“Dunbar,” Mr. Summers said, and Mrs. Dunbar went steadily to the box while one of the women said.
“Go on. Janey,” and another said, “There she goes.”

“We’re next.” Mrs. Graves said. She watched while Mr. Graves came around from the side of the box,
greeted Mr. Summers gravely and selected a slip of paper from the box. By now, all through the crowd
there were men holding the small folded papers in their large hand. turning them over and over nervously
Mrs. Dunbar and her two sons stood together, Mrs. Dunbar holding the slip of paper.

“Harburt…. Hutchinson.”

“Get up there, Bill,” Mrs. Hutchinson said. and the people near her laughed.


“They do say,” Mr. Adams said to Old Man Warner, who stood next to him, “that over in the north
village they’re talking of giving up the lottery.”

Old Man Warner snorted. “Pack of crazy fools,” he said. “Listening to the young folks, nothing’s good
enough for them. Next thing you know, they’ll be wanting to go back to living in caves, nobody work any
more, live hat way for a while. Used to be a saying about ‘Lottery in June, corn be heavy soon.’ First thing
you know, we’d all be eating stewed chickweed and acorns. There’s always been a lottery,” he added
petulantly. “Bad enough to see young Joe Summers up there joking with everybody.”

“Some places have already quit lotteries.” Mrs. Adams said.

“Nothing but trouble in that,” Old Man Warner said stoutly. “Pack of young fools.”

“Martin.” And Bobby Martin watched his father go forward. “Overdyke…. Percy.”

“I wish they’d hurry,” Mrs. Dunbar said to her older son. “I wish they’d hurry.”

“They’re almost through,” her son said.

“You get ready to run tell Dad,” Mrs. Dunbar said.

Mr. Summers called his own name and then stepped forward precisely and selected a slip from the box.
Then he called, “Warner.”

“Seventy-seventh year I been in the lottery,” Old Man Warner said as he went through the crowd.
“Seventy-seventh time.”

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The Lottery–Shirley Jackson

“Watson” The tall boy came awkwardly through the crowd. Someone said, “Don’t be nervous, Jack,” and
Mr. Summers said, “Take your time, son.”


After that, there was a long pause, a breathless pause, until Mr. Summers. holding his slip of paper in the
air, said, “All right, fellows.” For a minute, no one moved, and then all the slips of paper were opened.
Suddenly, all the women began to speak at once, saving. “Who is it?,” “Who’s got it?,” “Is it the
Dunbars?,” “Is it the Watsons?” Then the voices began to say, “It’s Hutchinson. It’s Bill,” “Bill
Hutchinson’s got it.”

“Go tell your father,” Mrs. Dunbar said to her older son.

People began to look around to see the Hutchinsons. Bill Hutchinson was standing quiet, staring down at
the paper in his hand. Suddenly. Tessie Hutchinson shouted to Mr. Summers. “You didn’t give him time
enough to take any paper he wanted. I saw you. It wasn’t fair!”

“Be a good sport, Tessie.” Mrs. Delacroix called, and Mrs. Graves said, “All of us took the same chance.”

“Shut up, Tessie,” Bill Hutchinson said.

“Well, everyone,” Mr. Summers said, “that was done pretty fast, and now we’ve got to be hurrying a little
more to get done in time.” He consulted his next list. “Bill,” he said, “you draw for the Hutchinson
family. You got any other households in the Hutchinsons?”

“There’s Don and Eva,” Mrs. Hutchinson yelled. “Make them take their chance!”

“Daughters draw with their husbands’ families, Tessie,” Mr. Summers said gently. “You know that as
well as anyone else.”

“It wasn’t fair,” Tessie said.

“I guess not, Joe.” Bill Hutchinson said regretfully. “My daughter draws with her husband’s family; that’s
only fair. And I’ve got no other family except the kids.”

“Then, as far as drawing for families is concerned, it’s you,” Mr. Summers said in explanation, “and as far
as drawing for households is concerned, that’s you, too. Right?”

“Right,” Bill Hutchinson said.

“How many kids, Bill?” Mr. Summers asked formally.

“Three,” Bill Hutchinson said.

“There’s Bill, Jr., and Nancy, and little Dave. And Tessie and me.”

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The Lottery–Shirley Jackson

“All right, then,” Mr. Summers said. “Harry, you got their tickets back?”

Mr. Graves nodded and held up the slips of paper. “Put them in the box, then,” Mr. Summers directed.
“Take Bill’s and put it in.”

“I think we ought to start over,” Mrs. Hutchinson said, as quietly as she could. “I tell you it wasn’t fair.
You didn’t give him time enough to choose. Everybody saw that.”

Mr. Graves had selected the five slips and put them in the box. and he dropped all the papers but those
onto the ground. where the breeze caught them and lifted them off.

“Listen, everybody,” Mrs. Hutchinson was saying to the people around her.

“Ready, Bill?” Mr. Summers asked. and Bill Hutchinson, with one quick glance around at his wife and
children. nodded.

“Remember,” Mr. Summers said. “take the slips and keep them folded until each person has taken one.
Harry, you help little Dave.” Mr. Graves took the hand of the little boy, who came willingly with him up
to the box. “Take a paper out of the box, Davy.” Mr. Summers said. Davy put his hand into the box and
laughed. “Take just one paper.” Mr. Summers said. “Harry, you hold it for him.” Mr. Graves took the
child’s hand and removed the folded paper from the tight fist and held it while little Dave stood next to
him and looked up at him wonderingly.

“Nancy next,” Mr. Summers said. Nancy was twelve, and her school friends breathed heavily as she went
forward switching her skirt, and took a slip daintily from the box “Bill, Jr.,” Mr. Summers said, and Billy,
his face red and his feet overlarge, near knocked the box over as he got a paper out. “Tessie,” Mr.
Summers said. She hesitated for a minute, looking around defiantly. and then set her lips and went up to
the box. She snatched a paper out and held it behind her.

“Bill,” Mr. Summers said, and Bill Hutchinson reached into the box and felt around, bringing his hand
out at last with the slip of paper in it.

The crowd was quiet. A girl whispered, “I hope it’s not Nancy,” and the sound of the whisper reached the
edges of the crowd.

“It’s not the way it used to be.” Old Man Warner said clearly. “People ain’t the way they used to be.”

“All right,” Mr. Summers said. “Open the papers. Harry, you open little Dave’s.”

Mr. Graves opened the slip of paper and there was a general sigh through the crowd as he held it up and
everyone could see that it was blank. Nancy and Bill. Jr.. opened theirs at the same time. and both
beamed and laughed. turning around to the crowd and holding their slips of paper above their heads.

“Tessie,” Mr. Summers said. There was a pause, and then Mr. Summers looked at Bill Hutchinson, and
Bill unfolded his paper and showed it. It was blank.

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The Lottery–Shirley Jackson

“It’s Tessie,” Mr. Summers said, and his voice was hushed. “Show us her paper. Bill.”

Bill Hutchinson went over to his wife and forced the slip of paper out of her hand. It had a black spot on
it, the black spot Mr. Summers had made the night before with the heavy pencil in the coal company
office. Bill Hutchinson held it up, and there was a stir in the crowd.

“All right, folks.” Mr. Summers said. “Let’s finish quickly.”

Although the villagers had forgotten the ritual and lost the original black box, they still remembered to
use stones. The pile of stones the boys had made earlier was ready; there were stones on the ground with
the blowing scraps of paper that had come out of the box Delacroix selected a stone so large she had to
pick it up with both hands and turned to Mrs. Dunbar. “Come on,” she said. “Hurry up.”

Mr. Dunbar had small stones in both hands, and she said. gasping for breath. “I can’t run at all. You’ll
have to go ahead and I’ll catch up with you.”

The children had stones already. And someone gave little Davy Hutchinson few pebbles.

Tessie Hutchinson was in the center of a cleared space by now, and she held her hands out desperately as
the villagers moved in on her. “It isn’t fair,” she said. A stone hit her on the side of the head. Old Man
Warner was saying, “Come on, come on, everyone.” Steve Adams was in the front of the crowd of
villagers, with Mrs. Graves beside him.

“It isn’t fair, it isn’t right,” Mrs. Hutchinson screamed, and then they were upon her.
Discussion Questions:

1. Were you surprised by the ending of the story? If not, at what point did you know what was going to happen? How does
Jackson start to foreshadow the ending in paragraphs 2 and 3? Conversely, how does Jackson lull us into thinking that this is
just an ordinary story with an ordinary town?

2. Where does the story take place? In what way does the setting affect the story? Does it make you more or less likely to
anticipate the ending?

3. In what ways are the characters differentiated from one another? Looking back at the story, can you see why Tessie
Hutchinson is singled out as the “winner”?

4. What are some examples of irony in this story? For example, why might the title, “The Lottery,” or the opening description
in paragraph one, be considered ironic?

5. Jackson gives interesting names to a number of her characters. Explain the possible allusions, irony or symbolism of some
of these:

● Delacroix
● Graves
● Summers
● Bentham
● Hutchinson

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The Lottery–Shirley Jackson

● Warner
● Martin

7. Take a close look at Jackson’s description of the black wooden box (paragraph 5) and of the black spot on the fatal slip of
paper (paragraph 72). What do these objects suggest to you? Why is the black box described as “battered”? Are there any other
symbols in the story?

8. What do you understand to be the writer’s own attitude toward the lottery and the stoning? Exactly what in the story makes
her attitude clear to us?

9. This story satirizes a number of social issues, including the reluctance of people to reject outdated traditions, ideas, rules,
laws, and practices. What kinds of traditions, practices, laws, etc. might “The Lottery” represent?

10. This story was published in 1948, just after World War II. What other cultural or historical events, attitudes, institutions, or
rituals might Jackson be satirizing in this story?

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  • Local Disk
  • The Lottery–Shirley Jackson


Flannery O’Connor, ‘A Good Man is Hard to Find’

THE GRANDMOTHER didn’t want to go to Florida. She wanted to visit some of her

connections in east Tennessee and she was seizing at every chance to change Bailey’s mind.

Bailey was the son she lived with, her only boy. He was sitting on the edge of his chair at the

table, bent over the orange sports section of the Journal. “Now look here, Bailey,” she said,

“see here, read this,” and she stood with one hand on her thin hip and the other rattling the

newspaper at his bald head. “Here this fellow that calls himself The Misfit is aloose from the

Federal Pen and headed toward Florida and you read here what it says he did to these people.

Just you read it. I wouldn’t take my children in any direction with a criminal like that aloose in

it. I couldn’t answer to my conscience if I did.”

Bailey didn’t look up from his reading so she wheeled around then and faced the

children’s mother, a young woman in slacks, whose face was as broad and innocent as a

cabbage and was tied around with a green head-kerchief that had two points on the top like

rabbit’s ears. She was sitting on the sofa, feeding the baby his apricots out of a jar. “The

children have been to Florida before,” the old lady said. “You all ought to take them somewhere

else for a change so they would see different parts of the world and be broad. They never have

been to east Tennessee.”

The children’s mother didn’t seem to hear her but the eight-year-old boy, John Wesley,

a stocky child with glasses, said, “If you don’t want to go to Florida, why dontcha stay at

home?” He and the little girl, June Star, were reading the funny papers on the floor.

“She wouldn’t stay at home to be queen for a day,” June Star said without raising her

yellow head.

“Yes and what would you do if this fellow, The Misfit, caught you?” the grandmother


“I’d smack his face,” John Wesley said.

“She wouldn’t stay at home for a million bucks,” June Star said. “Afraid she’d miss

something. She has to go everywhere we go.”

“All right, Miss,” the grandmother said. “Just remember that the next time you want me
to curl your hair.”

June Star said her hair was naturally curly.

The next morning the grandmother was the first one in the car, ready to go. She had her

big black valise that looked like the head of a hippopotamus in one corner, and underneath it

she was hiding a basket with Pitty Sing, the cat, in it. She didn’t intend for the cat to be left

alone in the house for three days because he would miss her too much and she was afraid he

might brush against one of her gas burners and accidentally asphyxiate himself. Her son,

Bailey, didn’t like to arrive at a motel with a cat.


She sat in the middle of the back seat with John Wesley and June Star on either side of

her. Bailey and the children’s mother and the baby sat in front and they left Atlanta at eight

forty-five with the mileage on the car at 55890. The grandmother wrote this down because she

thought it would be interesting to say how many miles they had been when they got back. It

took them twenty minutes to reach the outskirts of the city.

The old lady settled herself comfortably, removing her white cotton gloves and putting

them up with her purse on the shelf in front of the back window. The children’s mother still

had on slacks and still had her head tied up in a green kerchief, but the grandmother had on a

navy blue straw sailor hat with a bunch of white violets on the brim and a navy blue dress with

a small white dot in the print. Her collars and cuffs were white organdy trimmed with lace and

at her neckline she had pinned a purple spray of cloth violets containing a sachet. In case of an

accident, anyone seeing her dead on the highway would know at once that she was a lady.

She said she thought it was going to be a good day for driving, neither too hot nor too

cold, and she cautioned Bailey that the speed limit was fifty-five miles an hour and that the

patrolmen hid themselves behind billboards and small clumps of trees and sped out after you

before you had a chance to slow down. She pointed out interesting details of the scenery: Stone

Mountain; the blue granite that in some places came up to both sides of the highway; the

brilliant red clay banks slightly streaked with purple; and the various crops that made rows of

green lace-work on the ground. The trees were full of silver-white sunlight and the meanest of

them sparkled. The children were reading comic magazines and their mother and gone back to


“Let’s go through Georgia fast so we won’t have to look at it much,” John Wesley said.

“If I were a little boy,” said the grandmother, “I wouldn’t talk about my native state that

way. Tennessee has the mountains and Georgia has the hills.”

“Tennessee is just a hillbilly dumping ground,” John Wesley said, “and Georgia is a

lousy state too.”

“You said it,” June Star said.

“In my time,” said the grandmother, folding her thin veined fingers, “children were

more respectful of their native states and their parents and everything else. People did right

then. Oh look at the cute little pickaninny!” she said and pointed to a Negro child standing in

the door of a shack. “Wouldn’t that make a picture, now?” she asked and they all turned and

looked at the little Negro out of the back window. He waved.

“He didn’t have any britches on,” June Star said.

“He probably didn’t have any,” the grandmother explained. “Little riggers in the country

don’t have things like we do. If I could paint, I’d paint that picture,” she said.

The children exchanged comic books.


The grandmother offered to hold the baby and the children’s mother passed him over

the front seat to her. She set him on her knee and bounced him and told him about the things

they were passing. She rolled her eyes and screwed up her mouth and stuck her leathery thin

face into his smooth bland one. Occasionally he gave her a faraway smile. They passed a large

cotton field with five or fix graves fenced in the middle of it, like a small island. “Look at the

graveyard!” the grandmother said, pointing it out. “That was the old family burying ground.

That belonged to the plantation.”

“Where’s the plantation?” John Wesley asked.

“Gone With the Wind,” said the grandmother. “Ha. Ha.”

When the children finished all the comic books they had brought, they opened the lunch

and ate it. The grandmother ate a peanut butter sandwich and an olive and would not let the

children throw the box and the paper napkins out the window. When there was nothing else to

do they played a game by choosing a cloud and making the other two guess what shape it

suggested. John Wesley took one the shape of a cow and June Star guessed a cow and John

Wesley said, no, an automobile, and June Star said he didn’t play fair, and they began to slap

each other over the grand


The grandmother said she would tell them a story if they would keep quiet. When she

told a story, she rolled her eyes and waved her head and was very dramatic. She said once

when she was a maiden lady she had been courted by a Mr. Edgar Atkins Teagarden from

Jasper, Georgia. She said he was a very good-looking man and a gentleman and that he

brought her a watermelon every Saturday afternoon with his initials cut in it, E. A. T. Well, one

Saturday, she said, Mr. Teagarden brought the watermelon and there was nobody at home and

he left it on the front porch and returned in his buggy to Jasper, but she never got the

watermelon, she said, because a nigger boy ate it when he saw the initials, E. A. T. ! This story

tickled John Wesley’s funny bone and he giggled and giggled but June Star didn’t think it was

any good. She said she wouldn’t marry a man that just brought her a watermelon on Saturday.

The grandmother said she would have done well to marry Mr. Teagarden because he was a

gentle man and had bought Coca-Cola stock when it first came out and that he had died only a

few years ago, a very wealthy man.

They stopped at The Tower for barbecued sandwiches. The Tower was a part stucco and

part wood filling station and dance hall set in a clearing outside of Timothy. A fat man named

Red Sammy Butts ran it and there were signs stuck here and there on the building and for

miles up and down the highway saying, TRY RED SAMMY’S FAMOUS BARBECUE. NONE



Red Sammy was lying on the bare ground outside The Tower with his head under a

truck while a gray monkey about a foot high, chained to a small chinaberry tree, chattered

nearby. The monkey sprang back into the tree and got on the highest limb as soon as he saw

the children jump out of the car and run toward him.


Inside, The Tower was a long dark room with a counter at one end and tables at the

other and dancing space in the middle. They all sat down at a board table next to the

nickelodeon and Red Sam’s wife, a tall burnt-brown woman with hair and eyes lighter than her

skin, came and took their order. The children’s mother put a dime in the machine and played

“The Tennessee Waltz,” and the grandmother said that tune always made her want to dance.

She asked Bailey if he would like to dance but he only glared at her. He didn’t have a naturally

sunny disposition like she did and trips made him nervous. The grandmother’s brown eyes

were very bright. She swayed her head from side to side and pretended she was dancing in her

chair. June Star said play something she could tap to so the children’s mother put in another

dime and played a fast number and June Star stepped out onto the dance floor and did her tap


“Ain’t she cute?” Red Sam’s wife said, leaning over the counter. “Would you like to come

be my little girl?”

“No I certainly wouldn’t,” June Star said. “I wouldn’t live in a broken-down place like

this for a million bucks!” and she ran back to the table.

“Ain’t she cute?” the woman repeated, stretching her mouth politely.

“Arn’t you ashamed?” hissed the grandmother.

Red Sam came in and told his wife to quit lounging on the counter and hurry up with

these people’s order. His khaki trousers reached just to his hip bones and his stomach hung

over them like a sack of meal swaying under his shirt. He came over and sat down at a table

nearby and let out a combination sigh and yodel. “You can’t win,” he said. “You can’t win,” and

he wiped his sweating red face off with a gray handkerchief. “These days you don’t know who

to trust,” he said. “Ain’t that the truth?”

“People are certainly not nice like they used to be,” said the grandmother.

“Two fellers come in here last week,” Red Sammy said, “driving a Chrysler. It was a old

beat-up car but it was a good one and these boys looked all right to me. Said they worked at the

mill and you know I let them fellers charge the gas they bought? Now why did I do that?”

“Because you’re a good man!” the grandmother said at once.

“Yes’m, I suppose so,” Red Sam said as if he were struck with this answer.

His wife brought the orders, carrying the five plates all at once without a tray, two in

each hand and one balanced on her arm. “It isn’t a soul in this green world of God’s that you

can trust,” she said. “And I don’t count nobody out of that, not nobody,” she repeated, looking

at Red Sammy.

“Did you read about that criminal, The Misfit, that’s escaped?” asked the grandmother.


“I wouldn’t be a bit surprised if he didn’t attack this place right here,” said the woman.

“If he hears about it being here, I wouldn’t be none surprised to see him. If he hears it’s two

cent in the cash register, I wouldn’t be a tall surprised if he . . .”

“That’ll do,” Red Sam said. “Go bring these people their Co’-Colas,” and the woman

went off to get the rest of the order.

“A good man is hard to find,” Red Sammy said. “Everything is getting terrible. I

remember the day you could go off and leave your screen door unlatched. Not no more.”

He and the grandmother discussed better times. The old lady said that in her opinion

Europe was entirely to blame for the way things were now. She said the way Europe acted you

would think we were made of money and Red Sam said it was no use talking about it, she was

exactly right. The children ran outside into the white sunlight and looked at the monkey in the

lacy chinaberry tree. He was busy catching fleas on himself and biting each one carefully

between his teeth as if it were a delicacy.

They drove off again into the hot afternoon. The grandmother took cat naps and woke

up every few minutes with her own snoring. Outside of Toombsboro she woke up and recalled

an old plantation that she had visited in this neighborhood once when she was a young lady.

She said the house had six white columns across the front and that there was an avenue of oaks

leading up to it and two little wooden trellis arbors on either side in front where you sat down

with your suitor after a stroll in the garden. She recalled exactly which road to turn off to get to

it. She knew that Bailey would not be willing to lose any time looking at an old house, but the

more she talked about it, the more she wanted to see it once again and find out if the little twin

arbors were still standing. “There was a secret panel in this house,” she said craftily, not telling

the truth but wishing that she were, “and the story went that all the family silver was hidden in

it when Sherman came through but it was never found . . .”

“Hey!” John Wesley said. “Let’s go see it! We’ll find it! We’ll poke all the woodwork and

find it! Who lives there? Where do you turn off at? Hey Pop, can’t we turn off there?”

“We never have seen a house with a secret panel!” June Star shrieked. “Let’s go to the

house with the secret panel! Hey Pop, can’t we go see the house with the secret panel!”

“It’s not far from here, I know,” the grandmother said. “It wouldn’t take over twenty


Bailey was looking straight ahead. His jaw was as rigid as a horseshoe. “No,” he said.

The children began to yell and scream that they wanted to see the house with the secret

panel. John Wesley kicked the back of the front seat and June Star hung over her mother’s

shoulder and whined desperately into her ear that they never had any fun even on their

vacation, that they could never do what THEY wanted to do. The baby began to scream and

John Wesley kicked the back of the seat so hard that his father could feel the blows in his



“All right!” he shouted and drew the car to a stop at the side of the road. “Will you all

shut up? Will you all just shut up for one second? If you don’t shut up, we won’t go anywhere.”

“It would be very educational for them,” the grandmother murmured.

“All right,” Bailey said, “but get this: this is the only time we’re going to stop for

anything like this. This is the one and only time.”

“The dirt road that you have to turn down is about a mile back,” the grandmother

directed. “I marked it when we passed.”

“A dirt road,” Bailey groaned.

After they had turned around and were headed toward the dirt road, the grandmother

recalled other points about the house, the beautiful glass over the front doorway and the

candle-lamp in the hall. John Wesley said that the secret panel was probably in the fireplace.

“You can’t go inside this house,” Bailey said. “You don’t know who lives there.”

“While you all talk to the people in front, I’ll run around behind and get in a window,”

John Wesley suggested.

“We’ll all stay in the car,” his mother said.

They turned onto the dirt road and the car raced roughly along in a swirl of pink dust.

The grandmother recalled the times when there were no paved roads and thirty miles was a

day’s journey. The dirt road was hilly and there were sudden washes in it and sharp curves on

dangerous embankments. All at once they would be on a hill, looking down over the blue tops

of trees for miles around, then the next minute, they would be in a red depression with the

dust-coated trees looking down on them.

“This place had better turn up in a minute,” Bailey said, “or I’m going to turn around.”

The road looked as if no one had traveled on it in months.

“It’s not much farther,” the grandmother said and just as she said it, a horrible thought

came to her. The thought was so embarrassing that she turned red in the face and her eyes

dilated and her feet jumped up, upsetting her valise in the corner. The instant the valise

moved, the newspaper top she had over the basket under it rose with a snarl and Pitty Sing, the

cat, sprang onto Bailey’s shoulder.

The children were thrown to the floor and their mother, clutching the baby, was thrown

out the door onto the ground; the old lady was thrown into the front seat. The car turned over

once and landed right-side-up in a gulch off the side of the road. Bailey remained in the

driver’s seat with the cat gray-striped with a broad white face and an orange nose clinging to

his neck like a caterpillar.

As soon as the children saw they could move their arms and legs, they scrambled out of

the car, shouting, “We’ve had an ACCIDENT!” The grandmother was curled up under the


dashboard, hoping she was injured so that Bailey’s wrath would not come down on her all at

once. The horrible thought she had had before the accident was that the house she had

remembered so vividly was not in Georgia but in Tennessee.

Bailey removed the cat from his neck with both hands and flung it out the window

against the side of a pine tree. Then he got out of the car and started looking for the children’s

mother. She was sitting against the side of the red gutted ditch, holding the screaming baby,

but she only had a cut down her face and a broken shoulder. “We’ve had an ACCIDENT!” the

children screamed in a frenzy of delight.

“But nobody’s killed,” June Star said with disappointment as the grandmother limped

out of the car, her hat still pinned to her head but the broken front brim standing up at a jaunty

angle and the violet spray hanging off the side. They all sat down in the ditch, except the

children, to recover from the shock. They were all shaking.

“Maybe a car will come along,” said the children’s mother hoarsely.

“I believe I have injured an organ,” said the grandmother, pressing her side, but no one

answered her. Bailey’s teeth were clattering. He had on a yellow sport shirt with bright blue

parrots designed in it and his face was as yellow as the shirt. The grandmother decided that she

would not mention that the house was in Tennessee.

The road was about ten feet above and they could see only the tops of the trees on the

other side of it. Behind the ditch they were sitting in there were more woods, tall and dark and

deep. In a few minutes they saw a car some distance away on top of a hill, coming slowly as if

the occupants were watching them. The grandmother stood up and waved both arms

dramatically to attract their attention. The car continued to come on slowly, disappeared

around a bend and appeared again, moving even slower, on top of the hill they had gone over.

It was a big black battered hearse-like automobile. There were three men in


It came to a stop just over them and for some minutes, the driver looked down with a

steady expressionless gaze to where they were sitting, and didn’t speak. Then he turned his

head and muttered something to the other two and they got out. One was a fat boy in black

trousers and a red sweat shirt with a silver stallion embossed on the front of it. He moved

around on the right side of them and stood staring, his mouth partly open in a kind of loose

grin. The other had on khaki pants and a blue striped coat and a gray hat pulled down very low,

hiding most of his face. He came around slowly on the left side. Neither spoke.

The driver got out of the car and stood by the side of it, looking down at them. He was

an older man than the other two. His hair was just beginning to gray and he wore silver-

rimmed spectacles that gave him a scholarly look. He had a long creased face and didn’t have

on any shirt or undershirt. He had on blue jeans that were too tight for him and was holding a

black hat and a gun. The two boys also had guns.

“We’ve had an ACCIDENT!” the children screamed.


The grandmother had the peculiar feeling that the bespectacled man was someone she

knew. His face was as familiar to her as if she had known him all her life but she could not

recall who he was. He moved away from the car and began to come down the embankment,

placing his feet carefully so that he wouldn’t slip. He had on tan and white shoes and no socks,

and his ankles were red and thin. “Good afternoon,” he said. “I see you all had you a little spill.”

“We turned over twice!” said the grandmother.

“Oncet”, he corrected. “We seen it happen. Try their car and see will it run, Hiram,” he

said quietly to the boy with the gray hat.

“What you got that gun for?” John Wesley asked. “Whatcha gonna do with that gun?”

“Lady,” the man said to the children’s mother, “would you mind calling them children to

sit down by you? Children make me nervous. I want all you all to sit down right together there

where you’re at.”

“What are you telling US what to do for?” June Star asked.

Behind them the line of woods gaped like a dark open mouth. “Come here,” said their


“Look here now,” Bailey began suddenly, “we’re in a predicament! We’re in . . .”

The grandmother shrieked. She scrambled to her feet and stood staring. “You’re The

Misfit!” she said. “I recognized you at once!”

“Yes’m,” the man said, smiling slightly as if he were pleased in spite of himself to be

known, “but it would have been better for all of you, lady, if you hadn’t of reckernized me.”

Bailey turned his head sharply and said something to his mother that shocked even the

children. The old lady began to cry and The Misfit reddened.

“Lady,” he said, “don’t you get upset. Sometimes a man says things he don’t mean. I

don’t reckon he meant to talk to you thataway.”

“You wouldn’t shoot a lady, would you?” the grandmother said and removed a clean

handkerchief from her cuff and began to slap at her eyes with it.

The Misfit pointed the toe of his shoe into the ground and made a little hole and then

covered it up again. “I would hate to have to,” he said.

“Listen,” the grandmother almost screamed, “I know you’re a good man. You don’t look

a bit like you have common blood. I know you must come from nice people!”

“Yes mam,” he said, “finest people in the world.” When he smiled he showed a row of

strong white teeth. “God never made a finer woman than my mother and my daddy’s heart was

pure gold,” he said. The boy with the red sweat shirt had come around behind them and was

standing with his gun at his hip. The Misfit squatted down on the ground. “Watch them


children, Bobby Lee,” he said. “You know they make me nervous.” He looked at the six of them

huddled together in front of him and he seemed to be embarrassed as if he couldn’t think of

anything to say. “Ain’t a cloud in the sky,” he remarked, looking up at it. “Don’t see no sun but

don’t see no cloud neither.”

“Yes, it’s a beautiful day,” said the grandmother. “Listen,” she said, “you shouldn’t call

yourself The Misfit because I know you’re a good man at heart. I can just look at you and tell.”

“Hush!” Bailey yelled. “Hush! Everybody shut up and let me handle this!” He was

squatting in the position of a runner about to sprint forward but he didn’t move.

“I pre-chate that, lady,” The Misfit said and drew a little circle in the ground with the

butt of his gun.

“It’ll take a half a hour to fix this here car,” Hiram called, looking over the raised hood of


“Well, first you and Bobby Lee get him and that little boy to step over yonder with you,”

The Misfit said, pointing to Bailey and John Wesley. “The boys want to ast you something,” he

said to Bailey. “Would you mind stepping back in them woods there with them?”

“Listen,” Bailey began, “we’re in a terrible predicament! Nobody realizes what this is,”

and his voice cracked. His eyes were as blue and intense as the parrots in his shirt and he

remained perfectly still.

The grandmother reached up to adjust her hat brim as if she were going to the woods

with him but it came off in her hand. She stood staring at it and after a second she let it fall on

the ground. Hiram pulled Bailey up by the arm as if he were assisting an old man. John Wesley

caught hold of his father’s hand and Bobby Lee followed. They went off toward the woods and

just as they reached the dark edge, Bailey turned and supporting himself against a gray naked

pine trunk, he shouted, “I’ll be back in a minute, Mamma, wait on me!”

“Come back this instant!” his mother shrilled but they all disappeared into the woods.

“Bailey Boy!” the grandmother called in a tragic voice but she found she was looking at

The Misfit squatting on the ground in front of her. “I just know you’re a good man,” she said

desperately. “You’re not a bit common!”

“Nome, I ain’t a good man,” The Misfit said after a second ah if he had considered her

statement carefully, “but I ain’t the worst in the world neither. My daddy said I was a different

breed of dog from my brothers and sisters. ‘You know,’ Daddy said, ‘it’s some that can live their

whole life out without asking about it and it’s others has to know why it is, and this boy is one

of the latters. He’s going to be into everything!”‘ He put on his black hat and looked up

suddenly and then away deep into the woods as if he were embarrassed again. “I’m sorry I

don’t have on a shirt before you ladies,” he said, hunching his shoulders slightly. “We buried

our clothes that we had on when we escaped and we’re just making do until we can get better.

We borrowed these from some folks we met,” he explained.


“That’s perfectly all right,” the grandmother said. “Maybe Bailey has an extra shirt in his


“I’ll look and see terrectly,” The Misfit said.

“Where are they taking him?” the children’s mother screamed.

“Daddy was a card himself,” The Misfit said. “You couldn’t put anything over on him. He

never got in trouble with the Authorities though. Just had the knack of handling them.”

“You could be honest too if you’d only try,” said the grandmother. “Think how

wonderful it would be to settle down and live a comfortable life and not have to think about

somebody chasing you all the time.”

The Misfit kept scratching in the ground with the butt of his gun as if he were thinking

about it. “Yes’m, somebody is always after you,” he murmured.

The grandmother noticed how thin his shoulder blades were just behind his hat because

she was standing up looking down on him. “Do you every pray?” she asked.

He shook his head. All she saw was the black hat wiggle between his shoulder blades.

“Nome,” he said.

There was a pistol shot from the woods, followed closely by another. Then silence. The

old lady’s head jerked around. She could hear the wind move through the tree tops like a long

satisfied insuck of breath. “Bailey Boy!” she called.

“I was a gospel singer for a while,” The Misfit said. “I been most everything. Been in the

arm service both land and sea, at home and abroad, been twict married, been an undertaker,

been with the railroads, plowed Mother Earth, been in a tornado, seen a man burnt alive

oncet,” and he looked up at the children’s mother and the little girl who were sitting close

together, their faces white and their eyes glassy; “I even seen a woman flogged,” he said.

“Pray, pray,” the grandmother began, “pray, pray . . .”

“I never was a bad boy that I remember of,” The Misfit said in an almost dreamy voice,

“but somewheres along the line I done something wrong and got sent to the penitentiary. I was

buried alive,” and he looked up and held her attention to him by a steady stare.

“That’s when you should have started to pray,” she said. “What did you do to get sent to

the penitentiary that first time?”

“Turn to the right, it was a wall,” The Misfit said, looking up again at the cloudless sky.

“Turn to the left, it was a wall. Look up it was a ceiling, look down it was a floor. I forget what I

done, lady. I set there and set there, trying to remember what it was I done and I ain’t recalled

it to this day. Oncet in a while, I would think it was coming to me, but it never come.”

“Maybe they put you in by mistake,” the old lady said vaguely.


“Nome,” he said. “It wasn’t no mistake. They had the papers on me.”

“You must have stolen something,” she said.

The Misfit sneered slightly. “Nobody had nothing I wanted,” he said. “It was a head-

doctor at the penitentiary said what I had done was kill my daddy but I known that for a lie. My

daddy died in nineteen ought nineteen of the epidemic flu and I never had a thing to do with it.

He was buried in the Mount Hopewell Baptist churchyard and you can go there and see for


“If you would pray,” the old lady said, “Jesus would help you.”

“That’s right,” The Misfit said.

“Well then, why don’t you pray?” she asked trembling with delight suddenly.

“I don’t want no hep,” he said. “I’m doing all right by myself.”

Bobby Lee and Hiram came ambling back from the woods. Bobby Lee was dragging a

yellow shirt with bright blue parrots in it.

“Thow me that shirt, Bobby Lee,” The Misfit said. The shirt came flying at him and

landed on his shoulder and he put it on. The grandmother couldn’t name what the shirt

reminded her of. “No, lady,” The Misfit said while he was buttoning it up, “I found out the

crime don’t matter. You can do one thing or you can do another, kill a man or take a tire off his

car, because sooner or later you’re going to forget what it was you done and just be punished

for it.”

The children’s mother had begun to make heaving noises as if she couldn’t get her

breath. “Lady,” he asked, “would you and that little girl like to step off yonder with Bobby Lee

and Hiram and join your husband?”

“Yes, thank you,” the mother said faintly. Her left arm dangled helplessly and she was

holding the baby, who had gone to sleep, in the other. “Hep that lady up, Hiram,” The Misfit

said as she struggled to climb out of the ditch, “and Bobby Lee, you hold onto that little girl’s


“I don’t want to hold hands with him,” June Star said. “He reminds me of a pig.”

The fat boy blushed and laughed and caught her by the arm and pulled her off into the

woods after Hiram and her mother.

Alone with The Misfit, the grandmother found that she had lost her voice. There was not

a cloud in the sky nor any sun. There was nothing around her but woods. She wanted to tell

him that he must pray. She opened and closed her mouth several times before anything came

out. Finally she found herself saying, “Jesus. Jesus,” meaning, Jesus will help you, but the way

she was saying it, it sounded as if she might be cursing.


“Yes’m,” The Misfit said as if he agreed. “Jesus thown everything off balance. It was the
same case with Him as with me except He hadn’t committed any crime and they could prove I
had committed one because they had the papers on me. Of course,” he said, “they never shown
me my papers. That’s why I sign myself now. I said long ago, you get you a signature and sign
everything you do and keep a copy of it. Then you’ll know what you done and you can hold up
the crime to the punishment and see do they match and in the end you’ll have something to
prove you ain’t been treated right. I call myself The Misfit,” he said, “because I can’t make what
all I done wrong fit what all I gone through in punishment.”

There was a piercing scream from the woods, followed closely by a pistol report. “Does it

seem right to you, lady, that one is punished a heap and another ain’t punished at all?”

“Jesus!” the old lady cried. “You’ve got good blood! I know you wouldn’t shoot a lady! I

know you come from nice people! Pray! Jesus, you ought not to shoot a lady. I’ll give you all the

money I’ve got!”

“Lady,” The Misfit said, looking beyond her far into the woods, “there never was a body

that give the undertaker a tip.”

There were two more pistol reports and the grandmother raised her head like a parched

old turkey hen crying for water and called, “Bailey Boy, Bailey Boy!” as if her heart would


“Jesus was the only One that ever raised the dead,” The Misfit continued, “and He

shouldn’t have done it. He thown everything off balance. If He did what He said, then it’s

nothing for you to do but thow away everything and follow Him, and if He didn’t, then it’s

nothing for you to do but enjoy the few minutes you got left the best way you can by killing

somebody or burning down his house or doing some other meanness to him. No pleasure but

meanness,” he said and his voice had become almost a snarl.

“Maybe He didn’t raise the dead,” the old lady mumbled, not knowing what she was

saying and feeling so dizzy that she sank down in the ditch with her legs twisted under her.

“I wasn’t there so I can’t say He didn’t,” The Misfit said. “I wisht I had of been there,” he

said, hitting the ground with his fist. “It ain’t right I wasn’t there because if I had of been there

I would of known. Listen lady,” he said in a high voice, “if I had of been there I would of known

and I wouldn’t be like I am now.” His voice seemed about to crack and the grandmother’s head

cleared for an instant. She saw the man’s face twisted close to her own as if he were going to cry

and she murmured, “Why you’re one of my babies. You’re one of my own children !” She

reached out and touched him on the shoulder. The Misfit sprang back as if a snake had bitten

him and shot her three times through the chest. Then he put his gun down on the ground and

took off his glasses and began to clean them.

Hiram and Bobby Lee returned from the woods and stood over the ditch, looking down

at the grandmother who half sat and half lay in a puddle of blood with her legs crossed under

her like a child’s and her face smiling up at the cloudless sky.


Without his glasses, The Misfit’s eyes were red-rimmed and pale and defenseless-

looking. “Take her off and thow her where you thown the others,” he said, picking up the cat

that was rubbing itself against his leg.

“She was a talker, wasn’t she?” Bobby Lee said, sliding down the ditch with a yodel.

“She would of been a good woman,” The Misfit said, “if it had been somebody there to

shoot her every minute of her life.”

“Some fun!” Bobby Lee said.

“Shut up, Bobby Lee,” The Misfit said. “It’s no real pleasure in life.”


[Flannery O’Connor, A Good Man is Hard to Find and other stories, ed. Lisa Alther, The

Women’s Press, 1980]







Book: The Turn of the Screw
Author: Henry James, 1843–1916
First published: 1898

The original book is in the public domain in the United
States and in most, if not all , other countries as well . Readers
outside the United States should check their own countries’
copyright laws to be certain they can legally download this
ebook. The Online Books Page has an FAQ which gives a
summary of copyright durations for many other countries, as
well as links to more off icial sources.

This PDF ebook was
created by José Menéndez.


The Turn of the Screw

THE story had held us, round the fire, suff iciently breathless,
but except the obvious remark that it was gruesome, as, on
Christmas Eve in an old house, a strange tale should
essentially be, I remember no comment uttered till somebody
happened to say that it was the only case he had met in
which such a visitation had fallen on a child. The case, I may
mention, was that of an apparition in just such an old house
as had gathered us for the occasion—an appearance, of a
dreadful kind, to a littl e boy sleeping in the room with his
mother and waking her up in the terror of it; waking her not
to dissipate his dread and soothe him to sleep again, but to
encounter also, herself, before she had succeeded in doing
so, the same sight that had shaken him. It was this
observation that drew from Douglas—not immediately, but
later in the evening—a reply that had the interesting
consequence to which I call attention. Someone else told a
story not particularly effective, which I saw he was not
following. This I took for a sign that he had himself
something to produce and that we should only have to wait.
We waited in fact till two nights later; but that same evening,
before we scattered, he brought out what was in his mind.

“ I quite agree—in regard to Griff in’s ghost, or whatever
it was—that its appearing first to the li ttle boy, at so tender
an age, adds a particular touch. But it’s not the first
occurrence of its charming kind that I know to have involved
a child. If the child gives the effect another turn of the screw,
what do you say to two children—?”


“We say, of course,” somebody exclaimed, “ that they
give two turns! Also that we want to hear about them.”

I can see Douglas there before the fire, to which he had
got up to present his back, looking down at his interlocutor
with his hands in his pockets. “Nobody but me, till now, has
ever heard. It’s quite too horrible.” This, naturally, was
declared by several voices to give the thing the utmost price,
and our friend, with quiet art, prepared his triumph by
turning his eyes over the rest of us and going on: “ It’s
beyond everything. Nothing at all that I know touches it.”

“For sheer terror?” I remember asking.
He seemed to say it was not so simple as that; to be

really at a loss how to quali fy it. He passed his hand over his
eyes, made a littl e wincing grimace. “For dreadful—

“Oh, how delicious!” cried one of the women.
He took no notice of her; he looked at me, but as if,

instead of me, he saw what he spoke of. “For general
uncanny ugliness and horror and pain.”

“Well then,” I said, “ just sit right down and begin.”
He turned round to the fire, gave a kick to a log,

watched it an instant. Then as he faced us again: “ I can’ t
begin. I shall have to send to town.” There was a unanimous
groan at this, and much reproach; after which, in his
preoccupied way, he explained. “The story’s written. It’s in a
locked drawer—it has not been out for years. I could write to
my man and enclose the key; he could send down the packet
as he finds it.” It was to me in particular that he appeared to
propound this—appeared almost to appeal for aid not to
hesitate. He had broken a thickness of ice, the formation of
many a winter; had had his reasons for a long silence. The
others resented postponement, but it was just his scruples
that charmed me. I adjured him to write by the first post and


to agree with us for an early hearing; then I asked him if the
experience in question had been his own. To this his answer
was prompt. “Oh, thank God, no!”

“And is the record yours? You took the thing down?”
“Nothing but the impression. I took that here”—he

tapped his heart. “ I’ve never lost it.”
“Then your manuscript—?”
“ Is in old, faded ink, and in the most beautiful hand.”

He hung fire again. “A woman’s. She has been dead these
twenty years. She sent me the pages in question before she
died.” They were all li stening now, and of course there was
somebody to be arch, or at any rate to draw the inference.
But if he put the inference by without a smile it was also
without irritation. “She was a most charming person, but she
was ten years older than I. She was my sister’s governess,”
he quietly said. “She was the most agreeable woman I’ve
ever known in her position; she would have been worthy of
any whatever. It was long ago, and this episode was long
before. I was at Trinity, and I found her at home on my
coming down the second summer. I was much there that
year—it was a beautiful one; and we had, in her off-hours,
some strolls and talks in the garden—talks in which she
struck me as awfully clever and nice. Oh yes; don’ t grin: I
li ked her extremely and am glad to this day to think she liked
me too. If she hadn’ t she wouldn’ t have told me. She had
never told anyone. It wasn’ t simply that she said so, but that
I knew she hadn’ t. I was sure; I could see. You’ ll easily
judge why when you hear.”

“Because the thing had been such a scare?”
He continued to fix me. “You’ ll easily judge,” he

repeated: “you will .”
I fixed him, too. “ I see. She was in love.”


He laughed for the first time. “You are acute. Yes, she
was in love. That is, she had been. That came out—she
couldn’ t tell her story without its coming out. I saw it, and
she saw I saw it; but neither of us spoke of it. I remember the
time and the place—the corner of the lawn, the shade of the
great beeches and the long, hot summer afternoon. It wasn’ t
a scene for a shudder; but oh—!” He quitted the fire and
dropped back into his chair.

“You’ ll receive the packet Thursday morning?” I

“Probably not till the second post.”
“Well then; after dinner—”
“You’ ll all meet me here?” He looked us round again.

“ Isn’ t anybody going?” It was almost the tone of hope.
“Everybody will stay!”
“ I will —and I will !” cried the ladies whose departure

had been fixed. Mrs. Griff in, however, expressed the need
for a littl e more light. “Who was it she was in love with?”

“The story will t ell ,” I took upon myself to reply.
“Oh, I can’ t wait for the story!”
“The story won’ t tell ,” said Douglas; “not in any literal,

vulgar way.”
“More’s the pity, then. That’s the only way I ever

“Won’ t you tell , Douglas?” somebody else inquired.
He sprang to his feet again. “Yes—tomorrow. Now I

must go to bed. Good-night.” And quickly catching up a
candlestick, he left us slightly bewildered. From our end of
the great brown hall we heard his step on the stair;
whereupon Mrs. Griffin spoke. “Well , if I don’ t know who
she was in love with, I know who he was.”

“She was ten years older,” said her husband.


“Raison de plus—at that age! But it’s rather nice, his
long reticence.”

“Forty years!” Griffin put in.
“With this outbreak at last.”
“The outbreak,” I returned, “will make a tremendous

occasion of Thursday night;” and everyone so agreed with
me that, in the light of it, we lost all attention for everything
else. The last story, however incomplete and like the mere
opening of a serial, had been told; we handshook and
“candlestuck,” as somebody said, and went to bed.

I knew the next day that a letter containing the key had,
by the first post, gone off to his London apartments; but in
spite of—or perhaps just on account of—the eventual
diffusion of this knowledge we quite let him alone till after
dinner, till such an hour of the evening, in fact, as might best
accord with the kind of emotion on which our hopes were
fixed. Then he became as communicative as we could desire
and indeed gave us his best reason for being so. We had it
from him again before the fire in the hall , as we had had our
mild wonders of the previous night. It appeared that the
narrative he had promised to read us really required for a
proper intelli gence a few words of prologue. Let me say here
distinctly, to have done with it, that this narrative, from an
exact transcript of my own made much later, is what I shall
presently give. Poor Douglas, before his death—when it was
in sight—committed to me the manuscript that reached him
on the third of these days and that, on the same spot, with
immense effect, he began to read to our hushed littl e circle
on the night of the fourth. The departing ladies who had said
they would stay didn’ t, of course, thank heaven, stay: they
departed, in consequence of arrangements made, in a rage of
curiosity, as they professed, produced by the touches with
which he had already worked us up. But that only made his


littl e final auditory more compact and select, kept it, round
the hearth, subject to a common thrill .

The first of these touches conveyed that the written
statement took up the tale at a point after it had, in a manner,
begun. The fact to be in possession of was therefore that his
old friend, the youngest of several daughters of a poor
country parson, had, at the age of twenty, on taking service
for the first time in the schoolroom, come up to London, in
trepidation, to answer in person an advertisement that had
already placed her in brief correspondence with the
advertiser. This person proved, on her presenting herself, for
judgment, at a house in Harley Street, that impressed her as
vast and imposing—this prospective patron proved a
gentleman, a bachelor in the prime of li fe, such a figure as
had never risen, save in a dream or an old novel, before a
fluttered, anxious girl out of a Hampshire vicarage. One
could easily fix his type; it never, happily, dies out. He was
handsome and bold and pleasant, off-hand and gay and kind.
He struck her, inevitably, as gallant and splendid, but what
took her most of all and gave her the courage she afterwards
showed was that he put the whole thing to her as a kind of
favour, an obligation he should gratefully incur. She
conceived him as rich, but as fearfully extravagant—saw him
all i n a glow of high fashion, of good looks, of expensive
habits, of charming ways with women. He had for his own
town residence a big house fill ed with the spoils of travel and
the trophies of the chase; but it was to his country home, an
old family place in Essex, that he wished her immediately to

He had been left, by the death of their parents in India,
guardian to a small nephew and a small niece, children of a
younger, a military brother, whom he had lost two years
before. These children were, by the strangest of chances for a


man in his position—a lone man without the right sort of
experience or a grain of patience—very heavily on his hands.
It had all been a great worry and, on his own part doubtless,
a series of blunders, but he immensely pitied the poor chicks
and had done all he could: had in particular sent them down
to his other house, the proper place for them being of course
the country, and kept them there, from the first, with the best
people he could find to look after them, parting even with his
own servants to wait on them and going down himself,
whenever he might, to see how they were doing. The
awkward thing was that they had practically no other
relations and that his own affairs took up all his time. He had
put them in possession of Bly, which was healthy and secure,
and had placed at the head of their littl e establishment—but
below stairs only—an excellent woman, Mrs. Grose, whom
he was sure his visitor would like and who had formerly
been maid to his mother. She was now housekeeper and was
also acting for the time as superintendent to the little girl, of
whom, without children of her own, she was, by good luck,
extremely fond. There were plenty of people to help, but of
course the young lady who should go down as governess
would be in supreme authority. She would also have, in
holidays, to look after the small boy, who had been for a
term at school—young as he was to be sent, but what else
could be done?—and who, as the holidays were about to
begin, would be back from one day to the other. There had
been for the two children at first a young lady whom they
had had the misfortune to lose. She had done for them quite
beautifully—she was a most respectable person—till her
death, the great awkwardness of which had, precisely, left no
alternative but the school for littl e Miles. Mrs. Grose, since
then, in the way of manners and things, had done as she
could for Flora; and there were, further, a cook, a housemaid,


a dairywoman, an old pony, an old groom, and an old
gardener, all li kewise thoroughly respectable.

So far had Douglas presented his picture when someone
put a question. “And what did the former governess die
of?—of so much respectabili ty?”

Our friend’s answer was prompt. “That will come out. I
don’ t anticipate.”

“Excuse me—I thought that was just what you are

“ In her successor’s place,” I suggested, “ I should have
wished to learn if the off ice brought with it—”

“Necessary danger to life?” Douglas completed my
thought. “She did wish to learn, and she did learn. You shall
hear tomorrow what she learnt. Meanwhile, of course, the
prospect struck her as slightly grim. She was young, untried,
nervous: it was a vision of serious duties and littl e company,
of really great loneliness. She hesitated—took a couple of
days to consult and consider. But the salary offered much
exceeded her modest measure, and on a second interview she
faced the music, she engaged.” And Douglas, with this, made
a pause that, for the benefit of the company, moved me to
throw in—

“The moral of which was of course the seduction
exercised by the splendid young man. She succumbed to it.”

He got up and, as he had done the night before, went to
the fire, gave a stir to a log with his foot, then stood a
moment with his back to us. “She saw him only twice.”

“Yes, but that’s just the beauty of her passion.”
A littl e to my surprise, on this, Douglas turned round to

me. “ It was the beauty of it. There were others,” he went on,
“who hadn’ t succumbed. He told her frankly all his
diff iculty—that for several applicants the conditions had
been prohibitive. They were, somehow, simply afraid. It


sounded dull—it sounded strange; and all the more so
because of his main condition.”

“Which was—?”
“That she should never trouble him—but never, never:

neither appeal nor complain nor write about anything; only
meet all questions herself, receive all moneys from his
solicitor, take the whole thing over and let him alone. She
promised to do this, and she mentioned to me that when, for
a moment, disburdened, delighted, he held her hand,
thanking her for the sacrifice, she already felt rewarded.”

“But was that all her reward?” one of the ladies asked.
“She never saw him again.”
“Oh!” said the lady; which, as our friend immediately

left us again, was the only other word of importance
contributed to the subject till , the next night, by the corner of
the hearth, in the best chair, he opened the faded red cover of
a thin old-fashioned gilt -edged album. The whole thing took
indeed more nights than one, but on the first occasion the
same lady put another question. “What is your title?”

“ I haven’ t one.”
“Oh, I have!” I said. But Douglas, without heeding me,

had begun to read with a fine clearness that was like a
rendering to the ear of the beauty of his author’s hand.



I REMEMBER the whole beginning as a succession of f lights
and drops, a littl e see-saw of the right throbs and the wrong.
After rising, in town, to meet his appeal, I had at all events a
couple of very bad days—found myself doubtful again, felt
indeed sure I had made a mistake. In this state of mind I
spent the long hours of bumping, swinging coach that carried
me to the stopping-place at which I was to be met by a
vehicle from the house. This convenience, I was told, had
been ordered, and I found, toward the close of the June
afternoon, a commodious fly in waiting for me. Driving at
that hour, on a lovely day, through a country to which the
summer sweetness seemed to offer me a friendly welcome,
my fortitude mounted afresh and, as we turned into the
avenue, encountered a reprieve that was probably but a proof
of the point to which it had sunk. I suppose I had expected,
or had dreaded, something so melancholy that what greeted
me was a good surprise. I remember as a most pleasant
impression the broad, clear front, its open windows and fresh
curtains and the pair of maids looking out; I remember the
lawn and the bright flowers and the crunch of my wheels on
the gravel and the clustered treetops over which the rooks
circled and cawed in the golden sky. The scene had a
greatness that made it a different affair from my own scant
home, and there immediately appeared at the door, with a
littl e girl in her hand, a civil person who dropped me as
decent a curtsey as if I had been the mistress or a
distinguished visitor. I had received in Harley Street a
narrower notion of the place, and that, as I recalled it, made


me think the proprietor still more of a gentleman, suggested
that what I was to enjoy might be something beyond his

I had no drop again till t he next day, for I was carried
triumphantly through the following hours by my introduction
to the younger of my pupils. The littl e girl who accompanied
Mrs. Grose appeared to me on the spot a creature so
charming as to make it a great fortune to have to do with her.
She was the most beautiful child I had ever seen, and I
afterwards wondered that my employer had not told me more
of her. I slept littl e that night—I was too much excited; and
this astonished me too, I recollect, remained with me, adding
to my sense of the liberali ty with which I was treated. The
large, impressive room, one of the best in the house, the
great state bed, as I almost felt it , the full , figured draperies,
the long glasses in which, for the first time, I could see
myself from head to foot, all struck me—like the
extraordinary charm of my small charge—as so many things
thrown in. It was thrown in as well , from the first moment,
that I should get on with Mrs. Grose in a relation over which,
on my way, in the coach, I fear I had rather brooded. The
only thing indeed that in this early outlook might have made
me shrink again was the clear circumstance of her being so
glad to see me. I perceived within half an hour that she was
so glad—stout, simple, plain, clean, wholesome woman—as
to be positively on her guard against showing it too much. I
wondered even then a littl e why she should wish not to show
it, and that, with reflection, with suspicion, might of course
have made me uneasy.

But it was a comfort that there could be no uneasiness
in a connection with anything so beatific as the radiant image
of my littl e girl, the vision of whose angelic beauty had
probably more than anything else to do with the restlessness


that, before morning, made me several times rise and wander
about my room to take in the whole picture and prospect; to
watch, from my open window, the faint summer dawn, to
look at such portions of the rest of the house as I could catch,
and to li sten, while, in the fading dusk, the first birds began
to twitter, for the possible recurrence of a sound or two, less
natural and not without, but within, that I had fancied I
heard. There had been a moment when I believed I
recognised, faint and far, the cry of a child; there had been
another when I found myself just consciously starting as at
the passage, before my door, of a light footstep. But these
fancies were not marked enough not to be thrown off , and it
is only in the light, or the gloom, I should rather say, of other
and subsequent matters that they now come back to me. To
watch, teach, “ form” lit tle Flora would too evidently be the
making of a happy and useful li fe. It had been agreed
between us downstairs that after this first occasion I should
have her as a matter of course at night, her small white bed
being already arranged, to that end, in my room. What I had
undertaken was the whole care of her, and she had remained,
just this last time, with Mrs. Grose only as an effect of our
consideration for my inevitable strangeness and her natural
timidity. In spite of this timidity—which the child herself, in
the oddest way in the world, had been perfectly frank and
brave about, allowing it, without a sign of uncomfortable
consciousness, with the deep, sweet serenity indeed of one of
Raphael’s holy infants, to be discussed, to be imputed to her
and to determine us—I felt quite sure she would presently
li ke me. It was part of what I already liked Mrs. Grose
herself for, the pleasure I could see her feel in my admiration
and wonder as I sat at supper with four tall candles and with
my pupil , in a high chair and a bib, brightly facing me,
between them, over bread and milk. There were naturally


things that in Flora’s presence could pass between us only as
prodigious and gratified looks, obscure and roundabout

“And the littl e boy—does he look like her? Is he too so
very remarkable?”

One wouldn’ t flatter a child. “Oh, Miss, most
remarkable. If you think well of this one!”—and she stood
there with a plate in her hand, beaming at our companion,
who looked from one of us to the other with placid heavenly
eyes that contained nothing to check us.

“Yes; if I do—?”
“You will be carried away by the littl e gentleman!”
“Well , that, I think, is what I came for—to be carried

away. I’m afraid, however,” I remember feeling the impulse
to add, “ I’m rather easily carried away. I was carried away in

I can still see Mrs. Grose’s broad face as she took this
in. “ In Harley Street?”

“ In Harley Street.”
“Well , Miss, you’ re not the first—and you won’ t be the

“Oh, I’ve no pretension,” I could laugh, “ to being the

only one. My other pupil , at any rate, as I understand, comes
back tomorrow?”

“Not tomorrow—Friday, Miss. He arrives, as you did,
by the coach, under care of the guard, and is to be met by the
same carriage.”

I forthwith expressed that the proper as well as the
pleasant and friendly thing would be therefore that on the
arrival of the public conveyance I should be in waiting for
him with his little sister; an idea in which Mrs. Grose
concurred so heartily that I somehow took her manner as a
kind of comforting pledge—never falsified, thank heaven!—


that we should on every question be quite at one. Oh, she
was glad I was there!

What I felt the next day was, I suppose, nothing that
could be fairly called a reaction from the cheer of my arrival;
it was probably at the most only a slight oppression produced
by a fuller measure of the scale, as I walked round them,
gazed up at them, took them in, of my new circumstances.
They had, as it were, an extent and mass for which I had not
been prepared and in the presence of which I found myself,
freshly, a littl e scared as well as a li ttle proud. Lessons, in
this agitation, certainly suffered some delay; I reflected that
my first duty was, by the gentlest arts I could contrive, to
win the child into the sense of knowing me. I spent the day
with her out of doors; I arranged with her, to her great
satisfaction, that it should be she, she only, who might show
me the place. She showed it step by step and room by room
and secret by secret, with droll , delightful, childish talk about
it and with the result, in half an hour, of our becoming
immense friends. Young as she was, I was struck, throughout
our littl e tour, with her confidence and courage with the way,
in empty chambers and dull corridors, on crooked staircases
that made me pause and even on the summit of an old
machicolated square tower that made me dizzy, her morning
music, her disposition to tell me so many more things than
she asked, rang out and led me on. I have not seen Bly since
the day I left it, and I dare say that to my older and more
informed eyes it would now appear sufficiently contracted.
But as my littl e conductress, with her hair of gold and her
frock of blue, danced before me round corners and pattered
down passages, I had the view of a castle of romance
inhabited by a rosy sprite, such a place as would somehow,
for diversion of the young idea, take all colour out of
storybooks and fairy-tales. Wasn’ t it just a storybook over


which I had fallen a-doze and a-dream? No; it was a big,
ugly, antique, but convenient house, embodying a few
features of a building still older, half replaced and half
utili sed, in which I had the fancy of our being almost as lost
as a handful of passengers in a great drifting ship. Well , I
was, strangely, at the helm!



THIS came home to me when, two days later, I drove over
with Flora to meet, as Mrs. Grose said, the littl e gentleman;
and all the more for an incident that, presenting itself the
second evening, had deeply disconcerted me. The first day
had been, on the whole, as I have expressed, reassuring; but I
was to see it wind up in keen apprehension. The postbag, that
evening,—it came late,—contained a letter for me, which,
however, in the hand of my employer, I found to be
composed but of a few words enclosing another, addressed
to himself, with a seal still unbroken. “This, I recognise, is
from the head-master, and the head-master’s an awful bore.
Read him, please; deal with him; but mind you don’ t report.
Not a word. I’m off!” I broke the seal with a great effort—so
great a one that I was a long time coming to it; took the
unopened missive at last up to my room and only attacked it
just before going to bed. I had better have let it wait til l
morning, for it gave me a second sleepless night. With no
counsel to take, the next day, I was full of distress; and it
finally got so the better of me that I determined to open
myself at least to Mrs. Grose.

“What does it mean? The child’s dismissed his school.”
She gave me a look that I remarked at the moment;

then, visibly, with a quick blankness, seemed to try to take it
back. “But aren’ t they all—?”

“Sent home—yes. But only for the holidays. Miles may
never go back at all .”

Consciously, under my attention, she reddened. “They
won’ t take him?”


“They absolutely decline.”
At this she raised her eyes, which she had turned from

me; I saw them fill with good tears. “What has he done?”
I hesitated; then I judged best simply to hand her my

letter—which, however, had the effect of making her,
without taking it, simply put her hands behind her. She
shook her head sadly. “Such things are not for me, Miss.”

My counsellor couldn’ t read! I winced at my mistake,
which I attenuated as I could, and opened my letter again to
repeat it to her; then, faltering in the act and folding it up
once more, I put it back in my pocket. “ Is he really bad?”

The tears were still i n her eyes. “Do the gentlemen say

“They go into no particulars. They simply express their
regret that it should be impossible to keep him. That can
have only one meaning.” Mrs. Grose listened with dumb
emotion; she forbore to ask me what this meaning might be;
so that, presently, to put the thing with some coherence and
with the mere aid of her presence to my own mind, I went
on: “That he’s an injury to the others.”

At this, with one of the quick turns of simple folk, she
suddenly flamed up. “Master Miles! him an injury?”

There was such a flood of good faith in it that, though I
had not yet seen the child, my very fears made me jump to
the absurdity of the idea. I found myself, to meet my friend
the better, offering it, on the spot, sarcastically. “To his poor
littl e innocent mates!”

“ It’s too dreadful,” cried Mrs. Grose, “ to say such cruel
things! Why, he’s scarce ten years old.”

“Yes, yes; it would be incredible.”
She was evidently grateful for such a profession. “See

him, Miss, first. Then believe it!” I felt forthwith a new
impatience to see him; it was the beginning of a curiosity


that, for all the next hours, was to deepen almost to pain.
Mrs. Grose was aware, I could judge, of what she had
produced in me, and she followed it up with assurance. “You
might as well believe it of the littl e lady. Bless her,” she
added the next moment—“ look at her!”

I turned and saw that Flora, whom, ten minutes before, I
had established in the schoolroom with a sheet of white
paper, a pencil , and a copy of nice “round O’s,” now
presented herself to view at the open door. She expressed in
her littl e way an extraordinary detachment from disagreeable
duties, looking to me, however, with a great childish light
that seemed to offer it as a mere result of the affection she
had conceived for my person, which had rendered necessary
that she should follow me. I needed nothing more than this to
feel the full force of Mrs. Grose’s comparison, and, catching
my pupil i n my arms, covered her with kisses in which there
was a sob of atonement.

None the less, the rest of the day I watched for further
occasion to approach my colleague, especially as, toward
evening, I began to fancy she rather sought to avoid me. I
overtook her, I remember, on the staircase; we went down
together, and at the bottom I detained her, holding her there
with a hand on her arm. “ I take what you said to me at noon
as a declaration that you’ve never known him to be bad.”

She threw back her head; she had clearly, by this time,
and very honestly, adopted an attitude. “Oh, never known
him—I don’ t pretend that!”

I was upset again. “Then you have known him—?”
“Yes indeed, Miss, thank God!”
On reflection I accepted this. “You mean that a boy who

never is—?”
“ Is no boy for me!”


I held her tighter. “You like them with the spirit to be
naughty?” Then, keeping pace with her answer, “So do I!” I
eagerly brought out. “But not to the degree to contaminate—”

“To contaminate?”—my big word left her at a loss. I
explained it. “To corrupt.”

She stared, taking my meaning in; but it produced in her
an odd laugh. “Are you afraid he’ ll corrupt you?” She put the
question with such a fine bold humour that, with a laugh, a
littl e silly doubtless, to match her own, I gave way for the
time to the apprehension of ridicule.

But the next day, as the hour for my drive approached, I
cropped up in another place. “What was the lady who was
here before?”

“The last governess? She was also young and pretty—
almost as young and almost as pretty, Miss, even as you.”

“Ah, then, I hope her youth and her beauty helped her!”
I recollect throwing off . “He seems to like us young and

“Oh, he did,” Mrs. Grose assented: “ it was the way he
liked everyone!” She had no sooner spoken indeed than she
caught herself up. “ I mean that’s his way—the master’s.”

I was struck. “But of whom did you speak first?”
She looked blank, but she coloured. “Why, of him.”
“Of the master?”
“Of who else?”
There was so obviously no one else that the next

moment I had lost my impression of her having accidentally
said more than she meant; and I merely asked what I wanted
to know. “Did she see anything in the boy—?”

“That wasn’ t right? She never told me.”
I had a scruple, but I overcame it. “Was she careful—



Mrs. Grose appeared to try to be conscientious. “About
some things—yes.”

“But not about all?”
Again she considered. “Well , Miss—she’s gone. I

won’ t tell tales.”
“ I quite understand your feeling,” I hastened to reply;

but I thought it, after an instant, not opposed to this
concession to pursue: “Did she die here?”

“No—she went off .”
I don’ t know what there was in this brevity of Mrs.

Grose’s that struck me as ambiguous. “Went off to die?”
Mrs. Grose looked straight out of the window, but I felt that,
hypothetically, I had a right to know what young persons
engaged for Bly were expected to do. “She was taken ill , you
mean, and went home?”

“She was not taken ill , so far as appeared, in this house.
She left it, at the end of the year, to go home, as she said, for
a short holiday, to which the time she had put in had
certainly given her a right. We had then a young woman—a
nursemaid who had stayed on and who was a good girl and
clever; and she took the children altogether for the interval.
But our young lady never came back, and at the very
moment I was expecting her I heard from the master that she
was dead.”

I turned this over. “But of what?”
“He never told me! But please, Miss,” said Mrs. Grose,

“ I must get to my work.”



HER thus turning her back on me was fortunately not, for my
just preoccupations, a snub that could check the growth of
our mutual esteem. We met, after I had brought home li ttle
Miles, more intimately than ever on the ground of my
stupefaction, my general emotion: so monstrous was I then
ready to pronounce it that such a child as had now been
revealed to me should be under an interdict. I was a littl e late
on the scene, and I felt, as he stood wistfully looking out for
me before the door of the inn at which the coach had put him
down, that I had seen him, on the instant, without and within,
in the great glow of freshness, the same positive fragrance of
purity, in which I had, from the first moment, seen his littl e
sister. He was incredibly beautiful, and Mrs. Grose had put
her finger on it: everything but a sort of passion of
tenderness for him was swept away by his presence. What I
then and there took him to my heart for was something
divine that I have never found to the same degree in any
child—his indescribable littl e air of knowing nothing in the
world but love. It would have been impossible to carry a bad
name with a greater sweetness of innocence, and by the time
I had got back to Bly with him I remained merely
bewildered—so far, that is, as I was not outraged—by the
sense of the horrible letter locked up in my room, in a
drawer. As soon as I could compass a private word with Mrs.
Grose I declared to her that it was grotesque.

She promptly understood me. “You mean the cruel


“ It doesn’ t live an instant. My dear woman, look at

She smiled at my pretension to have discovered his
charm. “ I assure you, Miss, I do nothing else! What will you
say, then?” she immediately added.

“ In answer to the letter?” I had made up my mind.

“And to his uncle?”
I was incisive. “Nothing.”
“And to the boy himself?”
I was wonderful. “Nothing.”
She gave with her apron a great wipe to her mouth.

“Then I’ ll stand by you. We’ ll see it out.”
“We’ ll see it out!” I ardently echoed, giving her my

hand to make it a vow.
She held me there a moment, then whisked up her apron

again with her detached hand. “Would you mind, Miss, if I
used the freedom—”

“To kiss me? No!” I took the good creature in my arms
and, after we had embraced like sisters, felt still more
fortified and indignant.

This, at all events, was for the time: a time so full that,
as I recall the way it went, it reminds me of all the art I now
need to make it a littl e distinct. What I look back at with
amazement is the situation I accepted. I had undertaken, with
my companion, to see it out, and I was under a charm,
apparently, that could smooth away the extent and the far
and diff icult connections of such an effort. I was li fted aloft
on a great wave of infatuation and pity. I found it simple, in
my ignorance, my confusion, and perhaps my conceit, to
assume that I could deal with a boy whose education for the
world was all on the point of beginning. I am unable even to
remember at this day what proposal I framed for the end of


his holidays and the resumption of his studies. Lessons with
me, indeed, that charming summer, we all had a theory that
he was to have; but I now feel that, for weeks, the lessons
must have been rather my own. I learnt something—at first
certainly—that had not been one of the teachings of my
small , smothered li fe; learnt to be amused, and even
amusing, and not to think for the morrow. It was the first
time, in a manner, that I had known space and air and
freedom, all the music of summer and all the mystery of
nature. And then there was consideration—and consideration
was sweet. Oh, it was a trap—not designed, but deep—to my
imagination, to my delicacy, perhaps to my vanity; to
whatever, in me, was most excitable. The best way to picture
it all i s to say that I was off my guard. They gave me so lit tle
trouble—they were of a gentleness so extraordinary. I used
to speculate—but even this with a dim disconnectedness—as
to how the rough future (for all futures are rough!) would
handle them and might bruise them. They had the bloom of
health and happiness; and yet, as if I had been in charge of a
pair of littl e grandees, of princes of the blood, for whom
everything, to be right, would have to be enclosed and
protected, the only form that, in my fancy, the after-years
could take for them was that of a romantic, a really royal
extension of the garden and the park. It may be, of course,
above all , that what suddenly broke into this gives the
previous time a charm of still ness—that hush in which
something gathers or crouches. The change was actually li ke
the spring of a beast.

In the first weeks the days were long; they often, at their
finest, gave me what I used to call my own hour, the hour
when, for my pupils, tea-time and bed-time having come and
gone, I had, before my final retirement, a small i nterval
alone. Much as I li ked my companions, this hour was the


thing in the day I li ked most; and I li ked it best of all when,
as the light faded—or rather, I should say, the day lingered
and the last calls of the last birds sounded, in a flushed sky,
from the old trees—I could take a turn into the grounds and
enjoy, almost with a sense of property that amused and
flattered me, the beauty and dignity of the place. It was a
pleasure at these moments to feel myself tranquil and
justified; doubtless, perhaps, also to reflect that by my
discretion, my quiet good sense and general high propriety, I
was giving pleasure—if he ever thought of it!—to the person
to whose pressure I had responded. What I was doing was
what he had earnestly hoped and directly asked of me, and
that I could, after all , do it proved even a greater joy than I
had expected. I dare say I fancied myself, in short, a
remarkable young woman and took comfort in the faith that
this would more publicly appear. Well , I needed to be
remarkable to offer a front to the remarkable things that
presently gave their first sign.

It was plump, one afternoon, in the middle of my very
hour: the children were tucked away, and I had come out for
my stroll . One of the thoughts that, as I don’ t in the least
shrink now from noting, used to be with me in these
wanderings was that it would be as charming as a charming
story suddenly to meet someone. Someone would appear
there at the turn of a path and would stand before me and
smile and approve. I didn’ t ask more than that—I only asked
that he should know; and the only way to be sure he knew
would be to see it, and the kind light of it, in his handsome
face. That was exactly present to me—by which I mean the
face was—when, on the first of these occasions, at the end of
a long June day, I stopped short on emerging from one of the
plantations and coming into view of the house. What arrested
me on the spot—and with a shock much greater than any


vision had allowed for—was the sense that my imagination
had, in a flash, turned real. He did stand there!—but high up,
beyond the lawn and at the very top of the tower to which,
on that first morning, little Flora had conducted me. This
tower was one of a pair—square, incongruous, crenelated
structures—that were distinguished, for some reason, though
I could see littl e difference, as the new and the old. They
flanked opposite ends of the house and were probably
architectural absurdities, redeemed in a measure indeed by
not being wholly disengaged nor of a height too pretentious,
dating, in their gingerbread antiquity, from a romantic
revival that was already a respectable past. I admired them,
had fancies about them, for we could all profit in a degree,
especially when they loomed through the dusk, by the
grandeur of their actual battlements; yet it was not at such an
elevation that the figure I had so often invoked seemed most
in place.

It produced in me, this figure, in the clear twili ght, I
remember, two distinct gasps of emotion, which were,
sharply, the shock of my first and that of my second surprise.
My second was a violent perception of the mistake of my
first: the man who met my eyes was not the person I had
precipitately supposed. There came to me thus a
bewilderment of vision of which, after these years, there is
no living view that I can hope to give. An unknown man in a
lonely place is a permitted object of fear to a young woman
privately bred; and the figure that faced me was—a few
more seconds assured me—as littl e anyone else I knew as it
was the image that had been in my mind. I had not seen it in
Harley Street—I had not seen it anywhere. The place,
moreover, in the strangest way in the world, had, on the
instant, and by the very fact of its appearance, become a
solitude. To me at least, making my statement here with a


deliberation with which I have never made it, the whole
feeling of the moment returns. It was as if, while I took in—
what I did take in—all the rest of the scene had been stricken
with death. I can hear again, as I write, the intense hush in
which the sounds of evening dropped. The rooks stopped
cawing in the golden sky and the friendly hour lost, for the
minute, all it s voice. But there was no other change in nature,
unless indeed it were a change that I saw with a stranger
sharpness. The gold was still i n the sky, the clearness in the
air, and the man who looked at me over the battlements was
as definite as a picture in a frame. That’s how I thought, with
extraordinary quickness, of each person that he might have
been and that he was not. We were confronted across our
distance quite long enough for me to ask myself with
intensity who then he was and to feel, as an effect of my
inabili ty to say, a wonder that in a few instants more became

The great question, or one of these, is, afterwards, I
know, with regard to certain matters, the question of how
long they have lasted. Well , this matter of mine, think what
you will of it, lasted while I caught at a dozen possibiliti es,
none of which made a difference for the better, that I could
see, in there having been in the house—and for how long,
above all?—a person of whom I was in ignorance. It lasted
while I just bridled a littl e with the sense that my off ice
demanded that there should be no such ignorance and no
such person. It lasted while this visitant, at all events,—and
there was a touch of the strange freedom, as I remember, in
the sign of familiarity of his wearing no hat,—seemed to fix
me, from his position, with just the question, just the scrutiny
through the fading light, that his own presence provoked. We
were too far apart to call to each other, but there was a
moment at which, at shorter range, some challenge between


us, breaking the hush, would have been the right result of our
straight mutual stare. He was in one of the angles, the one
away from the house, very erect, as it struck me, and with
both hands on the ledge. So I saw him as I see the letters I
form on this page; then, exactly, after a minute, as if to add
to the spectacle, he slowly changed his place—passed,
looking at me hard all the while, to the opposite corner of the
platform. Yes, I had the sharpest sense that during this transit
he never took his eyes from me, and I can see at this moment
the way his hand, as he went, passed from one of the
crenelations to the next. He stopped at the other corner, but
less long, and even as he turned away still markedly fixed
me. He turned away; that was all I knew.



IT was not that I didn’ t wait, on this occasion, for more, for I
was rooted as deeply as I was shaken. Was there a “secret” at
Bly—a mystery of Udolpho or an insane, an unmentionable
relative kept in unsuspected confinement? I can’ t say how
long I turned it over, or how long, in a confusion of curiosity
and dread, I remained where I had my colli sion; I only recall
that when I re-entered the house darkness had quite closed
in. Agitation, in the interval, certainly had held me and
driven me, for I must, in circling about the place, have
walked three miles; but I was to be, later on, so much more
overwhelmed that this mere dawn of alarm was a
comparatively human chill . The most singular part of it in
fact—singular as the rest had been—was the part I became,
in the hall , aware of in meeting Mrs. Grose. This picture
comes back to me in the general train—the impression, as I
received it on my return, of the wide white panelled space,
bright in the lamplight and with its portraits and red carpet,
and of the good surprised look of my friend, which
immediately told me she had missed me. It came to me
straightway, under her contact, that, with plain heartiness,
mere relieved anxiety at my appearance, she knew nothing
whatever that could bear upon the incident I had there ready
for her. I had not suspected in advance that her comfortable
face would pull me up, and I somehow measured the
importance of what I had seen by my thus finding myself
hesitate to mention it. Scarce anything in the whole history
seems to me so odd as this fact that my real beginning of fear
was one, as I may say, with the instinct of sparing my


companion. On the spot, accordingly, in the pleasant hall and
with her eyes on me, I, for a reason that I couldn’ t then have
phrased, achieved an inward resolution—offered a vague
pretext for my lateness and, with the plea of the beauty of the
night and of the heavy dew and wet feet, went as soon as
possible to my room.

Here it was another affair; here, for many days after, it
was a queer affair enough. There were hours, from day to
day,—or at least there were moments, snatched even from
clear duties,—when I had to shut myself up to think. It was
not so much yet that I was more nervous than I could bear to
be as that I was remarkably afraid of becoming so; for the
truth I had now to turn over was, simply and clearly, the
truth that I could arrive at no account whatever of the visitor
with whom I had been so inexplicably and yet, as it seemed
to me, so intimately concerned. It took littl e time to see that I
could sound without forms of inquiry and without exciting
remark any domestic complication. The shock I had suffered
must have sharpened all my senses; I felt sure, at the end of
three days and as the result of mere closer attention, that I
had not been practised upon by the servants nor made the
object of any “game.” Of whatever it was that I knew
nothing was known around me. There was but one sane
inference: someone had taken a liberty rather gross. That was
what, repeatedly, I dipped into my room and locked the door
to say to myself. We had been, collectively, subject to an
intrusion; some unscrupulous traveller, curious in old houses,
had made his way in unobserved, enjoyed the prospect from
the best point of view, and then stolen out as he came. If he
had given me such a bold hard stare, that was but a part of
his indiscretion. The good thing, after all , was that we should
surely see no more of him.


This was not so good a thing, I admit, as not to leave me
to judge that what, essentially, made nothing else much
signify was simply my charming work. My charming work
was just my li fe with Miles and Flora, and through nothing
could I so like it as through feeling that I could throw myself
into it in trouble. The attraction of my small charges was a
constant joy, leading me to wonder afresh at the vanity of my
original fears, the distaste I had begun by entertaining for the
probable grey prose of my office. There was to be no grey
prose, it appeared, and no long grind; so how could work not
be charming that presented itself as daily beauty? It was all
the romance of the nursery and the poetry of the schoolroom.
I don’ t mean by this, of course, that we studied only fiction
and verse; I mean I can express no otherwise the sort of
interest my companions inspired. How can I describe that
except by saying that instead of growing used to them—and
it’s a marvel for a governess: I call the sisterhood to
witness!—I made constant fresh discoveries. There was one
direction, assuredly, in which these discoveries stopped:
deep obscurity continued to cover the region of the boy’s
conduct at school. It had been promptly given me, I have
noted, to face that mystery without a pang. Perhaps even it
would be nearer the truth to say that—without a word—he
himself had cleared it up. He had made the whole charge
absurd. My conclusion bloomed there with the real rose-
flush of his innocence: he was only too fine and fair for the
littl e horrid, unclean school-world, and he had paid a price
for it. I reflected acutely that the sense of such differences,
such superiorities of quali ty, always, on the part of the
majority—which could include even stupid, sordid head-
masters—turns infalli bly to the vindictive.

Both the children had a gentleness (it was their only
fault, and it never made Miles a muff) that kept them—how


shall I express it?—almost impersonal and certainly quite
unpunishable. They were like the cherubs of the anecdote,
who had—morally, at any rate—nothing to whack! I
remember feeling with Miles in especial as if he had had, as
it were, no history. We expect of a small child a scant one,
but there was in this beautiful littl e boy something
extraordinarily sensitive, yet extraordinarily happy, that,
more than in any creature of his age I have seen, struck me
as beginning anew each day. He had never for a second
suffered. I took this as a direct disproof of his having really
been chastised. If he had been wicked he would have
“caught” it, and I should have caught it by the rebound—I
should have found the trace. I found nothing at all , and he
was therefore an angel. He never spoke of his school, never
mentioned a comrade or a master; and I, for my part, was
quite too much disgusted to allude to them. Of course I was
under the spell , and the wonderful part is that, even at the
time, I perfectly knew I was. But I gave myself up to it; i t
was an antidote to any pain, and I had more pains than one. I
was in receipt in these days of disturbing letters from home,
where things were not going well . But with my children,
what things in the world mattered? That was the question I
used to put to my scrappy retirements. I was dazzled by their

There was a Sunday—to get on—when it rained with
such force and for so many hours that there could be no
procession to church; in consequence of which, as the day
declined, I had arranged with Mrs. Grose that, should the
evening show improvement, we would attend together the
late service. The rain happily stopped, and I prepared for our
walk, which, through the park and by the good road to the
vill age, would be a matter of twenty minutes. Coming
downstairs to meet my colleague in the hall , I remembered a


pair of gloves that had required three stitches and that had
received them—with a publicity perhaps not edifying—
while I sat with the children at their tea, served on Sundays,
by exception, in that cold, clean temple of mahogany and
brass, the “grown-up” dining-room. The gloves had been
dropped there, and I turned in to recover them. The day was
grey enough, but the afternoon light still li ngered, and it
enabled me, on crossing the threshold, not only to recognise,
on a chair near the wide window, then closed, the articles I
wanted, but to become aware of a person on the other side of
the window and looking straight in. One step into the room
had suff iced; my vision was instantaneous; it was all there.
The person looking straight in was the person who had
already appeared to me. He appeared thus again with I won’ t
say greater distinctness, for that was impossible, but with a
nearness that represented a forward stride in our intercourse
and made me, as I met him, catch my breath and turn cold.
He was the same—he was the same, and seen, this time, as
he had been seen before, from the waist up, the window,
though the dining-room was on the ground-floor, not going
down to the terrace on which he stood. His face was close to
the glass, yet the effect of this better view was, strangely,
only to show me how intense the former had been. He
remained but a few seconds—long enough to convince me
he also saw and recognised; but it was as if I had been
looking at him for years and had known him always.
Something, however, happened this time that had not
happened before; his stare into my face, through the glass
and across the room, was as deep and hard as then, but it
quitted me for a moment during which I could still watch it,
see it fix successively several other things. On the spot there
came to me the added shock of a certitude that it was not for
me he had come there. He had come for someone else.


The flash of this knowledge—for it was knowledge in
the midst of dread—produced in me the most extraordinary
effect, started, as I stood there, a sudden vibration of duty
and courage. I say courage because I was beyond all doubt
already far gone. I bounded straight out of the door again,
reached that of the house, got, in an instant, upon the drive,
and, passing along the terrace as fast as I could rush, turned a
corner and came full i n sight. But it was in sight of nothing
now—my visitor had vanished. I stopped, I almost dropped,
with the real relief of this; but I took in the whole scene—I
gave him time to reappear. I call it time, but how long was
it? I can’ t speak to the purpose today of the duration of these
things. That kind of measure must have left me: they
couldn’ t have lasted as they actually appeared to me to last.
The terrace and the whole place, the lawn and the garden
beyond it, all I could see of the park, were empty with a great
emptiness. There were shrubberies and big trees, but I
remember the clear assurance I felt that none of them
concealed him. He was there or was not there: not there if I
didn’ t see him. I got hold of this; then, instinctively, instead
of returning as I had come, went to the window. It was
confusedly present to me that I ought to place myself where
he had stood. I did so; I applied my face to the pane and
looked, as he had looked, into the room. As if, at this
moment, to show me exactly what his range had been, Mrs.
Grose, as I had done for himself just before, came in from
the hall . With this I had the full image of a repetition of what
had already occurred. She saw me as I had seen my own
visitant; she pulled up short as I had done; I gave her
something of the shock that I had received. She turned white,
and this made me ask myself if I had blanched as much. She
stared, in short, and retreated on just my lines, and I knew
she had then passed out and come round to me and that I


should presently meet her. I remained where I was, and
while I waited I thought of more things than one. But there’s
only one I take space to mention. I wondered why she should
be scared.



OH, she let me know as soon as, round the corner of the
house, she loomed again into view. “What in the name of
goodness is the matter—?” She was now flushed and out of

I said nothing till she came quite near. “With me?” I
must have made a wonderful face. “Do I show it?”

“You’ re as white as a sheet. You look awful.”
I considered; I could meet on this, without scruple, any

innocence. My need to respect the bloom of Mrs. Grose’s
had dropped, without a rustle, from my shoulders, and if I
wavered for the instant it was not with what I kept back. I
put out my hand to her and she took it; I held her hard a
littl e, li king to feel her close to me. There was a kind of
support in the shy heave of her surprise. “You came for me
for church, of course, but I can’ t go.”

“Has anything happened?”
“Yes. You must know now. Did I look very queer?”
“Through this window? Dreadful!”
“Well ,” I said, “ I’ve been frightened.” Mrs. Grose’s

eyes expressed plainly that she had no wish to be, yet also
that she knew too well her place not to be ready to share with
me any marked inconvenience. Oh, it was quite settled that
she must share! “Just what you saw from the dining-room a
minute ago was the effect of that. What I saw—just before—
was much worse.”

Her hand tightened. “What was it?”
“An extraordinary man. Looking in.”
“What extraordinary man?”


“ I haven’ t the least idea.”
Mrs. Grose gazed round us in vain. “Then where is he

“ I know still l ess.”
“Have you seen him before?”
“Yes—once. On the old tower.”
She could only look at me harder. “Do you mean he’s a

“Oh, very much!”
“Yet you didn’ t tell me?”
“No—for reasons. But now that you’ve guessed—”
Mrs. Grose’s round eyes encountered this charge. “Ah, I

haven’ t guessed!” she said very simply. “How can I if you
don’ t imagine?”

“ I don’ t in the very least.”
“You’ve seen him nowhere but on the tower?”
“And on this spot just now.”
Mrs. Grose looked round again. “What was he doing on

the tower?”
“Only standing there and looking down at me.”
She thought a minute. “Was he a gentleman?”
I found I had no need to think. “No.” She gazed in

deeper wonder. “No.”
“Then nobody about the place? Nobody from the

vill age?”
“Nobody—nobody. I didn’ t tell you, but I made sure.”
She breathed a vague relief: this was, oddly, so much to

the good. It only went indeed a littl e way. “But if he isn’ t a

“What is he? He’s a horror.”
“A horror?”
“He’s—God help me if I know what he is!”


Mrs. Grose looked round once more; she fixed her eyes
on the duskier distance, then, pulli ng herself together, turned
to me with abrupt inconsequence. “ It’s time we should be at

“Oh, I’m not fit for church!”
“Won’ t it do you good?”
“ It won’ t do them—!” I nodded at the house.
“The children?”
“ I can’ t leave them now.”
“You’ re afraid—?”
I spoke boldly. “ I’m afraid of him.”
Mrs. Grose’s large face showed me, at this, for the first

time, the far-away faint glimmer of a consciousness more
acute: I somehow made out in it the delayed dawn of an idea
I myself had not given her and that was as yet quite obscure
to me. It comes back to me that I thought instantly of this as
something I could get from her; and I felt it to be connected
with the desire she presently showed to know more. “When
was it—on the tower?”

“About the middle of the month. At this same hour.”
“Almost at dark,” said Mrs. Grose.
“Oh, no, not nearly. I saw him as I see you.”
“Then how did he get in?”
“And how did he get out?” I laughed. “ I had no

opportunity to ask him! This evening, you see,” I pursued,
“he has not been able to get in.”

“He only peeps?”
“ I hope it will be confined to that!” She had now let go

my hand; she turned away a littl e. I waited an instant; then I
brought out: “Go to church. Good-bye. I must watch.”

Slowly she faced me again. “Do you fear for them?”
We met in another long look. “Don’ t you?” Instead of

answering she came nearer to the window and, for a minute,


applied her face to the glass. “You see how he could see,” I
meanwhile went on.

She didn’ t move. “How long was he here?”
“Till I came out. I came to meet him.”
Mrs. Grose at last turned round, and there was still more

in her face. “ I couldn’ t have come out.”
“Neither could I!” I laughed again. “But I did come. I

have my duty.”
“So have I mine,” she replied; after which she added:

“What is he like?”
“ I’ve been dying to tell you. But he’s li ke nobody.”
“Nobody?” she echoed.
“He has no hat.” Then seeing in her face that she

already, in this, with a deeper dismay, found a touch of
picture, I quickly added stroke to stroke. “He has red hair,
very red, close-curling, and a pale face, long in shape, with
straight, good features and littl e, rather queer whiskers that
are as red as his hair. His eyebrows are, somehow, darker;
they look particularly arched and as if they might move a
good deal. His eyes are sharp, strange—awfully; but I only
know clearly that they’re rather small and very fixed. His
mouth’s wide, and his lips are thin, and except for his littl e
whiskers he’s quite clean-shaven. He gives me a sort of
sense of looking like an actor.”

“An actor!” It was impossible to resemble one less, at
least, than Mrs. Grose at that moment.

“ I’ve never seen one, but so I suppose them. He’s tall ,
active, erect,” I continued, “but never—no, never!—a

My companion’s face had blanched as I went on; her
round eyes started and her mild mouth gaped. “A
gentleman?” she gasped, confounded, stupefied: “a
gentleman he?”


“You know him then?”
She visibly tried to hold herself. “But he is handsome?”
I saw the way to help her. “Remarkably!”
“And dressed—?”
“ In somebody’s clothes. “They’ re smart, but they’re not

his own.”
She broke into a breathless aff irmative groan: “They’ re

the master’s!”
I caught it up. “You do know him?”
She faltered but a second. “Quint!” she cried.
“Peter Quint—his own man, his valet, when he was

“When the master was?”
Gaping still , but meeting me, she pieced it all together.

“He never wore his hat, but he did wear—well , there were
waistcoats missed! They were both here—last year. Then the
master went, and Quint was alone.”

I followed, but halting a little. “Alone?”
“Alone with us.” Then, as from a deeper depth, “ In

charge,” she added.
“And what became of him?”
She hung fire so long that I was still more mystified.

“He went too,” she brought out at last.
“Went where?”
Her expression, at this, became extraordinary. “God

knows where! He died.”
“Died?” I almost shrieked.
She seemed fairly to square herself, plant herself more

firmly to utter the wonder of it. “Yes. Mr. Quint is dead.”



IT took of course more than that particular passage to place
us together in presence of what we had now to live with as
we could—my dreadful li abili ty to impressions of the order
so vividly exempli fied, and my companion’s knowledge,
henceforth,—a knowledge half consternation and half
compassion,—of that liabili ty. There had been, this evening,
after the revelation that left me, for an hour, so prostrate—
there had been, for either of us, no attendance on any service
but a lit tle service of tears and vows, of prayers and
promises, a climax to the series of mutual challenges and
pledges that had straightway ensued on our retreating
together to the schoolroom and shutting ourselves up there to
have everything out. The result of our having everything out
was simply to reduce our situation to the last rigour of its
elements. She herself had seen nothing, not the shadow of a
shadow, and nobody in the house but the governess was in
the governess’s plight; yet she accepted without directly
impugning my sanity the truth as I gave it to her, and ended
by showing me, on this ground, an awe-stricken tenderness,
an expression of the sense of my more than questionable
privilege, of which the very breath has remained with me as
that of the sweetest of human charities.

What was settled between us, accordingly, that night,
was that we thought we might bear things together; and I was
not even sure that, in spite of her exemption, it was she who
had the best of the burden. I knew at this hour, I think, as
well as I knew later what I was capable of meeting to shelter
my pupils; but it took me some time to be wholly sure of


what my honest ally was prepared for to keep terms with so
compromising a contract. I was queer company enough—
quite as queer as the company I received; but as I trace over
what we went through I see how much common ground we
must have found in the one idea that, by good fortune, could
steady us. It was the idea, the second movement, that led me
straight out, as I may say, of the inner chamber of my dread.
I could take the air in the court, at least, and there Mrs. Grose
could join me. Perfectly can I recall now the particular way
strength came to me before we separated for the night. We
had gone over and over every feature of what I had seen.

“He was looking for someone else, you say—someone
who was not you?”

“He was looking for littl e Miles.” A portentous
clearness now possessed me. “That’s whom he was looking

“But how do you know?”
“ I know, I know, I know!” My exaltation grew. “And

you know, my dear!”
She didn’ t deny this, but I required, I felt, not even so

much telli ng as that. She resumed in a moment, at any rate:
“What if he should see him?”

“Little Miles? That’s what he wants!”
She looked immensely scared again. “The child?”
“Heaven forbid! The man. He wants to appear to them.”

That he might was an awful conception, and yet, somehow, I
could keep it at bay; which, moreover, as we lingered there,
was what I succeeded in practically proving. I had an
absolute certainty that I could see again what I had already
seen, but something within me said that by offering myself
bravely as the sole subject of such experience, by accepting,
by inviting, by surmounting it all , I should serve as an
expiatory victim and guard the tranquilli ty of my


companions. The children, in especial, I should thus fence
about and absolutely save. I recall one of the last things I
said that night to Mrs. Grose.

“ It does strike me that my pupils have never

She looked at me hard as I musingly pulled up. “His
having been here and the time they were with him?”

“The time they were with him, and his name, his
presence, his history, in any way.”

“Oh, the littl e lady doesn’ t remember. She never heard
or knew.”

“The circumstances of his death?” I thought with some
intensity. “Perhaps not. But Miles would remember—Miles
would know.”

“Ah, don’ t try him!” broke from Mrs. Grose.
I returned her the look she had given me. “Don’ t be

afraid.” I continued to think. “ It is rather odd.”
“That he has never spoken of him?”
“Never by the least allusion. And you tell me they were

‘great friends’?”
“Oh, it wasn’ t him!” Mrs. Grose with emphasis

declared. “ It was Quint’s own fancy. To play with him, I
mean—to spoil him.” She paused a moment; then she added:
“Quint was much too free.”

This gave me, straight from my vision of his face—such
a face!—a sudden sickness of disgust. “Too free with my

“Too free with everyone!”
I forbore, for the moment, to analyse this description

further than by the reflection that a part of it applied to
several of the members of the household, of the half-dozen
maids and men who were still of our small colony. But there
was everything, for our apprehension, in the lucky fact that


no discomfortable legend, no perturbation of sculli ons, had
ever, within anyone’s memory, attached to the kind old
place. It had neither bad name nor ill fame, and Mrs. Grose,
most apparently, only desired to cling to me and to quake in
silence. I even put her, the very last thing of all , to the test. It
was when, at midnight, she had her hand on the schoolroom
door to take leave. “ I have it from you then—for it’s of great
importance—that he was definitely and admittedly bad?”

“Oh, not admittedly. I knew it—but the master didn’ t.”
“And you never told him?”
“Well , he didn’ t like tale-bearing—he hated complaints.

He was terribly short with anything of that kind, and if
people were all right to him—”

“He wouldn’ t be bothered with more?” This squared
well enough with my impressions of him: he was not a
trouble-loving gentleman, nor so very particular perhaps
about some of the company he kept. All the same, I pressed
my interlocutress. “ I promise you I would have told!”

She felt my discrimination. “ I dare say I was wrong.
But, really, I was afraid.”

“Afraid of what?”
“Of things that man could do. Quint was so clever—he

was so deep.”
I took this in still more than, probably, I showed. “You

weren’ t afraid of anything else? Not of his effect—?”
“His effect?” she repeated with a face of anguish and

waiting while I faltered.
“On innocent littl e precious lives. They were in your

“No, they were not in mine!” she roundly and

distressfully returned. “The master believed in him and
placed him here because he was supposed not to be well and


the country air so good for him. So he had everything to say.
Yes”—she let me have it—“even about them.”

“Them—that creature?” I had to smother a kind of
howl. “And you could bear it!”

“No. I couldn’ t—and I can’ t now!” And the poor
woman burst into tears.

A rigid control, from the next day, was, as I have said,
to follow them; yet how often and how passionately, for a
week, we came back together to the subject! Much as we had
discussed it that Sunday night, I was, in the immediate later
hours in especial—for it may be imagined whether I slept—
still haunted with the shadow of something she had not told
me. I myself had kept back nothing, but there was a word
Mrs. Grose had kept back. I was sure, moreover, by morning,
that this was not from a failure of frankness, but because on
every side there were fears. It seems to me indeed, in
retrospect, that by the time the morrow’s sun was high I had
restlessly read into the facts before us almost all the meaning
they were to receive from subsequent and more cruel
occurrences. What they gave me above all was just the
sinister figure of the living man—the dead one would keep
awhile!—and of the months he had continuously passed at
Bly, which, added up, made a formidable stretch. The limi t
of this evil time had arrived only when, on the dawn of a
winter’s morning, Peter Quint was found, by a labourer
going to early work, stone dead on the road from the vill age:
a catastrophe explained—superficially at least—by a visible
wound to his head; such a wound as might have been
produced—and as, on the final evidence, had been—by a
fatal slip, in the dark and after leaving the public house, on
the steepish icy slope, a wrong path, altogether, at the bottom
of which he lay. The icy slope, the turn mistaken at night and
in liquor, accounted for much—practically, in the end and


after the inquest and boundless chatter, for everything; but
there had been matters in his li fe—strange passages and
perils, secret disorders, vices more than suspected—that
would have accounted for a good deal more.

I scarce know how to put my story into words that shall
be a credible picture of my state of mind; but I was in these
days literally able to find a joy in the extraordinary flight of
heroism the occasion demanded of me. I now saw that I had
been asked for a service admirable and diff icult; and there
would be a greatness in letting it be seen—oh, in the right
quarter!—that I could succeed where many another girl
might have failed. It was an immense help to me—I confess
I rather applaud myself as I look back!—that I saw my
service so strongly and so simply. I was there to protect and
defend the littl e creatures in the world the most bereaved and
the most loveable, the appeal of whose helplessness had
suddenly become only too explicit, a deep, constant ache of
one’s own committed heart. We were cut off , really,
together; we were united in our danger. They had nothing but
me, and I—well , I had them. It was in short a magnificent
chance. This chance presented itself to me in an image richly
material. I was a screen—I was to stand before them. The
more I saw, the less they would. I began to watch them in a
stifled suspense, a disguised excitement that might well , had
it continued too long, have turned to something like
madness. What saved me, as I now see, was that it turned to
something else altogether. It didn’ t last as suspense—it was
superseded by horrible proofs. Proofs, I say, yes—from the
moment I really took hold.

This moment dated from an afternoon hour that I
happened to spend in the grounds with the younger of my
pupils alone. We had left Miles indoors, on the red cushion
of a deep window-seat; he had wished to finish a book, and I


had been glad to encourage a purpose so laudable in a young
man whose only defect was an occasional excess of the
restless. His sister, on the contrary, had been alert to come
out, and I strolled with her half an hour, seeking the shade,
for the sun was still high and the day exceptionally warm. I
was aware afresh, with her, as we went, of how, li ke her
brother, she contrived—it was the charming thing in both
children—to let me alone without appearing to drop me and
to accompany me without appearing to surround. They were
never importunate and yet never li stless. My attention to
them all really went to seeing them amuse themselves
immensely without me: this was a spectacle they seemed
actively to prepare and that engaged me as an active admirer.
I walked in a world of their invention—they had no occasion
whatever to draw upon mine; so that my time was taken only
with being, for them, some remarkable person or thing that
the game of the moment required and that was merely,
thanks to my superior, my exalted stamp, a happy and highly
distinguished sinecure. I forget what I was on the present
occasion; I only remember that I was something very
important and very quiet and that Flora was playing very
hard. We were on the edge of the lake, and, as we had lately
begun geography, the lake was the Sea of Azof.

Suddenly, in these circumstances, I became aware that,
on the other side of the Sea of Azof, we had an interested
spectator. The way this knowledge gathered in me was the
strangest thing in the world—the strangest, that is, except the
very much stranger in which it quickly merged itself. I had
sat down with a piece of work—for I was something or other
that could sit—on the old stone bench which overlooked the
pond; and in this position I began to take in with certitude,
and yet without direct vision, the presence, at a distance, of a
third person. The old trees, the thick shrubbery, made a great


and pleasant shade, but it was all suffused with the
brightness of the hot, still hour. There was no ambiguity in
anything; none whatever, at least, in the conviction I from
one moment to another found myself forming as to what I
should see straight before me and across the lake as a
consequence of raising my eyes. They were attached at this
juncture to the stitching in which I was engaged, and I can
feel once more the spasm of my effort not to move them till I
should so have steadied myself as to be able to make up my
mind what to do. There was an alien object in view—a figure
whose right of presence I instantly, passionately questioned.
I recollect counting over perfectly the possibiliti es,
reminding myself that nothing was more natural, for
instance, then the appearance of one of the men about the
place, or even of a messenger, a postman, or a tradesman’s
boy, from the vill age. That reminder had as litt le effect on
my practical certitude as I was conscious—still even without
looking—of its having upon the character and attitude of our
visitor. Nothing was more natural than that these things
should be the other things that they absolutely were not.

Of the positive identity of the apparition I would assure
myself as soon as the small clock of my courage should have
ticked out the right second; meanwhile, with an effort that
was already sharp enough, I transferred my eyes straight to
littl e Flora, who, at the moment, was about ten yards away.
My heart had stood still for an instant with the wonder and
terror of the question whether she too would see; and I held
my breath while I waited for what a cry from her, what some
sudden innocent sign either of interest or of alarm, would tell
me. I waited, but nothing came; then, in the first place—and
there is something more dire in this, I feel, than in anything I
have to relate—I was determined by a sense that, within a
minute, all sounds from her had previously dropped; and, in


the second, by the circumstance that, also within the minute,
she had, in her play, turned her back to the water. This was
her attitude when I at last looked at her—looked with the
confirmed conviction that we were still , together, under
direct personal notice. She had picked up a small flat piece
of wood, which happened to have in it a littl e hole that had
evidently suggested to her the idea of sticking in another
fragment that might figure as a mast and make the thing a
boat. This second morsel, as I watched her, she was very
markedly and intently attempting to tighten in its place. My
apprehension of what she was doing sustained me so that
after some seconds I felt I was ready for more. Then I again
shifted my eyes—I faced what I had to face.



I GOT hold of Mrs. Grose as soon after this as I could; and I
can give no intelli gible account of how I fought out the
interval. Yet I still hear myself cry as I fairly threw myself
into her arms: “They know—it’s too monstrous: they know,
they know!”

“And what on earth—?” I felt her increduli ty as she
held me.

“Why, all that we know—and heaven knows what else
besides!” Then, as she released me, I made it out to her,
made it out perhaps only now with full coherency even to
myself. “Two hours ago, in the garden”—I could scarce
articulate—“Flora saw!”

Mrs. Grose took it as she might have taken a blow in the
stomach. “She has told you?” she panted.

“Not a word—that’s the horror. She kept it to herself!
The child of eight, that child!” Unutterable still , for me, was
the stupefaction of it.

Mrs. Grose, of course, could only gape the wider. “Then
how do you know?”

“ I was there—I saw with my eyes: saw that she was
perfectly aware.”

“Do you mean aware of him?”
“No—of her.” I was conscious as I spoke that I looked

prodigious things, for I got the slow reflection of them in my
companion’s face. “Another person—this time; but a figure
of quite as unmistakeable horror and evil: a woman in black,
pale and dreadful—with such an air also, and such a face!—


on the other side of the lake. I was there with the child—
quiet for the hour; and in the midst of it she came.”

“Came how—from where?”
“From where they come from! She just appeared and

stood there—but not so near.”
“And without coming nearer?”
“Oh, for the effect and the feeling, she might have been

as close as you!”
My friend, with an odd impulse, fell back a step. “Was

she someone you’ve never seen?”
“Yes. But someone the child has. Someone you have.”

Then, to show how I had thought it all out: “My
predecessor—the one who died.”

“Miss Jessel?”
“Miss Jessel. You don’ t believe me?” I pressed.
She turned right and left in her distress. “How can you

be sure?”
This drew from me, in the state of my nerves, a flash of

impatience. “Then ask Flora—she’s sure!” But I had no
sooner spoken than I caught myself up. “No, for God’s sake,
don’ t!” She’ ll say she isn’ t—she’ ll li e!”

Mrs. Grose was not too bewildered instinctively to
protest. “Ah, how can you?”

“Because I’m clear. Flora doesn’ t want me to know.”
“ It’s only then to spare you.”
“No, no—there are depths, depths! The more I go over

it, the more I see in it, and the more I see in it, the more I
fear. I don’ t know what I don’ t see—what I don’ t fear!”

Mrs. Grose tried to keep up with me. “You mean you’ re
afraid of seeing her again?”

“Oh, no; that’s nothing—now!” Then I explained. “ It’s
of not seeing her.”


But my companion only looked wan. “ I don’ t
understand you.”

“Why, it’s that the child may keep it up—and that the
child assuredly will —without my knowing it.”

At the image of this possibili ty Mrs. Grose for a
moment collapsed, yet presently to pull herself together
again, as if from the positive force of the sense of what,
should we yield an inch, there would really be to give way
to. “Dear, dear—we must keep our heads! And after all , if
she doesn’ t mind it—!” She even tried a grim joke. “Perhaps
she likes it!”

“Likes such things—a scrap of an infant!”
“ Isn’ t it just a proof of her blessed innocence?” my

friend bravely inquired.
She brought me, for the instant, almost round. “Oh, we

must clutch at that—we must cling to it! If it isn’ t a proof of
what you say, it’s a proof of—God knows what! For the
woman’s a horror of horrors.”

Mrs. Grose, at this, fixed her eyes a minute on the
ground; then at last raising them, “Tell me how you know,”
she said.

“Then you admit it’s what she was?” I cried.
“Tell me how you know,” my friend simply repeated.
“Know! By seeing her! By the way she looked.”
“At you, do you mean—so wickedly?”
“Dear me, no—I could have borne that. She gave me

never a glance. She only fixed the child.”
Mrs. Grose tried to see it. “Fixed her?”
“Ah, with such awful eyes!”
She stared at mine as if they might really have

resembled them. “Do you mean of dislike?”
“God help us, no. Of something much worse.”
“Worse than dislike?”—this left her indeed at a loss.


“With a determination—indescribable. With a kind of
fury of intention.”

I made her turn pale. “ Intention?”
“To get hold of her.” Mrs. Grose—her eyes just

lingering on mine—gave a shudder and walked to the
window; and while she stood there looking out I completed
my statement. “That’s what Flora knows.”

After a littl e she turned round. “The person was in
black, you say?”

“ In mourning—rather poor, almost shabby. But—yes—
with extraordinary beauty.” I now recognised to what I had
at last, stroke by stroke, brought the victim of my
confidence, for she quite visibly weighed this. “Oh,
handsome—very, very,” I insisted; “wonderfully handsome.
But infamous.”

She slowly came back to me. “Miss Jessel—was
infamous.” She once more took my hand in both her own,
holding it as tight as if to fortify me against the increase of
alarm I might draw from this disclosure. “They were both
infamous,” she finally said.

So, for a littl e, we faced it once more together; and I
found absolutely a degree of help in seeing it now so
straight. “ I appreciate,” I said, “ the great decency of your not
having hitherto spoken; but the time has certainly come to
give me the whole thing.” She appeared to assent to this, but
still only in silence; seeing which I went on: “ I must have it
now. Of what did she die? Come, there was something
between them.”

“There was everything.”
“ In spite of the difference—?”
“Oh, of their rank, their condition”—she brought it

woefully out. “She was a lady.”
I turned it over; I again saw. “Yes—she was a lady.”


“And he so dreadfully below,” said Mrs. Grose.
I felt that I doubtless needn’ t press too hard, in such

company, on the place of a servant in the scale; but there was
nothing to prevent an acceptance of my companion’s own
measure of my predecessor’s abasement. There was a way to
deal with that, and I dealt; the more readily for my full
vision—on the evidence—of our employer’s late clever,
good-looking “own” man; impudent, assured, spoiled,
depraved. “The fellow was a hound.”

Mrs. Grose considered as if it were perhaps a littl e a
case for a sense of shades. “ I’ve never seen one like him. He
did what he wished.”

“With her?”
“With them all .”
It was as if now in my friend’s own eyes Miss Jessel

had again appeared. I seemed at any rate, for an instant, to
see their evocation of her as distinctly as I had seen her by
the pond; and I brought out with decision: “ It must have been
also what she wished!”

Mrs. Grose’s face signified that it had been indeed, but
she said at the same time: “Poor woman—she paid for it!”

“Then you do know what she died of?” I asked.
“No—I know nothing. I wanted not to know; I was glad

enough I didn’ t; and I thanked heaven she was well out of

“Yet you had, then, your idea—”
“Of her real reason for leaving? Oh, yes—as to that.

She couldn’ t have stayed. Fancy it here—for a governess!
And afterwards I imagined—and I still im agine. And what I
imagine is dreadful.”

“Not so dreadful as what I do,” I replied; on which I
must have shown her—as I was indeed but too conscious—a
front of miserable defeat. It brought out again all her


compassion for me, and at the renewed touch of her kindness
my power to resist broke down. I burst, as I had, the other
time, made her burst, into tears; she took me to her motherly
breast, and my lamentation overflowed. “ I don’ t do it!” I
sobbed in despair; “ I don’ t save or shield them! It’ s far worse
than I dreamed—they’ re lost!”



WHAT I had said to Mrs. Grose was true enough: there were
in the matter I had put before her depths and possibiliti es that
I lacked resolution to sound; so that when we met once more
in the wonder of it we were of a common mind about the
duty of resistance to extravagant fancies. We were to keep
our heads if we should keep nothing else—diff icult indeed as
that might be in the face of what, in our prodigious
experience, was least to be questioned. Late that night, while
the house slept, we had another talk in my room, when she
went all the way with me as to its being beyond doubt that I
had seen exactly what I had seen. To hold her perfectly in the
pinch of that, I found I had only to ask her how, if I had
“made it up,” I came to be able to give, of each of the
persons appearing to me, a picture disclosing, to the last
detail , their special marks—a portrait on the exhibition of
which she had instantly recognised and named them. She
wished, of course,—small blame to her!—to sink the whole
subject; and I was quick to assure her that my own interest in
it had now violently taken the form of a search for the way to
escape from it. I encountered her on the ground of a
probabili ty that with recurrence—for recurrence we took for
granted—I should get used to my danger, distinctly
professing that my personal exposure had suddenly become
the least of my discomforts. It was my new suspicion that
was intolerable; and yet even to this complication the later
hours of the day had brought a littl e ease.

On leaving her, after my first outbreak, I had of course
returned to my pupils, associating the right remedy for my


dismay with that sense of their charm which I had already
found to be a thing I could positively cultivate and which had
never failed me yet. I had simply, in other words, plunged
afresh into Flora’s special society and there become aware—
it was almost a luxury!—that she could put her littl e
conscious hand straight upon the spot that ached. She had
looked at me in sweet speculation and then had accused me
to my face of having “cried.” I had supposed I had brushed
away the ugly signs: but I could literally—for the time, at all
events—rejoice, under this fathomless charity, that they had
not entirely disappeared. To gaze into the depths of blue of
the child’s eyes and pronounce their loveliness a trick of
premature cunning was to be guil ty of a cynicism in
preference to which I naturally preferred to abjure my
judgment and, so far as might be, my agitation. I couldn’ t
abjure for merely wanting to, but I could repeat to Mrs.
Grose—as I did there, over and over, in the small hours—
that with their voices in the air, their pressure on one’s heart
and their fragrant faces against one’s cheek, everything fell
to the ground but their incapacity and their beauty. It was a
pity that, somehow, to settle this once for all , I had equally to
re-enumerate the signs of subtlety that, in the afternoon, by
the lake, had made a miracle of my show of self-possession.
It was a pity to be obliged to re-investigate the certitude of
the moment itself and repeat how it had come to me as a
revelation that the inconceivable communion I then surprised
was a matter, for either party, of habit. It was a pity that I
should have had to quaver out again the reasons for my not
having, in my delusion, so much as questioned that the littl e
girl saw our visitant even as I actually saw Mrs. Grose
herself, and that she wanted, by just so much as she did thus
see, to make me suppose she didn’ t, and at the same time,
without showing anything, arrive at a guess as to whether I


myself did! It was a pity that I needed once more to describe
the portentous littl e activity by which she sought to divert
my attention—the perceptible increase of movement, the
greater intensity of play, the singing, the gabbling of
nonsense, and the invitation to romp.

Yet if I had not indulged, to prove there was nothing in
it, in this review, I should have missed the two or three dim
elements of comfort that still remained to me. I should not
for instance have been able to asseverate to my friend that I
was certain—which was so much to the good—that I at least
had not betrayed myself. I should not have been prompted,
by stress of need, by desperation of mind,—I scarce know
what to call it ,—to invoke such further aid to intelli gence as
might spring from pushing my colleague fairly to the wall .
She had told me, bit by bit, under pressure, a great deal; but a
small shifty spot on the wrong side of it all still sometimes
brushed my brow like the wing of a bat; and I remember how
on this occasion—for the sleeping house and the
concentration alike of our danger and our watch seemed to
help—I felt the importance of giving the last jerk to the
curtain. “ I don’ t believe anything so horrible,” I recollect
saying; “no, let us put it definitely, my dear, that I don’ t. But
if I did, you know, there’s a thing I should require now, just
without sparing you the least bit more—oh, not a scrap,
come!—to get out of you. What was it you had in mind
when, in our distress, before Miles came back, over the letter
from his school, you said, under my insistence, that you
didn’ t pretend for him that he had not literally ever been
‘bad’? He has not literally ‘ever,’ in these weeks that I
myself have lived with him and so closely watched him; he
has been an imperturbable littl e prodigy of delightful,
loveable goodness. Therefore you might perfectly have made
the claim for him if you had not, as it happened, seen an


exception to take. What was your exception, and to what
passage in your personal observation of him did you refer?”

It was a dreadfully austere inquiry, but levity was not
our note, and, at any rate, before the grey dawn admonished
us to separate I had got my answer. What my friend had had
in mind proved to be immensely to the purpose. It was
neither more nor less than the circumstance that for a period
of several months Quint and the boy had been perpetually
together. It was in fact the very appropriate truth that she had
ventured to criti cise the propriety, to hint at the incongruity,
of so close an alli ance, and even to go so far on the subject as
a frank overture to Miss Jessel. Miss Jessel had, with a most
strange manner, requested her to mind her business, and the
good woman had, on this, directly approached littl e Miles.
What she had said to him, since I pressed, was that she li ked
to see young gentlemen not forget their station.

I pressed again, of course, at this. “You reminded him
that Quint was only a base menial?”

“As you might say! And it was his answer, for one
thing, that was bad.”

“And for another thing?” I waited. “He repeated your
words to Quint?”

“No, not that. It’s just what he wouldn’ t!” she could still
impress upon me. “ I was sure, at any rate,” she added, “ that
he didn’ t. But he denied certain occasions.”

“What occasions?”
“When they had been about together quite as if Quint

were his tutor—and a very grand one—and Miss Jessel only
for the littl e lady. When he had gone off with the fellow, I
mean, and spent hours with him.”

“He then prevaricated about it—he said he hadn’ t?” Her
assent was clear enough to cause me to add in a moment: “ I
see. He lied.”


“Oh!” Mrs. Grose mumbled. This was a suggestion that
it didn’ t matter; which indeed she backed up by a further
remark. “You see, after all , Miss Jessel didn’ t mind. She
didn’ t forbid him.”

I considered. “Did he put that to you as a justification?”
At this she dropped again. “No, he never spoke of it.”
“Never mentioned her in connection with Quint?”
She saw, visibly flushing, where I was coming out.

“Well , he didn’ t show anything. He denied,” she repeated;
“he denied.”

Lord, how I pressed her now! “So that you could see he
knew what was between the two wretches?”

“ I don’ t know—I don’ t know!” the poor woman

“You do know, you dear thing,” I replied; “only you
haven’ t my dreadful boldness of mind, and you keep back,
out of timidity and modesty and delicacy, even the
impression that, in the past, when you had, without my aid,
to flounder about in silence, most of all made you miserable.
But I shall get it out of you yet! There was something in the
boy that suggested to you,” I continued, “ that he covered and
concealed their relation.”

“Oh, he couldn’ t prevent—”
“Your learning the truth? I dare say! But, heavens,” I

fell , with vehemence, a-thinking, “what it shows that they
must, to that extent, have succeeded in making of him!”

“Ah, nothing that’s not nice now!” Mrs. Grose
lugubriously pleaded.

“ I don’ t wonder you looked queer,” I persisted, “when I
mentioned to you the letter from his school!”

“ I doubt if I looked as queer as you!” she retorted with
homely force. “And if he was so bad then as that comes to,
how is he such an angel now?”


“Yes, indeed—and if he was a fiend at school! How,
how, how? Well ,” I said in my torment, “ you must put it to
me again, but I shall not be able to tell you for some days.
Only, put it to me again!” I cried in a way that made my
friend stare. “There are directions in which I must not for the
present let myself go.” Meanwhile I returned to her first
example—the one to which she had just previously
referred—of the boy’s happy capacity for an occasional slip.
“ If Quint—on your remonstrance at the time you speak of—
was a base menial, one of the things Miles said to you, I find
myself guessing, was that you were another.” Again her
admission was so adequate that I continued: “And you
forgave him that?”

“Wouldn’ t you?”
“Oh, yes!” And we exchanged there, in the still ness, a

sound of the oddest amusement. Then I went on: “At all
events, while he was with the man—”

“Miss Flora was with the woman. It suited them all!”
It suited me, too, I felt, only too well; by which I mean

that it suited exactly the particularly deadly view I was in the
very act of forbidding myself to entertain. But I so far
succeeded in checking the expression of this view that I wil l
throw, just here, no further light on it than may be offered by
the mention of my final observation to Mrs. Grose. “His
having lied and been impudent are, I confess, less engaging
specimens than I had hoped to have from you of the outbreak
in him of the littl e natural man. Still ,” I mused, “ they must
do, for they make me feel more than ever that I must watch.”

It made me blush, the next minute, to see in my friend’s
face how much more unreservedly she had forgiven him than
her anecdote struck me as presenting to my own tenderness
an occasion for doing. This came out when, at the


schoolroom door, she quitted me. “Surely you don’ t accuse

“Of carrying on an intercourse that he conceals from
me? Ah, remember that, until further evidence, I now accuse
nobody.” Then, before shutting her out to go, by another
passage, to her own place, “ I must just wait,” I wound up.



I WAITED and waited, and the days, as they elapsed, took
something from my consternation. A very few of them, in
fact, passing, in constant sight of my pupils, without a fresh
incident, suff iced to give to grievous fancies and even to
odious memories a kind of brush of the sponge. I have
spoken of the surrender to their extraordinary childish grace
as a thing I could actively cultivate, and it may be imagined
if I neglected now to address myself to this source for
whatever it would yield. Stranger than I can express,
certainly, was the effort to struggle against my new lights; it
would doubtless have been, however, a greater tension still
had it not been so frequently successful. I used to wonder
how my littl e charges could help guessing that I thought
strange things about them; and the circumstance that these
things only made them more interesting was not by itself a
direct aid to keeping them in the dark. I trembled lest they
should see that they were so immensely more interesting.
Putting things at the worst, at all events, as in meditation I so
often did, any clouding of their innocence could only be—
blameless and foredoomed as they were—a reason the more
for taking risks. There were moments when, by an irresistible
impulse, I found myself catching them up and pressing them
to my heart. As soon as I had done so I used to say to myself:
“What will they think of that? Doesn’ t it betray too much?”
It would have been easy to get into a sad, wild tangle about
how much I might betray; but the real account, I feel, of the
hours of peace that I could still enjoy was that the immediate
charm of my companions was a beguilement still effective


even under the shadow of the possibili ty that it was studied.
For if it occurred to me that I might occasionally excite
suspicion by the littl e outbreaks of my sharper passion for
them, so too I remember wondering if I mightn’ t see a
queerness in the traceable increase of their own

They were at this period extravagantly and
preternaturally fond of me; which, after all , I could reflect,
was no more than a graceful response in children perpetually
bowed over and hugged. The homage of which they were so
lavish succeeded, in truth, for my nerves, quite as well as if I
never appeared to myself, as I may say, literally to catch
them at a purpose in it. They had never, I think, wanted to do
so many things for their poor protectress; I mean—though
they got their lessons better and better, which was naturally
what would please her most—in the way of diverting,
entertaining, surprising her; reading her passages, telli ng her
stories, acting her charades, pouncing out at her, in disguises,
as animals and historical characters, and above all
astonishing her by the “pieces” they had secretly got by heart
and could interminably recite. I should never get to the
bottom—were I to let myself go even now—of the
prodigious private commentary, all under still more private
correction, with which, in these days, I overscored their full
hours. They had shown me from the first a facili ty for
everything, a general faculty which, taking a fresh start,
achieved remarkable flights. They got their littl e tasks as if
they loved them, and indulged, from the mere exuberance of
the gift, in the most unimposed littl e miracles of memory.
They not only popped out at me as tigers and as Romans, but
as Shakespeareans, astronomers, and navigators. This was so
singularly the case that it had presumably much to do with
the fact as to which, at the present day, I am at a loss for a


different explanation: I allude to my unnatural composure on
the subject of another school for Miles. What I remember is
that I was content not, for the time, to open the question, and
that contentment must have sprung from the sense of his
perpetually striking show of cleverness. He was too clever
for a bad governess, for a parson’s daughter, to spoil; and the
strangest if not the brightest thread in the pensive embroidery
I just spoke of was the impression I might have got, if I had
dared to work it out, that he was under some influence
operating in his small i ntellectual li fe as a tremendous

If it was easy to reflect, however, that such a boy could
postpone school, it was at least as marked that for such a boy
to have been “kicked out” by a school-master was a
mystification without end. Let me add that in their company
now—and I was careful almost never to be out of it—I could
follow no scent very far. We lived in a cloud of music and
love and success and private theatricals. The musical sense
in each of the children was of the quickest, but the elder in
especial had a marvellous knack of catching and repeating.
The schoolroom piano broke into all gruesome fancies; and
when that failed there were confabulations in corners, with a
sequel of one of them going out in the highest spirits in order
to “come in” as something new. I had had brothers myself,
and it was no revelation to me that littl e girls could be
slavish idolaters of littl e boys. What surpassed everything
was that there was a littl e boy in the world who could have
for the inferior age, sex, and intelli gence so fine a
consideration. They were extraordinarily at one, and to say
that they never either quarrelled or complained is to make
the note of praise coarse for their quali ty of sweetness.
Sometimes, indeed, when I dropped into coarseness, I
perhaps came across traces of littl e understandings between


them by which one of them should keep me occupied while
the other slipped away. There is a naïf side, I suppose, in all
diplomacy; but if my pupils practised upon me, it was surely
with the minimum of grossness. It was all i n the other
quarter that, after a lull , the grossness broke out.

I find that I really hang back; but I must take my
plunge. In going on with the record of what was hideous at
Bly, I not only challenge the most liberal faith—for which I
littl e care; but—and this is another matter—I renew what I
myself suffered, I again push my way through it to the end.
There came suddenly an hour after which, as I look back, the
affair seems to me to have been all pure suffering; but I have
at least reached the heart of it, and the straightest road out is
doubtless to advance. One evening—with nothing to lead up
or to prepare it—I felt the cold touch of the impression that
had breathed on me the night of my arrival and which, much
lighter then, as I have mentioned, I should probably have
made littl e of in memory had my subsequent sojourn been
less agitated. I had not gone to bed; I sat reading by a couple
of candles. There was a roomful of old books at Bly—last-
century fiction, some of it, which, to the extent of a distinctly
deprecated renown, but never to so much as that of a stray
specimen, had reached the sequestered home and appealed to
the unavowed curiosity of my youth. I remember that the
book I had in my hand was Fielding’s Amelia; also that I was
wholly awake. I recall further both a general conviction that
it was horribly late and a particular objection to looking at
my watch. I figure, finally, that the white curtain draping, in
the fashion of those days, the head of Flora’s littl e bed,
shrouded, as I had assured myself long before, the perfection
of childish rest. I recollect in short that, though I was deeply
interested in my author, I found myself, at the turn of a page
and with his spell all scattered, looking straight up from him


and hard at the door of my room. There was a moment
during which I li stened, reminded of the faint sense I had
had, the first night, of there being something undefineably
astir in the house, and noted the soft breath of the open
casement just move the half-drawn blind. Then, with all the
marks of a deliberation that must have seemed magnificent
had there been anyone to admire it, I laid down my book,
rose to my feet, and, taking a candle, went straight out of the
room and, from the passage, on which my light made littl e
impression, noiselessly closed and locked the door.

I can say now neither what determined nor what guided
me, but I went straight along the lobby, holding my candle
high, till I came within sight of the tall window that presided
over the great turn of the staircase. At this point I
precipitately found myself aware of three things. They were
practically simultaneous, yet they had flashes of succession.
My candle, under a bold flourish, went out, and I perceived,
by the uncovered window, that the yielding dusk of earliest
morning rendered it unnecessary. Without it, the next instant,
I saw that there was someone on the stair. I speak of
sequences, but I required no lapse of seconds to stiffen
myself for a third encounter with Quint. The apparition had
reached the landing halfway up and was therefore on the spot
nearest the window, where at sight of me, it stopped short
and fixed me exactly as it had fixed me from the tower and
from the garden. He knew me as well as I knew him; and so,
in the cold, faint twili ght, with a glimmer in the high glass
and another on the polish of the oak stair below, we faced
each other in our common intensity. He was absolutely, on
this occasion, a li ving, detestable, dangerous presence. But
that was not the wonder of wonders; I reserve this distinction
for quite another circumstance: the circumstance that dread


had unmistakably quitted me and that there was nothing in
me there that didn’ t meet and measure him.

I had plenty of anguish after that extraordinary moment,
but I had, thank God, no terror. And he knew I had not—I
found myself at the end of an instant magnificently aware of
this. I felt, in a fierce rigour of confidence, that if I stood my
ground a minute I should cease—for the time, at least—to
have him to reckon with; and during the minute, accordingly,
the thing was as human and hideous as a real interview:
hideous just because it was human, as human as to have met
alone, in the small hours, in a sleeping house, some enemy,
some adventurer, some criminal. It was the dead silence of
our long gaze at such close quarters that gave the whole
horror, huge as it was, its only note of the unnatural. If I had
met a murderer in such a place and at such an hour, we stil l
at least would have spoken. Something would have passed,
in li fe, between us; if nothing had passed, one of us would
have moved. The moment was so prolonged that it would
have taken but littl e more to make me doubt if even I were in
li fe. I can’ t express what followed it save by saying that the
silence itself—which was indeed in a manner an attestation
of my strength—became the element into which I saw the
figure disappear; in which I definitely saw it turn as I might
have seen the low wretch to which it had once belonged turn
on receipt of an order, and pass, with my eyes on the
vill ainous back that no hunch could have more disfigured,
straight down the staircase and into the darkness in which the
next bend was lost.



I REMAINED awhile at the top of the stair, but with the effect
presently of understanding that when my visitor had gone, he
had gone: then I returned to my room. The foremost thing I
saw there by the light of the candle I had left burning was
that Flora’s littl e bed was empty; and on this I caught my
breath with all the terror that, five minutes before, I had been
able to resist. I dashed at the place in which I had left her
lying and over which (for the small silk counterpane and the
sheets were disarranged) the white curtains had been
deceivingly pulled forward; then my step, to my unutterable
relief, produced an answering sound: I perceived an agitation
of the window-blind, and the child, ducking down, emerged
rosily from the other side of it. She stood there in so much of
her candour and so litt le of her nightgown, with her pink
bare feet and the golden glow of her curls. She looked
intensely grave, and I had never had such a sense of losing
an advantage acquired (the thrill of which had just been so
prodigious) as on my consciousness that she addressed me
with a reproach. “You naughty: where have you been?”—
instead of challenging her own irregularity I found myself
arraigned and explaining. She herself explained, for that
matter, with the loveliest, eagerest simplicity. She had
known suddenly, as she lay there, that I was out of the room,
and had jumped up to see what had become of me. I had
dropped, with the joy of her reappearance, back into my
chair—feeling then, and then only, a littl e faint; and she had
pattered straight over to me, thrown herself upon my knee,
given herself to be held with the flame of the candle full i n


the wonderful littl e face that was still flushed with sleep. I
remember closing my eyes an instant, yielding, consciously,
as before the excess of something beautiful that shone out of
the blue of her own. “You were looking for me out of the
window?” I said. “You thought I might be walking in the

“Well , you know, I thought someone was”—she never
blanched as she smiled out that at me.

Oh, how I looked at her now! “And did you see

“Ah, no!” she returned, almost with the full privilege of
childish inconsequence, resentfully, though with a long
sweetness in her littl e drawl of the negative.

At that moment, in the state of my nerves, I absolutely
believed she lied; and if I once more closed my eyes it was
before the dazzle of the three or four possible ways in which
I might take this up. One of these, for a moment, tempted me
with such singular intensity that, to withstand it, I must have
gripped my littl e girl with a spasm that, wonderfully, she
submitted to without a cry or a sign of fright. Why not break
out at her on the spot and have it all over?—give it to her
straight in her lovely littl e lighted face? “You see, you see,
you know that you do and that you already quite suspect I
believe it; therefore, why not frankly confess it to me, so that
we may at least live with it together and learn perhaps, in the
strangeness of our fate, where we are and what it means?”
This solicitation dropped, alas, as it came: if I could
immediately have succumbed to it I might have spared
myself—well , you’ ll see what. Instead of succumbing I
sprang again to my feet, looked at her bed, and took a
helpless middle way. “Why did you pull the curtain over the
place to make me think you were still t here?”


Flora luminously considered; after which, with her littl e
divine smile: “Because I don’ t like to frighten you!”

“But if I had, by your idea, gone out—?”
She absolutely declined to be puzzled; she turned her

eyes to the flame of the candle as if the question were as
irrelevant, or at any rate as impersonal, as Mrs. Marcet or
nine-times-nine. “Oh, but you know,” she quite adequately
answered, “ that you might come back, you dear, and that you
have!” And after a littl e, when she had got into bed, I had,
for a long time, by almost sitting on her to hold her hand, to
prove that I recognised the pertinence of my return.

You may imagine the general complexion, from that
moment, of my nights. I repeatedly sat up till I didn’ t know
when; I selected moments when my room-mate
unmistakeably slept, and, stealing out, took noiseless turns in
the passage and even pushed as far as to where I had last met
Quint. But I never met him there again; and I may as well
say at once that I on no other occasion saw him in the house.
I just missed, on the staircase, on the other hand, a different
adventure. Looking down it from the top I once recognised
the presence of a woman seated on one of the lower steps
with her back presented to me, her body half bowed and her
head, in an attitude of woe, in her hands. I had been there but
an instant, however, when she vanished without looking
round at me. I knew, none the less, exactly what dreadful
face she had to show; and I wondered whether, if instead of
being above I had been below, I should have had, for going
up, the same nerve I had lately shown Quint. Well , there
continued to be plenty of chance for nerve. On the eleventh
night after my last encounter with that gentleman—they
were all numbered now—I had an alarm that perilously
skirted it and that indeed, from the particular quali ty of its
unexpectedness, proved quite my sharpest shock. It was


precisely the first night during this series that, weary with
watching, I had felt that I might again without laxity lay
myself down at my old hour. I slept immediately and, as I
afterwards know, till about one o’clock; but when I woke it
was to sit straight up, as completely roused as if a hand had
shook me. I had left a light burning, but it was now out, and I
felt an instant certainty that Flora had extinguished it. This
brought me to my feet and straight, in the darkness, to her
bed, which I found she had left. A glance at the window
enlightened me further, and the striking of a match
completed the picture.

The child had again got up—this time blowing out the
taper, and had again, for some purpose of observation or
response, squeezed in behind the blind and was peering out
into the night. That she now saw—as she had not, I had
satisfied myself, the previous time—was proved to me by the
fact that she was disturbed neither by my re-ill umination nor
by the haste I made to get into slippers and into a wrap.
Hidden, protected, absorbed, she evidently rested on the
sill —the casement opened forward—and gave herself up.
There was a great still moon to help her, and this fact had
counted in my quick decision. She was face to face with the
apparition we had met at the lake, and could now
communicate with it as she had not then been able to do.
What I, on my side, had to care for was, without disturbing
her, to reach, from the corridor, some other window in the
same quarter. I got to the door without her hearing me; I got
out of it, closed it and listened, from the other side, for some
sound from her. While I stood in the passage I had my eyes
on her brother’s door, which was but ten steps off and which,
indescribably, produced in me a renewal of the strange
impulse that I lately spoke of as my temptation. What if I
should go straight in and march to his window?—what if, by


risking to his boyish bewilderment a revelation of my
motive, I should throw across the rest of the mystery the long
halter of my boldness?

This thought held me suff iciently to make me cross to
his threshold and pause again. I preternaturally li stened; I
figured to myself what might portentously be; I wondered if
his bed were also empty and he too were secretly at watch. It
was a deep, soundless minute, at the end of which my
impulse failed. He was quiet; he might be innocent; the risk
was hideous; I turned away. There was a figure in the
grounds—a figure prowling for a sight, the visitor with
whom Flora was engaged; but it was not the visitor most
concerned with my boy. I hesitated afresh, but on other
grounds and only a few seconds; then I had made my choice.
There were empty rooms at Bly, and it was only a question
of choosing the right one. The right one suddenly presented
itself to me as the lower one—though high above the
gardens—in the solid corner of the house that I have spoken
of as the old tower. This was a large, square chamber,
arranged with some state as a bedroom, the extravagant size
of which made it so inconvenient that it had not for years,
though kept by Mrs. Grose in exemplary order, been
occupied. I had often admired it and I knew my way about in
it; I had only, after just faltering at the first chill gloom of its
disuse, to pass across it and unbolt as quietly as I could one
of the shutters. Achieving this transit, I uncovered the glass
without a sound and, applying my face to the pane, was able,
the darkness without being much less than within, to see that
I commanded the right direction. Then I saw something
more. The moon made the night extraordinarily penetrable
and showed me on the lawn a person, diminished by
distance, who stood there motionless and as if fascinated,
looking up to where I had appeared—looking, that is, not so


much straight at me as at something that was apparently
above me. There was clearly another person above me—
there was a person on the tower; but the presence on the
lawn was not in the least what I had conceived and had
confidently hurried to meet. The presence on the lawn—I felt
sick as I made it out—was poor littl e Miles himself.



IT was not till l ate next day that I spoke to Mrs. Grose; the
rigour with which I kept my pupils in sight making it often
diff icult to meet her privately, and the more as we each felt
the importance of not provoking—on the part of the servants
quite as much as on that of the children—any suspicion of a
secret flurry or of a discussion of mysteries. I drew a great
security in this particular from her mere smooth aspect.
There was nothing in her fresh face to pass on to others my
horrible confidences. She believed me, I was sure,
absolutely: if she hadn’ t I don’ t know what would have
become of me, for I couldn’ t have borne the business alone.
But she was a magnificent monument to the blessing of a
want of imagination, and if she could see in our littl e charges
nothing but their beauty and amiabili ty, their happiness and
cleverness, she had no direct communication with the
sources of my trouble. If they had been at all visibly blighted
or battered, she would doubtless have grown, on tracing it
back, haggard enough to match them; as matters stood,
however, I could feel her, when she surveyed them, with her
large white arms folded and the habit of serenity in all her
look, thank the Lord’s mercy that if they were ruined the
pieces would still serve. Flights of fancy gave place, in her
mind, to a steady fireside glow, and I had already begun to
perceive how, with the development of the conviction that—
as time went on without a public accident—our young things
could, after all , look out for themselves, she addressed her
greatest solicitude to the sad case presented by their
instructress. That, for myself, was a sound simpli fication: I


could engage that, to the world, my face should tell no tales,
but it would have been, in the conditions, an immense added
strain to find myself anxious about hers.

At the hour I now speak of she had joined me, under
pressure, on the terrace, where, with the lapse of the season,
the afternoon sun was now agreeable; and we sat there
together while, before us, at a distance, but within call i f we
wished, the children strolled to and fro in one of their most
manageable moods. They moved slowly, in unison, below
us, over the lawn, the boy, as they went, reading aloud from
a storybook and passing his arm round his sister to keep her
quite in touch. Mrs. Grose watched them with positive
placidity; then I caught the suppressed intellectual creak with
which she conscientiously turned to take from me a view of
the back of the tapestry. I had made her a receptacle of lurid
things, but there was an odd recognition of my superiority—
my accomplishments and my function—in her patience
under my pain. She offered her mind to my disclosures as,
had I wished to mix a witch’s broth and proposed it with
assurance, she would have held out a large clean saucepan.
This had become thoroughly her attitude by the time that, in
my recital of the events of the night, I reached the point of
what Miles had said to me when, after seeing him, at such a
monstrous hour, almost on the very spot where he happened
now to be, I had gone down to bring him in; choosing then,
at the window, with a concentrated need of not alarming the
house, rather that method than a signal more resonant. I had
left her meanwhile in littl e doubt of my small hope of
representing with success even to her actual sympathy my
sense of the real splendour of the littl e inspiration with
which, after I had got him into the house, the boy met my
final articulate challenge. As soon as I appeared in the
moonlight on the terrace, he had come to me as straight as


possible; on which I had taken his hand without a word and
led him, through the dark spaces, up the staircase where
Quint had so hungrily hovered for him, along the lobby
where I had listened and trembled, and so to his forsaken

Not a sound, on the way, had passed between us, and I
had wondered—oh, how I had wondered!—if he were
groping about in his litt le mind for something plausible and
not too grotesque. It would tax his invention, certainly, and I
felt, this time, over his real embarrassment, a curious thrill of
triumph. It was a sharp trap for the inscrutable! He couldn’ t
play any longer at innocence; so how the deuce would he get
out of it? There beat in me indeed, with the passionate throb
of this question, an equal dumb appeal as to how the deuce I
should. I was confronted at last, as never yet, with all the risk
attached even now to sounding my own horrid note. I
remember in fact that as we pushed into his litt le chamber,
where the bed had not been slept in at all and the window,
uncovered to the moonlight, made the place so clear that
there was no need of striking a match—I remember how I
suddenly dropped, sank upon the edge of the bed from the
force of the idea that he must know how he really, as they
say, “had” me. He could do what he liked, with all his
cleverness to help him, so long as I should continue to defer
to the old tradition of the criminali ty of those caretakers of
the young who minister to superstitions and fears. He “had”
me indeed, and in a cleft stick; for who would ever absolve
me, who would consent that I should go unhung, if, by the
faintest tremor of an overture, I were the first to introduce
into our perfect intercourse an element so dire? No, no: it
was useless to attempt to convey to Mrs. Grose, just as it is
scarcely less so to attempt to suggest here, how, in our short,
stiff brush in the dark, he fairly shook me with admiration. I


was of course thoroughly kind and merciful; never, never yet
had I placed on his lit tle shoulders hands of such tenderness
as those with which, while I rested against the bed, I held
him there well under fire. I had no alternative but, in form at
least, to put it to him.

“You must tell me now—and all the truth. What did you
go out for? What were you doing there?”

I can still see his wonderful smile, the whites of his
beautiful eyes, and the uncovering of his littl e teeth shine to
me in the dusk. “ If I tell you why, will you understand?” My
heart, at this, leaped into my mouth. Would he tell me why? I
found no sound on my lips to press it, and I was aware of
replying only with a vague, repeated, grimacing nod. He was
gentleness itself, and while I wagged my head at him he
stood there more than ever a littl e fairy prince. It was his
brightness indeed that gave me a respite. Would it be so
great if he were really going to tell me? “Well ,” he said at
last, “ just exactly in order that you should do this.”

“Do what?”
“Think me—for a change—bad!” I shall never forget

the sweetness and gaiety with which he brought out the
word, nor how, on top of it, he bent forward and kissed me.
It was practically the end of everything. I met his kiss and I
had to make, while I folded him for a minute in my arms, the
most stupendous effort not to cry. He had given exactly the
account of himself that permitted least of my going behind it,
and it was only with the effect of confirming my acceptance
of it that, as I presently glanced about the room, I could

“Then you didn’ t undress at all?”
He fairly glittered in the gloom. “Not at all . I sat up and

“And when did you go down?”


“At midnight. When I’m bad I am bad!”
“ I see, I see—it’s charming. But how could you be sure

I would know it?”
“Oh, I arranged that with Flora.” His answers rang out

with a readiness! “She was to get up and look out.”
“Which is what she did do.” It was I who fell i nto the

“So she disturbed you, and, to see what she was looking

at, you also looked—you saw.”
“While you,” I concurred, “caught your death in the

night air!”
He literally bloomed so from this exploit that he could

afford radiantly to assent. “How otherwise should I have
been bad enough?” he asked. Then, after another embrace,
the incident and our interview closed on my recognition of
all the reserves of goodness that, for his joke, he had been
able to draw upon.



THE particular impression I had received proved in the
morning light, I repeat, not quite successfully presentable to
Mrs. Grose, though I reinforced it with the mention of stil l
another remark that he had made before we separated. “ It all
lies in half-a-dozen words,” I said to her, “words that really
settle the matter. ‘Think, you know, what I might do!’ He
threw that off to show me how good he is. He knows down
to the ground what he ‘might’ do. That’s what he gave them
a taste of at school.”

“Lord, you do change!” cried my friend.
“ I don’ t change—I simply make it out. The four,

depend upon it, perpetually meet. If on either of these last
nights you had been with either child, you would clearly
have understood. The more I’ve watched and waited the
more I’ ve felt that if there were nothing else to make it sure
it would be made so by the systematic silence of each. Never,
by a slip of the tongue, have they so much as alluded to
either of their old friends, any more than Miles has alluded to
his expulsion. Oh, yes, we may sit here and look at them, and
they may show off to us there to their fill; but even while
they pretend to be lost in their fairy-tale they’ re steeped in
their vision of the dead restored. He’s not reading to her,” I
declared; “ they’ re talking of them—they’ re talking horrors! I
go on, I know, as if I were crazy; and it’s a wonder I’m not.
What I’ve seen would have made you so; but it has only
made me more lucid, made me get hold of still other things.”

My lucidity must have seemed awful, but the charming
creatures who were victims of it, passing and repassing in


their interlocked sweetness, gave my colleague something to
hold on by; and I felt how tight she held as, without stirring
in the breath of my passion, she covered them still with her
eyes. “Of what other things have you got hold?”

“Why, of the very things that have delighted, fascinated,
and yet, at bottom, as I now so strangely see, mystified and
troubled me. Their more than earthly beauty, their absolutely
unnatural goodness. It’s a game,” I went on; “ it’s a policy
and a fraud!”

“On the part of littl e darlings—?”
“As yet mere lovely babies? Yes, mad as that seems!”

The very act of bringing it out really helped me to trace it—
follow it all up and piece it all together. “They haven’ t been
good—they’ve only been absent. It has been easy to li ve
with them, because they’re simply leading a li fe of their
own. They’ re not mine—they’ re not ours. They’re his and
they’ re hers!”

“Quint’s and that woman’s?”
“Quint’s and that woman’s. They want to get to them.”
Oh, how, at this, poor Mrs. Grose appeared to study

them! “But for what?”
“For the love of all the evil that, in those dreadful days,

the pair put into them. And to ply them with that evil still , to
keep up the work of demons, is what brings the others back.”

“Laws!” said my friend under her breath. The
exclamation was homely, but it revealed a real acceptance of
my further proof of what, in the bad time—for there had
been a worse even than this!—must have occurred. There
could have been no such justification for me as the plain
assent of her experience to whatever depth of depravity I
found credible in our brace of scoundrels. It was in obvious
submission of memory that she brought out after a moment:


“They were rascals! But what can they now do?” she

“Do?” I echoed so loud that Miles and Flora, as they
passed at their distance, paused an instant in their walk and
looked at us. “Don’ t they do enough?” I demanded in a
lower tone, while the children, having smiled and nodded
and kissed hands to us, resumed their exhibition. We were
held by it a minute; then I answered: “They can destroy
them!” At this my companion did turn, but the inquiry she
launched was a silent one, the effect of which was to make
me more explicit. “They don’ t know, as yet, quite how—but
they’ re trying hard. They’re seen only across, as it were, and
beyond—in strange places and on high places, the top of
towers, the roof of houses, the outside of windows, the
further edge of pools; but there’s a deep design, on either
side, to shorten the distance and overcome the obstacle; and
the success of the tempters is only a question of time.
They’ve only to keep to their suggestions of danger.”

“For the children to come?”
“And perish in the attempt!” Mrs. Grose slowly got up,

and I scrupulously added: “Unless, of course, we can

Standing there before me while I kept my seat, she
visibly turned things over. “Their uncle must do the
preventing. He must take them away.”

“And who’s to make him?”
She had been scanning the distance, but she now

dropped on me a foolish face. “You, Miss.”
“By writing to him that his house is poisoned and his

littl e nephew and niece mad?”
“But if they are, Miss?”


“And if I am myself, you mean? That’s charming news
to be sent him by a governess whose prime undertaking was
to give him no worry.”

Mrs. Grose considered, following the children again.
“Yes, he do hate worry. That was the great reason—”

“Why those fiends took him in so long? No doubt,
though his indifference must have been awful. As I’m not a
fiend, at any rate, I shouldn’ t take him in.”

My companion, after an instant and for all answer, sat
down again and grasped my arm. “Make him at any rate
come to you.”

I stared. “To me?” I had a sudden fear of what she
might do. “ ‘Him’?”

“He ought to be here—he ought to help.”
I quickly rose, and I think I must have shown her a

queerer face than ever yet. “You see me asking him for a
visit?” No, with her eyes on my face she evidently couldn’ t.
Instead of it even—as a woman reads another—she could see
what I myself saw: his derision, his amusement, his contempt
for the break-down of my resignation at being left alone and
for the fine machinery I had set in motion to attract his
attention to my slighted charms. She didn’ t know—no one
knew—how proud I had been to serve him and to stick to our
terms; yet she none the less took the measure, I think, of the
warning I now gave her. “ If you should so lose your head as
to appeal to him for me—”

She was really frightened. “Yes, Miss?”
“ I would leave, on the spot, both him and you.”



IT was all very well to join them, but speaking to them
proved quite as much as ever an effort beyond my strength—
offered, in close quarters, diff iculties as insurmountable as
before. This situation continued a month, and with new
aggravations and particular notes, the note above all , sharper
and sharper, of the small i ronic consciousness on the part of
my pupils. It was not, I am as sure today as I was sure then,
my mere infernal imagination: it was absolutely traceable
that they were aware of my predicament and that this strange
relation made, in a manner, for a long time, the air in which
we moved. I don’ t mean that they had their tongues in their
cheeks or did anything vulgar, for that was not one of their
dangers: I do mean, on the other hand, that the element of the
unnamed and untouched became, between us, greater than
any other, and that so much avoidance could not have been
so successfully effected without a great deal of tacit
arrangement. It was as if, at moments, we were perpetually
coming into sight of subjects before which we must stop
short, turning suddenly out of alleys that we perceived to be
blind, closing with a littl e bang that made us look at each
other—for, li ke all bangs, it was something louder than we
had intended—the doors we had indiscreetly opened. All
roads lead to Rome, and there were times when it might have
struck us that almost every branch of study or subject of
conversation skirted forbidden ground. Forbidden ground
was the question of the return of the dead in general and of
whatever, in especial, might survive, in memory, of the
friends littl e children had lost. There were days when I could


have sworn that one of them had, with a small i nvisible
nudge, said to the other: “She thinks she’ ll do it this time—
but she won’ t!” To “do it” would have been to indulge for
instance—and for once in a way—in some direct reference to
the lady who had prepared them for my discipline. They had
a delightful endless appetite for passages in my own history,
to which I had again and again treated them; they were in
possession of everything that had ever happened to me, had
had, with every circumstance, the story of my smallest
adventures and of those of my brothers and sisters and of the
cat and the dog at home, as well as many particulars of the
eccentric nature of my father, of the furniture and
arrangement of our house, and of the conversation of the old
women of our vill age. There were things enough, taking one
with another, to chatter about, if one went very fast and knew
by instinct when to go round. They pulled with an art of their
own the strings of my invention and my memory; and
nothing else perhaps, when I thought of such occasions
afterwards, gave me so the suspicion of being watched from
under cover. It was in any case over my li fe, my past, and my
friends alone that we could take anything like our ease—a
state of affairs that led them sometimes without the least
pertinence to break out into sociable reminders. I was
invited—with no visible connection—to repeat afresh Goody
Gosling’s celebrated mot or to confirm the details already
supplied as to the cleverness of the vicarage pony.

It was partly at such junctures as these and partly at
quite different ones that, with the turn my matters had now
taken, my predicament, as I have called it, grew most
sensible. The fact that the days passed for me without
another encounter ought, it would have appeared, to have
done something toward soothing my nerves. Since the light
brush, that second night on the upper landing, of the


presence of a woman at the foot of the stair, I had seen
nothing, whether in or out of the house, that one had better
not have seen. There was many a corner round which I
expected to come upon Quint, and many a situation that, in a
merely sinister way, would have favoured the appearance of
Miss Jessel. The summer had turned, the summer had gone;
the autumn had dropped upon Bly and had blown out half
our lights. The place, with its grey sky and withered
garlands, its bared spaces and scattered dead leaves, was like
a theatre after the performance—all strewn with crumpled
playbill s. There were exactly states of the air, conditions of
sound and of still ness, unspeakable impressions of the kind
of ministering moment, that brought back to me, long
enough to catch it, the feeling of the medium in which, that
June evening out-of-doors, I had had my first sight of Quint,
and in which, too, at those other instants, I had, after seeing
him through the window, looked for him in vain in the circle
of shrubbery. I recognised the signs, the portents—I
recognised the moment, the spot. But they remained
unaccompanied and empty, and I continued unmolested; if
unmolested one could call a young woman whose sensibili ty
had, in the most extraordinary fashion, not declined but
deepened. I had said in my talk with Mrs. Grose on that
horrid scene of Flora’s by the lake—and had perplexed her
by so saying—that it would from that moment distress me
much more to lose my power than to keep it. I had then
expressed what was vividly in my mind: the truth that,
whether the children reall y saw or not—since, that is, it was
not yet definitely proved—I greatly preferred, as a safeguard,
the fulness of my own exposure. I was ready to know the
very worst that was to be known. What I had then had an
ugly glimpse of was that my eyes might be sealed just while
theirs were most opened. Well , my eyes were sealed, it


appeared, at present—a consummation for which it seemed
blasphemous not to thank God. There was, alas, a diff iculty
about that: I would have thanked him with all my soul had I
not had in a proportionate measure this conviction of the
secret of my pupils.

How can I retrace today the strange steps of my
obsession? There were times of our being together when I
would have been ready to swear that, literally, in my
presence, but with my direct sense of it closed, they had
visitors who were known and were welcome. Then it was
that, had I not been deterred by the very chance that such an
injury might prove greater than the injury to be averted, my
exultation would have broken out. “They’ re here, they’ re
here, you littl e wretches,” I would have cried, “and you can’ t
deny it now!” The littl e wretches denied it with all the added
volume of their sociabili ty and their tenderness, in just the
crystal depths of which—like the flash of a fish in a
stream—the mockery of their advantage peeped up. The
shock, in truth, had sunk into me still deeper than I knew on
the night when, looking out to see either Quint or Miss Jessel
under the stars, I had beheld the boy over whose rest I
watched and who had immediately brought in with him—
had straightway, there, turned it on me—the lovely upward
look with which, from the battlements above me, the hideous
apparition of Quint had played. If it was a question of a
scare, my discovery on this occasion had scared me more
than any other, and it was in the condition of nerves
produced by it that I made my actual inductions. They
harassed me so that sometimes, at odd moments, I shut
myself up audibly to rehearse—it was at once a fantastic
relief and a renewed despair—the manner in which I might
come to the point. I approached it from one side and the
other while, in my room, I flung myself about, but I always


broke down in the monstrous utterance of names. As they
died away on my lips, I said to myself that I should indeed
help them to represent something infamous if, by
pronouncing them, I should violate as rare a little case of
instinctive delicacy as any schoolroom, probably, had ever
known. When I said to myself: “They have the manners to be
silent, and you, trusted as you are, the baseness to speak!” I
felt myself crimson and I covered my face with my hands.
After these secret scenes I chattered more than ever, going
on volubly enough ’ til one of our prodigious, palpable
hushes occurred—I can call them nothing else—the strange,
dizzy li ft or swim (I try for terms!) into a still ness, a pause of
all li fe, that had nothing to do with the more or less noise
that at the moment we might be engaged in making and that I
could hear through any deepened exhilaration or quickened
recitation or louder strum of the piano. Then it was that the
others, the outsiders, were there. Though they were not
angels, they “passed,” as the French say, causing me, while
they stayed, to tremble with the fear of their addressing to
their younger victims some yet more infernal message or
more vivid image than they had thought good enough for

What it was most impossible to get rid of was the cruel
idea that, whatever I had seen, Miles and Flora saw more—
things terrible and unguessable and that sprang from dreadful
passages of intercourse in the past. Such things naturally left
on the surface, for the time, a chill which we vociferously
denied that we felt; and we had, all three, with repetition, got
into such splendid training that we went, each time, almost
automatically, to mark the close of the incident, through the
very same movements. It was striking of the children, at all
events, to kiss me inveterately with a kind of wild
irrelevance and never to fail—one or the other—of the


precious question that had helped us through many a peril .
“When do you think he will come? Don’ t you think we ought
to write?”—there was nothing like that inquiry, we found by
experience, for carrying off an awkwardness. “He” of course
was their uncle in Harley Street; and we lived in much
profusion of theory that he might at any moment arrive to
mingle in our circle. It was impossible to have given less
encouragement than he had done to such a doctrine, but if we
had not had the doctrine to fall back upon we should have
deprived each other of some of our finest exhibitions. He
never wrote to them—that may have been selfish, but it was
a part of the flattery of his trust of me; for the way in which a
man pays his highest tribute to a woman is apt to be but by
the more festal celebration of one of the sacred laws of his
comfort; and I held that I carried out the spirit of the pledge
given not to appeal to him when I let my charges understand
that their own letters were but charming literary exercises.
They were too beautiful to be posted; I kept them myself; I
have them all to this hour. This was a rule indeed which only
added to the satiric effect of my being plied with the
supposition that he might at any moment be among us. It was
exactly as if my charges knew how almost more awkward
than anything else that might be for me. There appears to me,
moreover, as I look back, no note in all this more
extraordinary than the mere fact that, in spite of my tension
and of their triumph, I never lost patience with them.
Adorable they must in truth have been, I now reflect, that I
didn’ t in these days hate them! Would exasperation,
however, if relief had longer been postponed, finally have
betrayed me? It littl e matters, for relief arrived. I call it relief,
though it was only the relief that a snap brings to a strain or
the burst of a thunderstorm to a day of suffocation. It was at
least change, and it came with a rush.



WALKING to church a certain Sunday morning, I had littl e
Miles at my side and his sister, in advance of us and at Mrs.
Grose’s, well i n sight. It was a crisp, clear day, the first of its
order for some time; the night had brought a touch of frost,
and the autumn air, bright and sharp, made the church-bells
almost gay. It was an odd accident of thought that I should
have happened at such a moment to be particularly and very
gratefully struck with the obedience of my littl e charges.
Why did they never resent my inexorable, my perpetual
society? Something or other had brought nearer home to me
that I had all but pinned the boy to my shawl and that, in the
way our companions were marshalled before me, I might
have appeared to provide against some danger of rebelli on. I
was like a gaoler with an eye to possible surprises and
escapes. But all this belonged—I mean their magnificent
littl e surrender—just to the special array of the facts that
were most abysmal. Turned out for Sunday by his uncle’s
tailor, who had had a free hand and a notion of pretty
waistcoats and of his grand littl e air, Miles’s whole title to
independence, the rights of his sex and situation, were so
stamped upon him that if he had suddenly struck for freedom
I should have had nothing to say. I was by the strangest of
chances wondering how I should meet him when the
revolution unmistakeably occurred. I call it a revolution
because I now see how, with the word he spoke, the curtain
rose on the last act of my dreadful drama, and the
catastrophe was precipitated. “Look here, my dear, you


know,” he charmingly said, “when in the world, please, am I
going back to school?”

Transcribed here the speech sounds harmless enough,
particularly as uttered in the sweet, high, casual pipe with
which, at all i nterlocutors, but above all at his eternal
governess, he threw off intonations as if he were tossing
roses. There was something in them that always made one
“catch,” and I caught, at any rate, now so effectually that I
stopped as short as if one of the trees of the park had fallen
across the road. There was something new, on the spot,
between us, and he was perfectly aware that I recognised it,
though, to enable me to do so, he had no need to look a whit
less candid and charming than usual. I could feel in him how
he already, from my at first finding nothing to reply,
perceived the advantage he had gained. I was so slow to find
anything that he had plenty of time, after a minute, to
continue with his suggestive but inconclusive smile: “You
know, my dear, that for a fellow to be with a lady always—
!” His “my dear” was constantly on his lips for me, and
nothing could have expressed more the exact shade of the
sentiment with which I desired to inspire my pupils than its
fond familiarity. It was so respectfully easy.

But, oh, how I felt that at present I must pick my own
phrases! I remember that, to gain time, I tried to laugh, and I
seemed to see in the beautiful face with which he watched
me how ugly and queer I looked. “And always with the same
lady?” I returned.

He neither blenched nor winked. The whole thing was
virtually out between us. “Ah, of course, she’s a jolly,
‘perfect’ lady; but, after all , I’m a fellow, don’ t you see?
that’s—well , getting on.”

I lingered there with him an instant ever so kindly.
“Yes, you’ re getting on.” Oh, but I felt helpless!


I have kept to this day the heartbreaking littl e idea of
how he seemed to know that and to play with it. “And you
can’ t say I’ ve not been awfully good, can you?”

I laid my hand on his shoulder, for, though I felt how
much better it would have been to walk on, I was not yet
quite able. “No, I can’ t say that, Miles.”

“Except just that one night, you know—!”
“That one night?” I couldn’ t look as straight as he.
“Why, when I went down—went out of the house.”
“Oh, yes. But I forget what you did it for.”
“You forget?”—he spoke with the sweet extravagance

of childish reproach. “Why, it was to show you I could!”
“Oh, yes, you could.”
“And I can again.”
I felt that I might, perhaps, after all succeed in keeping

my wits about me. “Certainly. But you won’ t.”
“No, not that again. It was nothing.”
“ It was nothing,” I said. “But we must go on.”
He resumed our walk with me, passing his hand into my

arm. “Then when am I going back?”
I wore, in turning it over, my most responsible air.

“Were you very happy at school?”
He just considered. “Oh, I’m happy enough anywhere!”
“Well , then,” I quavered, “ if you’ re just as happy

“Ah, but that isn’ t everything! Of course you know a

“But you hint that you know almost as much?” I risked

as he paused.
“Not half I want to!” Miles honestly professed. “But it

isn’ t so much that.”
“What is it, then?”
“Well—I want to see more li fe.”


“ I see; I see.” We had arrived within sight of the church
and of various persons, including several of the household of
Bly, on their way to it and clustered about the door to see us
go in. I quickened our step; I wanted to get there before the
question between us opened up much further; I reflected
hungrily that, for more than an hour, he would have to be
silent; and I thought with envy of the comparative dusk of
the pew and of the almost spiritual help of the hassock on
which I might bend my knees. I seemed literally to be
running a race with some confusion to which he was about to
reduce me, but I felt that he had got in first when, before we
had even entered the churchyard, he threw out—

“ I want my own sort!”
It literally made me bound forward. “There are not

many of your own sort, Miles!” I laughed. “Unless perhaps
dear littl e Flora!”

“You really compare me to a baby girl?”
This found me singularly weak. “Don’ t you, then, love

our sweet Flora?”
“ If I didn’ t—and you, too; if I didn’ t—!” he repeated as

if retreating for a jump, yet leaving his thought so unfinished
that, after we had come into the gate, another stop, which he
imposed on me by the pressure of his arm, had become
inevitable. Mrs. Grose and Flora had passed into the church,
the other worshippers had followed, and we were, for the
minute, alone among the old, thick graves. We had paused,
on the path from the gate, by a low, oblong, table-like tomb.

“Yes. If you didn’ t—?”
He looked, while I waited, about at the graves. “Well ,

you know what!” But he didn’ t move, and he presently
produced something that made me drop straight down on the
stone slab, as if suddenly to rest. “Does my uncle think what
you think?”


I markedly rested. “How do you know what I think?”
“Ah, well , of course I don’ t; for it strikes me you never

tell me. But I mean does he know?”
“Know what, Miles?”
“Why, the way I’m going on.”
I perceived quickly enough that I could make, to this

inquiry, no answer that would not involve something of a
sacrifice of my employer. Yet it appeared to me that we were
all , at Bly, suff iciently sacrificed to make that venial. “ I
don’ t think your uncle much cares.”

Miles, on this, stood looking at me. “Then don’ t you
think he can be made to?”

“ In what way?”
“Why, by his coming down.”
“But who’ ll get him to come down?”
“ I will !” the boy said with extraordinary brightness and

emphasis. He gave me another look charged with that
expression and then marched off alone into church.



THE business was practically settled from the moment I
never followed him. It was a piti ful surrender to agitation,
but my being aware of this had somehow no power to restore
me. I only sat there on my tomb and read into what my littl e
friend had said to me the fulness of its meaning; by the time I
had grasped the whole of which I had also embraced, for
absence, the pretext that I was ashamed to offer my pupils
and the rest of the congregation such an example of delay.
What I said to myself above all was that Miles had got
something out of me and that the proof of it, for him, would
be just this awkward collapse. He had got out of me that
there was something I was much afraid of and that he should
probably be able to make use of my fear to gain, for his own
purpose, more freedom. My fear was of having to deal with
the intolerable question of the grounds of his dismissal from
school, for that was really but the question of the horrors
gathered behind. That his uncle should arrive to treat with
me of these things was a solution that, strictly speaking, I
ought now to have desired to bring on; but I could so littl e
face the ugliness and the pain of it that I simply
procrastinated and lived from hand to mouth. The boy, to my
deep discomposure, was immensely in the right, was in a
position to say to me: “Either you clear up with my guardian
the mystery of this interruption of my studies, or you cease
to expect me to lead with you a li fe that’s so unnatural for a
boy.” What was so unnatural for the particular boy I was
concerned with was this sudden revelation of a
consciousness and a plan.


That was what really overcame me, what prevented my
going in. I walked round the church, hesitating, hovering; I
reflected that I had already, with him, hurt myself beyond
repair. Therefore I could patch up nothing, and it was too
extreme an effort to squeeze beside him into the pew: he
would be so much more sure than ever to pass his arm into
mine and make me sit there for an hour in close, silent
contact with his commentary on our talk. For the first minute
since his arrival I wanted to get away from him. As I paused
beneath the high east window and listened to the sounds of
worship, I was taken with an impulse that might master me, I
felt, completely should I give it the least encouragement. I
might easily put an end to my predicament by getting away
altogether. Here was my chance; there was no one to stop
me; I could give the whole thing up—turn my back and
retreat. It was only a question of hurrying again, for a few
preparations, to the house which the attendance at church of
so many of the servants would practically have left
unoccupied. No one, in short, could blame me if I should just
drive desperately off. What was it to get away if I got away
only till dinner? That would be in a couple of hours, at the
end of which—I had the acute prevision—my little pupils
would play at innocent wonder about my non-appearance in
their train.

“What did you do, you naughty, bad thing? Why in the
world, to worry us so—and take our thoughts off too, don’ t
you know?—did you desert us at the very door?” I couldn’ t
meet such questions nor, as they asked them, their false littl e
lovely eyes; yet it was all so exactly what I should have to
meet that, as the prospect grew sharp to me, I at last let
myself go.

I got, so far as the immediate moment was concerned,
away; I came straight out of the churchyard and, thinking


hard, retraced my steps through the park. It seemed to me
that by the time I reached the house I had made up my mind
I would fly. The Sunday still ness both of the approaches and
of the interior, in which I met no one, fairly excited me with
a sense of opportunity. Were I to get off quickly, this way, I
should get off without a scene, without a word. My
quickness would have to be remarkable, however, and the
question of a conveyance was the great one to settle.
Tormented, in the hall , with diff iculties and obstacles, I
remember sinking down at the foot of the staircase—
suddenly collapsing there on the lowest step and then, with a
revulsion, recalli ng that it was exactly where more than a
month before, in the darkness of night and just so bowed
with evil things, I had seen the spectre of the most horrible of
women. At this I was able to straighten myself; I went the
rest of the way up; I made, in my bewilderment, for the
schoolroom, where there were objects belonging to me that I
should have to take. But I opened the door to find again, in a
flash, my eyes unsealed. In the presence of what I saw I
reeled straight back upon my resistance.

Seated at my own table in clear noonday light I saw a
person whom, without my previous experience, I should
have taken at the first blush for some housemaid who might
have stayed at home to look after the place and who, availi ng
herself of rare relief from observation and of the schoolroom
table and my pens, ink, and paper, had applied herself to the
considerable effort of a letter to her sweetheart. There was an
effort in the way that, while her arms rested on the table, her
hands with evident weariness supported her head; but at the
moment I took this in I had already become aware that, in
spite of my entrance, her attitude strangely persisted. Then it
was—with the very act of its announcing itself—that her
identity flared up in a change of posture. She rose, not as if


she had heard me, but with an indescribable grand
melancholy of indifference and detachment, and, within a
dozen feet of me, stood there as my vile predecessor.
Dishonoured and tragic, she was all before me; but even as I
fixed and, for memory, secured it, the awful image passed
away. Dark as midnight in her black dress, her haggard
beauty and her unutterable woe, she had looked at me long
enough to appear to say that her right to sit at my table was
as good as mine to sit at hers. While these instants lasted,
indeed, I had the extraordinary chill of feeling that it was I
who was the intruder. It was as a wild protest against it that,
actually addressing her—“You terrible, miserable
woman!”—I heard myself break into a sound that, by the
open door, rang through the long passage and the empty
house. She looked at me as if she heard me, but I had
recovered myself and cleared the air. There was nothing in
the room the next minute but the sunshine and a sense that I
must stay.



I HAD so perfectly expected that the return of my pupils
would be marked by a demonstration that I was freshly upset
at having to take into account that they were dumb about my
absence. Instead of gaily denouncing and caressing me, they
made no allusion to my having failed them, and I was left,
for the time, on perceiving that she too said nothing, to study
Mrs. Grose’s odd face. I did this to such purpose that I made
sure they had in some way bribed her to silence; a silence
that, however, I would engage to break down on the first
private opportunity. This opportunity came before tea: I
secured five minutes with her in the housekeeper’s room,
where, in the twil ight, amid a smell of lately-baked bread,
but with the place all swept and garnished, I found her sitting
in pained placidity before the fire. So I see her still , so I see
her best: facing the flame from her straight chair in the
dusky, shining room, a large clean image of the “put
away”—of drawers closed and locked and rest without a

“Oh, yes, they asked me to say nothing; and to please
them—so long as they were there—of course I promised.
But what had happened to you?”

“ I only went with you for the walk,” I said. “ I had then
to come back to meet a friend.”

She showed her surprise. “A friend—you?”
“Oh, yes, I have a couple!” I laughed. “But did the

children give you a reason?”
“For not alluding to your leaving us? Yes; they said you

would like it better. Do you like it better?”


My face had made her rueful. “No, I li ke it worse!” But
after an instant I added: “Did they say why I should like it

“No; Master Miles only said, ‘We must do nothing but
what she likes’ !”

“ I wish indeed he would! And what did Flora say?”
“Miss Flora was too sweet. She said, ‘Oh, of course, of

course!’—and I said the same.”
I thought a moment. “You were too sweet too—I can

hear you all . But none the less, between Miles and me, it’s
now all out.”

“All out?” My companion stared. “But what, Miss?”
“Everything. It doesn’ t matter. I’ve made up my mind. I

came home, my dear,” I went on, “ for a talk with Miss

I had by this time formed the habit of having Mrs.
Grose literally well i n hand in advance of my sounding that
note; so that even now, as she bravely blinked under the
signal of my word, I could keep her comparatively firm. “A
talk! Do you mean she spoke?”

“ It came to that. I found her, on my return, in the

“And what did she say?” I can hear the good woman
still , and the candour of her stupefaction.

“That she suffers the torments—!”
It was this, of a truth, that made her, as she fill ed out my

picture, gape. “Do you mean,” she faltered, “—of the lost?”
“Of the lost. Of the damned. And that’s why, to share

them—” I faltered myself with the horror of it.
But my companion, with less imagination, kept me up.

“To share them—?”
“She wants Flora.” Mrs. Grose might, as I gave it to her,

fairly have fallen away from me had I not been prepared. I


still held her there, to show I was. “As I’ve told you,
however, it doesn’ t matter.”

“Because you’ve made up your mind? But to what?”
“To everything.”
“And what do you call ‘everything’?”
“Why, sending for their uncle.”
“Oh, Miss, in pity do,” my friend broke out.
“Ah, but I will , I will ! I see it’s the only way. What’s

‘out,’ as I told you, with Miles is that if he thinks I’m afraid
to—and has ideas of what he gains by that—he shall see he’s
mistaken. Yes, yes; his uncle shall have it here from me on
the spot (and before the boy himself if necessary) that if I’m
to be reproached with having done nothing again about more

“Yes, Miss—” my companion pressed me.
“Well , there’s that awful reason.”
There were now clearly so many of these for my poor

colleague that she was excusable for being vague. “But—a—

“Why, the letter from his old place.”
“You’ ll show it to the master?”
“ I ought to have done so on the instant.”
“Oh, no!” said Mrs. Grose with decision.
“ I’ ll put it before him,” I went on inexorably, “ that I

can’ t undertake to work the question on behalf of a child
who has been expelled—”

“For we’ve never in the least known what!” Mrs. Grose

“For wickedness. For what else—when he’s so clever
and beautiful and perfect? Is he stupid? Is he untidy? Is he
infirm? Is he ill -natured? He’s exquisite—so it can be only
that; and that would open up the whole thing. After all ,” I
said, “ it’s their uncle’s fault. If he left here such people—!”


“He didn’ t really in the least know them. The fault’s
mine.” She had turned quite pale.

“Well , you shan’ t suffer,” I answered.
“The children shan’ t!” she emphatically returned.
I was silent awhile; we looked at each other. “Then

what am I to tell him?”
“You needn’ t tell him anything. I’ ll tell him.”
I measured this. “Do you mean you’ ll write—?”

Remembering she couldn’ t, I caught myself up. “How do
you communicate?”

“ I tell the baili ff . He writes.”
“And should you like him to write our story?”
My question had a sarcastic force that I had not fully

intended, and it made her, after a moment, inconsequently
break down. The tears were again in her eyes. “Ah, Miss,
you write!”

“Well—tonight,” I at last answered; and on this we



I WENT so far, in the evening, as to make a beginning. The
weather had changed back, a great wind was abroad, and
beneath the lamp, in my room, with Flora at peace beside
me, I sat for a long time before a blank sheet of paper and
listened to the lash of the rain and the batter of the gusts.
Finally I went out, taking a candle; I crossed the passage and
listened a minute at Miles’s door. What, under my endless
obsession, I had been impelled to li sten for was some
betrayal of his not being at rest, and I presently caught one,
but not in the form I had expected. His voice tinkled out. “ I
say, you there—come in.” It was a gaiety in the gloom!

I went in with my light and found him, in bed, very
wide awake, but very much at his ease. “Well , what are you
up to?” he asked with a grace of sociabili ty in which it
occurred to me that Mrs. Grose, had she been present, might
have looked in vain for proof that anything was “out.”

I stood over him with my candle. “How did you know I
was there?”

“Why, of course I heard you. Did you fancy you made
no noise? You’re like a troop of cavalry!” he beautifully

“Then you weren’ t asleep?”
“Not much! I lie awake and think.”
I had put my candle, designedly, a short way off, and

then, as he held out his friendly old hand to me, had sat down
on the edge of his bed. “What is it,” I asked, “ that you think

“What in the world, my dear, but you?”


“Ah, the pride I take in your appreciation doesn’ t insist
on that! I had so far rather you slept.”

“Well , I think also, you know, of this queer business of

I marked the coolness of his firm little hand. “Of what
queer business, Miles?”

“Why, the way you bring me up. And all the rest!”
I fairly held my breath a minute, and even from my

glimmering taper there was light enough to show how he
smiled up at me from his pill ow. “What do you mean by all
the rest?”

“Oh, you know, you know!”
I could say nothing for a minute, though I felt, as I held

his hand and our eyes continued to meet, that my silence had
all the air of admitting his charge and that nothing in the
whole world of reali ty was perhaps at that moment so
fabulous as our actual relation. “Certainly you shall go back
to school,” I said, “ if it be that that troubles you. But not to
the old place—we must find another, a better. How could I
know it did trouble you, this question, when you never told
me so, never spoke of it at all?” His clear, li stening face,
framed in its smooth whiteness, made him for the minute as
appealing as some wistful patient in a children’s hospital;
and I would have given, as the resemblance came to me, all I
possessed on earth really to be the nurse or the sister of
charity who might have helped to cure him. Well, even as it
was, I perhaps might help! “Do you know you’ve never said
a word to me about your school—I mean the old one; never
mentioned it in any way?”

He seemed to wonder; he smiled with the same
loveliness. But he clearly gained time; he waited, he called
for guidance. “Haven’ t I?” It wasn’ t for me to help him—it
was for the thing I had met!


Something in his tone and the expression of his face, as
I got this from him, set my heart aching with such a pang as
it had never yet known; so unutterably touching was it to see
his littl e brain puzzled and his littl e resources taxed to play,
under the spell l aid on him, a part of innocence and
consistency. “No, never—from the hour you came back.
You’ve never mentioned to me one of your masters, one of
your comrades, nor the least littl e thing that ever happened to
you at school. Never, littl e Miles—no, never—have you
given me an inkling of anything that may have happened
there. Therefore you can fancy how much I’m in the dark.
Until you came out, that way, this morning, you had, since
the first hour I saw you, scarce even made a reference to
anything in your previous li fe. You seemed so perfectly to
accept the present.” It was extraordinary how my absolute
conviction of his secret precocity (or whatever I might call
the poison of an influence that I dared but half to phrase)
made him, in spite of the faint breath of his inward trouble,
appear as accessible as an older person—imposed him
almost as an intellectual equal. “ I thought you wanted to go
on as you are.”

It struck me that at this he just faintly coloured. He
gave, at any rate, li ke a convalescent slightly fatigued, a
languid shake of his head. “ I don’ t—I don’ t. I want to get

“You’ re tired of Bly?”
“Oh, no, I li ke Bly.”
“Well , then—?”
“Oh, you know what a boy wants!”
I felt that I didn’ t know so well as Miles, and I took

temporary refuge. “You want to go to your uncle?”
Again, at this, with his sweet ironic face, he made a

movement on the pill ow. “Ah, you can’ t get off with that!”


I was silent a littl e, and it was I, now, I think, who
changed colour. “My dear, I don’ t want to get off!”

“You can’ t, even if you do. You can’ t, you can’ t!”—he
lay beautifully staring. “My uncle must come down, and you
must completely settle things.”

“ If we do,” I returned with some spirit, “you may be
sure it will be to take you quite away.”

“Well , don’ t you understand that that’s exactly what
I’m working for? You’ ll have to tell him—about the way
you’ve let it all drop: you’ ll have to tell him a tremendous

The exultation with which he uttered this helped me
somehow, for the instant, to meet him rather more. “And
how much will you, Miles, have to tell him? There are things
he’ ll ask you!”

He turned it over. “Very likely. But what things?”
“The things you’ve never told me. To make up his mind

what to do with you. He can’ t send you back—”
“Oh, I don’ t want to go back!” he broke in. “ I want a

new field.”
He said it with admirable serenity, with positive

unimpeachable gaiety; and doubtless it was that very note
that most evoked for me the poignancy, the unnatural
childish tragedy, of his probable reappearance at the end of
three months with all this bravado and still more dishonour.
It overwhelmed me now that I should never be able to bear
that, and it made me let myself go. I threw myself upon him
and in the tenderness of my pity I embraced him. “Dear littl e
Miles, dear littl e Miles—!”

My face was close to his, and he let me kiss him, simply
taking it with indulgent good humour. “Well , old lady?”

“ Is there nothing—nothing at all that you want to tell


He turned off a littl e, facing round toward the wall and
holding up his hand to look at as one had seen sick children
look. “ I’ve told you—I told you this morning.”

Oh, I was sorry for him! “That you just want me not to
worry you?”

He looked round at me now, as if in recognition of my
understanding him; then ever so gently, “To let me alone,”
he replied.

There was even a singular littl e dignity in it, something
that made me release him, yet, when I had slowly risen,
linger beside him. God knows I never wished to harass him,
but I felt that merely, at this, to turn my back on him was to
abandon or, to put it more truly, to lose him. “ I’ve just begun
a letter to your uncle,” I said.

“Well , then, finish it!”
I waited a minute. “What happened before?”
He gazed up at me again. “Before what?”
“Before you came back. And before you went away.”
For some time he was silent, but he continued to meet

my eyes. “What happened?”
It made me, the sound of the words, in which it seemed

to me that I caught for the very first time a small faint quaver
of consenting consciousness—it made me drop on my knees
beside the bed and seize once more the chance of possessing
him. “Dear littl e Miles, dear littl e Miles, if you knew how I
want to help you! It’s only that, it’s nothing but that, and I’d
rather die than give you a pain or do you a wrong—I’d rather
die than hurt a hair of you. Dear littl e Miles”—oh, I brought
it out now even if I should go too far—“I just want you to
help me to save you!” But I knew in a moment after this that
I had gone too far. The answer to my appeal was
instantaneous, but it came in the form of an extraordinary
blast and chill , a gust of frozen air, and a shake of the room


as great as if, in the wild wind, the casement had crashed in.
The boy gave a loud, high shriek, which, lost in the rest of
the shock of sound, might have seemed, indistinctly, though
I was so close to him, a note either of jubilation or of terror. I
jumped to my feet again and was conscious of darkness. So
for a moment we remained, while I stared about me and saw
that the drawn curtains were unstirred and the window tight.
“Why, the candle’s out!” I then cried.

“ It was I who blew it, dear!” said Miles.



THE next day, after lessons, Mrs. Grose found a moment to
say to me quietly: “Have you written, Miss?”

“Yes—I’ve written.” But I didn’ t add—for the hour—
that my letter, sealed and directed, was still i n my pocket.
There would be time enough to send it before the messenger
should go to the vill age. Meanwhile there had been, on the
part of my pupils, no more brilli ant, more exemplary
morning. It was exactly as if they had both had at heart to
gloss over any recent littl e friction. They performed the
dizziest feats of arithmetic, soaring quite out of my feeble
range, and perpetrated, in higher spirits than ever,
geographical and historical jokes. It was conspicuous of
course in Miles in particular that he appeared to wish to
show how easily he could let me down. This child, to my
memory, really li ves in a setting of beauty and misery that no
words can translate; there was a distinction all his own in
every impulse he revealed; never was a small natural
creature, to the uninitiated eye all frankness and freedom, a
more ingenious, a more extraordinary littl e gentleman. I had
perpetually to guard against the wonder of contemplation
into which my initiated view betrayed me; to check the
irrelevant gaze and discouraged sigh in which I constantly
both attacked and renounced the enigma of what such a littl e
gentleman could have done that deserved a penalty. Say that,
by the dark prodigy I knew, the imagination of all evil had
been opened up to him: all the justice within me ached for
the proof that it could ever have flowered into an act.


He had never, at any rate, been such a littl e gentleman
as when, after our early dinner on this dreadful day, he came
round to me and asked if I shouldn’ t li ke him, for half an
hour, to play to me. David playing to Saul could never have
shown a finer sense of the occasion. It was literally a
charming exhibition of tact, of magnanimity, and quite
tantamount to his saying outright: “The true knights we love
to read about never push an advantage too far. I know what
you mean now: you mean that—to be let alone yourself and
not followed up—you’ ll cease to worry and spy upon me,
won’ t keep me so close to you, will l et me go and come.
Well , I ‘come,’ you see—but I don’ t go! There’ ll be plenty
of time for that. I do really delight in your society, and I only
want to show you that I contended for a principle.” It may be
imagined whether I resisted this appeal or failed to
accompany him again, hand in hand, to the schoolroom. He
sat down at the old piano and played as he had never played;
and if there are those who think he had better have been
kicking a football I can only say that I wholly agree with
them. For at the end of a time that under his influence I had
quite ceased to measure, I started up with a strange sense of
having literally slept at my post. It was after luncheon, and
by the schoolroom fire, and yet I hadn’ t really, in the least,
slept: I had only done something much worse—I had
forgotten. Where, all this time, was Flora? When I put the
question to Miles, he played on a minute before answering
and then could only say: “Why, my dear, how do I know?”—
breaking moreover into a happy laugh which, immediately
after, as if it were a vocal accompaniment, he prolonged into
incoherent, extravagant song.

I went straight to my room, but his sister was not there;
then, before going downstairs, I looked into several others.
As she was nowhere about she would surely be with Mrs.


Grose, whom, in the comfort of that theory, I accordingly
proceeded in quest of. I found her where I had found her the
evening before, but she met my quick challenge with blank,
scared ignorance. She had only supposed that, after the
repast, I had carried off both the children; as to which she
was quite in her right, for it was the very first time I had
allowed the littl e girl out of my sight without some special
provision. Of course now indeed she might be with the
maids, so that the immediate thing was to look for her
without an air of alarm. This we promptly arranged between
us; but when, ten minutes later and in pursuance of our
arrangement, we met in the hall , it was only to report on
either side that after guarded inquiries we had altogether
failed to trace her. For a minute there, apart from
observation, we exchanged mute alarms, and I could feel
with what high interest my friend returned me all those I had
from the first given her.

“She’ ll be above,” she presently said—“in one of the
rooms you haven’ t searched.”

“No; she’s at a distance.” I had made up my mind. “She
has gone out.”

Mrs. Grose stared. “Without a hat?”
I naturally also looked volumes. “ Isn’ t that woman

always without one?”
“She’s with her?”
“She’s with her!” I declared. “We must find them.”
My hand was on my friend’s arm, but she failed for the

moment, confronted with such an account of the matter, to
respond to my pressure. She communed, on the contrary, on
the spot, with her uneasiness. “And where’s Master Miles?”

“Oh, he’s with Quint. They’ re in the schoolroom.”


“Lord, Miss!” My view, I was myself aware—and
therefore I suppose my tone—had never yet reached so calm
an assurance.

“The trick’s played,” I went on; “ they’ve successfully
worked their plan. He found the most divine li ttle way to
keep me quiet while she went off .”

“ ‘Divine’?” Mrs. Grose bewilderedly echoed.
“ Infernal, then!” I almost cheerfully rejoined. “He has

provided for himself as well . But come!”
She had helplessly gloomed at the upper regions. “You

leave him—?”
“So long with Quint? Yes—I don’ t mind that now.”
She always ended, at these moments, by getting

possession of my hand, and in this manner she could at
present still stay me. But after gasping an instant at my
sudden resignation, “Because of your letter?” she eagerly
brought out.

I quickly, by way of answer, felt for my letter, drew it
forth, held it up, and then, freeing myself, went and laid it on
the great hall -table. “Luke will t ake it,” I said as I came back.
I reached the house-door and opened it; I was already on the

My companion still demurred: the storm of the night
and the early morning had dropped, but the afternoon was
damp and grey. I came down to the drive while she stood in
the doorway. “You go with nothing on?”

“What do I care when the child has nothing? I can’ t
wait to dress,” I cried, “and if you must do so, I leave you.
Try meanwhile, yourself, upstairs.”

“With them?” Oh, on this, the poor woman promptly
joined me!



WE went straight to the lake, as it was called at Bly, and I
dare say rightly called, though I reflect that it may in fact
have been a sheet of water less remarkable than it appeared
to my untravelled eyes. My acquaintance with sheets of
water was small , and the pool of Bly, at all events on the few
occasions of my consenting, under the protection of my
pupils, to affront its surface in the old flat-bottomed boat
moored there for our use, had impressed me both with its
extent and its agitation. The usual place of embarkation was
half a mile from the house, but I had an intimate conviction
that, wherever Flora might be, she was not near home. She
had not given me the slip for any small adventure, and, since
the day of the very great one that I had shared with her by
the pond, I had been aware, in our walks, of the quarter to
which she most inclined. This was why I had now given to
Mrs. Grose’s steps so marked a direction—a direction that
made her, when she perceived it, oppose a resistance that
showed me she was freshly mystified. “You’ re going to the
water, Miss?—you think she’s in—?”

“She may be, though the depth is, I believe, nowhere
very great. But what I judge most likely is that she’s on the
spot from which, the other day, we saw together what I told

“When she pretended not to see—?”
“With that astounding self-possession? I’ve always

been sure she wanted to go back alone. And now her brother
has managed it for her.”


Mrs. Grose still stood where she had stopped. “You
suppose they really talk of them?”

“ I could meet this with a confidence! “They say things
that, if we heard them, would simply appall us.”

“And if she is there—”
“Then Miss Jessel is?”
“Beyond a doubt. You shall see.”
“Oh, thank you!” my friend cried, planted so firm that,

taking it in, I went straight on without her. By the time I
reached the pool, however, she was close behind me, and I
knew that, whatever, to her apprehension, might befall me,
the exposure of my society struck her as her least danger.
She exhaled a moan of relief as we at last came in sight of
the greater part of the water without a sight of the child.
There was no trace of Flora on that nearer side of the bank
where my observation of her had been most startling, and
none on the opposite edge, where, save for a margin of some
twenty yards, a thick copse came down to the water. The
pond, oblong in shape, had a width so scant compared to its
length that, with its ends out of view, it might have been
taken for a scant river. We looked at the empty expanse, and
then I felt the suggestion of my friend’s eyes. I knew what
she meant and I replied with a negative headshake.

“No, no; wait! She has taken the boat.”
My companion stared at the vacant mooring-place and

then again across the lake. “Then where is it?”
“Our not seeing it is the strongest of proofs. She has

used it to go over, and then has managed to hide it.”
“All alone—that child?”
“She’s not alone, and at such times she’s not a child:

she’s an old, old woman.” I scanned all the visible shore
while Mrs. Grose took again, into the queer element I offered


her, one of her plunges of submission; then I pointed out that
the boat might perfectly be in a small refuge formed by one
of the recesses of the pool, an indentation masked, for the
hither side, by a projection of the bank and by a clump of
trees growing close to the water.

“But if the boat’s there, where on earth’s she?” my
colleague anxiously asked.

“That’s exactly what we must learn.” And I started to
walk further.

“By going all the way round?”
“Certainly, far as it is. It will t ake us but ten minutes,

but it’s far enough to have made the child prefer not to walk.
She went straight over.”

“Laws!” cried my friend again; the chain of my logic
was ever too much for her. It dragged her at my heels even
now, and when we had got halfway round—a devious,
tiresome process, on ground much broken and by a path
choked with overgrowth—I paused to give her breath. I
sustained her with a grateful arm, assuring her that she might
hugely help me; and this started us afresh, so that in the
course of but few minutes more we reached a point from
which we found the boat to be where I had supposed it. It
had been intentionally left as much as possible out of sight
and was tied to one of the stakes of a fence that came, just
there, down to the brink and that had been an assistance to
disembarking. I recognised, as I looked at the pair of short,
thick oars, quite safely drawn up, the prodigious character of
the feat for a littl e girl; but I had lived, by this time, too long
among wonders and had panted to too many livelier
measures. There was a gate in the fence, through which we
passed, and that brought us, after a trifling interval, more into
the open. Then, “There she is!” we both exclaimed at once.


Flora, a short way off, stood before us on the grass and
smiled as if her performance was now complete. The next
thing she did, however, was to stoop straight down and
pluck—quite as if it were all she was there for—a big, ugly
spray of withered fern. I instantly became sure she had just
come out of the copse. She waited for us, not herself taking a
step, and I was conscious of the rare solemnity with which
we presently approached her. She smiled and smiled, and we
met; but it was all done in a silence by this time flagrantly
ominous. Mrs. Grose was the first to break the spell: she
threw herself on her knees and, drawing the child to her
breast, clasped in a long embrace the littl e tender, yielding
body. While this dumb convulsion lasted I could only watch
it—which I did the more intently when I saw Flora’s face
peep at me over our companion’s shoulder. It was serious
now—the fli cker had left it; but it strengthened the pang with
which I at that moment envied Mrs. Grose the simplicity of
her relation. Still , all this while, nothing more passed
between us save that Flora had let her foolish fern again drop
to the ground. What she and I had virtually said to each other
was that pretexts were useless now. When Mrs. Grose finally
got up she kept the child’s hand, so that the two were still
before me; and the singular reticence of our communion was
even more marked in the frank look she launched me. “ I’ ll
be hanged,” it said, “ if I’ ll speak!”

It was Flora who, gazing all over me in candid wonder,
was the first. She was struck with our bareheaded aspect.
“Why, where are your things?”

“Where yours are, my dear!” I promptly returned.
She had already got back her gaiety, and appeared to

take this as an answer quite suff icient. “And where’s Miles?”
she went on.


There was something in the small valour of it that quite
finished me: these three words from her were, in a flash like
the glitter of a drawn blade, the jostle of the cup that my
hand, for weeks and weeks, had held high and full to the
brim and that now, even before speaking, I felt overflow in a
deluge. “ I’ ll tell you if you’ ll tell me—” I heard myself say,
then heard the tremor in which it broke.

“Well , what?”
Mrs. Grose’s suspense blazed at me, but it was too late

now, and I brought the thing out handsomely. “Where, my
pet, is Miss Jessel?”



JUST as in the churchyard with Miles, the whole thing was
upon us. Much as I had made of the fact that this name had
never once, between us, been sounded, the quick, smitten
glare with which the child’s face now received it fairly
li kened my breach of the silence to the smash of a pane of
glass. It added to the interposing cry, as if to stay the blow,
that Mrs. Grose, at the same instant, uttered over my
violence—the shriek of a creature scared, or rather wounded,
which, in turn, within a few seconds, was completed by a
gasp of my own. I seized my colleague’s arm. “She’s there,
she’s there!”

Miss Jessel stood before us on the opposite bank exactly
as she had stood the other time, and I remember, strangely,
as the first feeling now produced in me, my thrill of joy at
having brought on a proof. She was there, and I was
justified; she was there, and I was neither cruel nor mad. She
was there for poor scared Mrs. Grose, but she was there most
for Flora; and no moment of my monstrous time was perhaps
so extraordinary as that in which I consciously threw out to
her—with the sense that, pale and ravenous demon as she
was, she would catch and understand it—an inarticulate
message of gratitude. She rose erect on the spot my friend
and I had lately quitted, and there was not, in all the long
reach of her desire, an inch of her evil that fell short. This
first vividness of vision and emotion were things of a few
seconds, during which Mrs. Grose’s dazed blink across to
where I pointed struck me as a sovereign sign that she too at
last saw, just as it carried my own eyes precipitately to the


child. The revelation then of the manner in which Flora was
affected startled me, in truth, far more than it would have
done to find her also merely agitated, for direct dismay was
of course not what I had expected. Prepared and on her guard
as our pursuit had actually made her, she would repress
every betrayal; and I was therefore shaken, on the spot, by
my first glimpse of the particular one for which I had not
allowed. To see her, without a convulsion of her small pink
face, not even feign to glance in the direction of the prodigy I
announced, but only, instead of that, turn at me an expression
of hard, still gravity, an expression absolutely new and
unprecedented and that appeared to read and accuse and
judge me—this was a stroke that somehow converted the
littl e girl herself into the very presence that could make me
quail . I quailed even though my certitude that she thoroughly
saw was never greater than at that instant, and in the
immediate need to defend myself I called it passionately to
witness. “She’s there, you littl e unhappy thing—there, there,
there, and you see her as well as you see me!” I had said
shortly before to Mrs. Grose that she was not at these times a
child, but an old, old woman, and that description of her
could not have been more strikingly confirmed than in the
way in which, for all answer to this, she simply showed me,
without a concession, an admission, of her eyes, a
countenance of deeper and deeper, of indeed suddenly quite
fixed, reprobation. I was by this time—if I can put the whole
thing at all together—more appalled at what I may properly
call her manner than at anything else, though it was
simultaneously with this that I became aware of having Mrs.
Grose also, and very formidably, to reckon with. My elder
companion, the next moment, at any rate, blotted out
everything but her own flushed face and her loud, shocked


protest, a burst of high disapproval. “What a dreadful turn, to
be sure, Miss! Where on earth do you see anything?”

I could only grasp her more quickly yet, for even while
she spoke the hideous plain presence stood undimmed and
undaunted. It had already lasted a minute, and it lasted while
I continued, seizing my colleague, quite thrusting her at it
and presenting her to it, to insist with my pointing hand.
“You don’ t see her exactly as we see?—you mean to say you
don’ t now—now? She’s as big as a blazing fire! Only look,
dearest woman, look—!” She looked, even as I did, and gave
me, with her deep groan of negation, repulsion,
compassion—the mixture with her pity of her relief at her
exemption—a sense, touching to me even then, that she
would have backed me up if she could. I might well have
needed that, for with this hard blow of the proof that her eyes
were hopelessly sealed I felt my own situation horribly
crumble, I felt—I saw—my livid predecessor press, from her
position, on my defeat, and I was conscious, more than all , of
what I should have from this instant to deal with in the
astounding littl e attitude of Flora. Into this attitude Mrs.
Grose immediately and violently entered, breaking, even
while there pierced through my sense of ruin a prodigious
private triumph, into breathless reassurance.

“She isn’ t there, littl e lady, and nobody’s there—and
you never see nothing, my sweet! How can poor Miss
Jessel—when poor Miss Jessel’s dead and buried? We know,
don’ t we, love?”—and she appealed, blundering in, to the
child. “ It’s all a mere mistake and a worry and a joke—and
we’ ll go home as fast as we can!”

Our companion, on this, had responded with a strange,
quick primness of propriety, and they were again, with Mrs.
Grose on her feet, united, as it were, in pained opposition to
me. Flora continued to fix me with her small mask of


reprobation, and even at that minute I prayed God to forgive
me for seeming to see that, as she stood there holding tight to
our friend’s dress, her incomparable childish beauty had
suddenly failed, had quite vanished. I’ ve said it already—she
was literally, she was hideously, hard; she had turned
common and almost ugly. “ I don’ t know what you mean. I
see nobody. I see nothing. I never have. I think you’re cruel.
I don’ t like you!” Then, after this deliverance, which might
have been that of a vulgarly pert littl e girl in the street, she
hugged Mrs. Grose more closely and buried in her skirts the
dreadful littl e face. In this position she produced an almost
furious wail . “Take me away, take me away—oh, take me
away from her!”

“From me?” I panted.
“From you—from you!” she cried.
Even Mrs. Grose looked across at me dismayed, while I

had nothing to do but communicate again with the figure
that, on the opposite bank, without a movement, as rigidly
still as if catching, beyond the interval, our voices, was as
vividly there for my disaster as it was not there for my
service. The wretched child had spoken exactly as if she had
got from some outside source each of her stabbing littl e
words, and I could therefore, in the full despair of all I had to
accept, but sadly shake my head at her. “ If I had ever
doubted, all my doubt would at present have gone. I’ve been
living with the miserable truth, and now it has only too much
closed round me. Of course I’ve lost you: I’ve interfered, and
you’ve seen—under her dictation”—with which I faced,
over the pool again, our infernal witness—“the easy and
perfect way to meet it. I’ ve done my best, but I’ ve lost you.
Good-bye.” For Mrs. Grose I had an imperative, an almost
frantic “Go, go!” before which, in infinite distress, but
mutely possessed of the littl e girl and clearly convinced, in


spite of her blindness, that something awful had occurred
and some collapse engulfed us, she retreated, by the way we
had come, as fast as she could move.

Of what first happened when I was left alone I had no
subsequent memory. I only knew that at the end of, I
suppose, a quarter of an hour, an odorous dampness and
roughness, chilli ng and piercing my trouble, had made me
understand that I must have thrown myself, on my face, on
the ground and given way to a wildness of grief. I must have
lain there long and cried and sobbed, for when I raised my
head the day was almost done. I got up and looked a
moment, through the twili ght, at the grey pool and its blank,
haunted edge, and then I took, back to the house, my dreary
and diff icult course. When I reached the gate in the fence the
boat, to my surprise, was gone, so that I had a fresh
reflection to make on Flora’s extraordinary command of the
situation. She passed that night, by the most tacit, and I
should add, were not the word so grotesque a false note, the
happiest of arrangements, with Mrs. Grose. I saw neither of
them on my return, but, on the other hand, as by an
ambiguous compensation, I saw a great deal of Miles. I
saw—I can use no other phrase—so much of him that it was
as if it were more than it had ever been. No evening I had
passed at Bly had the portentous quali ty of this one; in spite
of which—and in spite also of the deeper depths of
consternation that had opened beneath my feet—there was
literally, in the ebbing actual, an extraordinarily sweet
sadness. On reaching the house I had never so much as
looked for the boy; I had simply gone straight to my room to
change what I was wearing and to take in, at a glance, much
material testimony to Flora’s rupture. Her littl e belongings
had all been removed. When later, by the schoolroom fire, I
was served with tea by the usual maid, I indulged, on the


article of my other pupil , in no inquiry whatever. He had his
freedom now—he might have it to the end! Well , he did
have it; and it consisted—in part at least—of his coming in at
about eight o’clock and sitting down with me in silence. On
the removal of the tea things I had blown out the candles and
drawn my chair closer: I was conscious of a mortal coldness
and felt as if I should never again be warm. So, when he
appeared, I was sitting in the glow with my thoughts. He
paused a moment by the door as if to look at me; then—as if
to share them—came to the other side of the hearth and sank
into a chair. We sat there in absolute stillness; yet he wanted,
I felt, to be with me.



BEFORE a new day, in my room, had fully broken, my eyes
opened to Mrs. Grose, who had come to my bedside with
worse news. Flora was so markedly feverish that an ill ness
was perhaps at hand; she had passed a night of extreme
unrest, a night agitated above all by fears that had for their
subject not in the least her former, but wholly her present,
governess. It was not against the possible re-entrance of Miss
Jessel on the scene that she protested—it was conspicuously
and passionately against mine. I was promptly on my feet of
course, and with an immense deal to ask; the more that my
friend had discernibly now girded her loins to meet me once
more. This I felt as soon as I had put to her the question of
her sense of the child’s sincerity as against my own. “She
persists in denying to you that she saw, or has ever seen,

My visitor’s trouble, truly, was great. “Ah, Miss, it isn’ t
a matter on which I can push her! Yet it isn’ t either, I must
say, as if I much needed to. It has made her, every inch of
her, quite old.”

“Oh, I see her perfectly from here. She resents, for all
the world li ke some high littl e personage, the imputation on
her truthfulness and, as it were, her respectabili ty. ‘Miss
Jessel indeed—she!’ Ah, she’s ‘respectable,’ the chit! The
impression she gave me there yesterday was, I assure you,
the very strangest of all; it was quite beyond any of the
others. I did put my foot in it! She’ ll never speak to me


Hideous and obscure as it all was, it held Mrs. Grose
briefly silent; then she granted my point with a frankness
which, I made sure, had more behind it. “ I think indeed,
Miss, she never will . She do have a grand manner about it!”

“And that manner”—I summed it up—“is practically
what’s the matter with her now!”

Oh, that manner, I could see in my visitor’s face, and
not a littl e else besides! “She asks me every three minutes if
I think you’ re coming in.”

“ I see—I see.” I, too, on my side, had so much more
than worked it out. “Has she said to you since yesterday—
except to repudiate her familiarity with anything so
dreadful—a single other word about Miss Jessel?”

“Not one, Miss. And of course you know,” my friend
added, “ I took it from her, by the lake, that, just then and
there at least, there was nobody.”

“Rather! And, naturally, you take it from her still .”
“ I don’ t contradict her. What else can I do?”
“Nothing in the world! You’ve the cleverest littl e

person to deal with. They’ve made them—their two friends, I
mean—still cleverer even than nature did; for it was
wondrous material to play on! Flora has now her grievance,
and she’ ll work it to the end.”

“Yes, Miss; but to what end?”
“Why, that of dealing with me to her uncle. She’ ll make

me out to him the lowest creature—!”
I winced at the fair show of the scene in Mrs. Grose’s

face; she looked for a minute as if she sharply saw them
together. “And him who thinks so well of you!”

“He has an odd way—it comes over me now,” I
laughed, “—of proving it! But that doesn’ t matter. What
Flora wants, of course, is to get rid of me.”


My companion bravely concurred. “Never again to so
much as look at you.”

“So that what you’ve come to me now for,” I asked, “ is
to speed me on my way?” Before she had time to reply,
however, I had her in check. “ I’ ve a better idea—the result of
my reflections. My going would seem the right thing, and on
Sunday I was terribly near it. Yet that won’ t do. It’s you who
must go. You must take Flora.”

My visitor, at this, did speculate. “But where in the

“Away from here. Away from them. Away, even most
of all , now, from me. Straight to her uncle.”

“Only to tell on you—?”
“No, not ‘only’ ! To leave me, in addition, with my

She was still vague. “And what is your remedy?”
“Your loyalty, to begin with. And then Miles’s.”
She looked at me hard. “Do you think he—?”
“Won’ t, if he has the chance, turn on me? Yes, I venture

still t o think it. At all events, I want to try. Get off with his
sister as soon as possible and leave me with him alone.” I
was amazed, myself, at the spirit I had still i n reserve, and
therefore perhaps a trifle the more disconcerted at the way in
which, in spite of this fine example of it, she hesitated.
“There’s one thing, of course,” I went on: “ they mustn’ t,
before she goes, see each other for three seconds.”

Then it came over me that, in spite of Flora’s
presumable sequestration from the instant of her return from
the pool, it might already be too late. “Do you mean,” I
anxiously asked, “ that they have met?”

At this she quite flushed. “Ah, Miss, I’m not such a fool
as that! If I’ve been obliged to leave her three or four times,
it has been each time with one of the maids, and at present,


though she’s alone, she’s locked in safe. And yet—and yet!”
There were too many things.

“And yet what?”
“Well , are you so sure of the littl e gentleman?”
“ I’m not sure of anything but you. But I have, since last

evening, a new hope. I think he wants to give me an opening.
I do believe that—poor little exquisite wretch!—he wants to
speak. Last evening, in the firelight and the silence, he sat
with me for two hours as if it were just coming.”

Mrs. Grose looked hard, through the window, at the
grey, gathering day. “And did it come?”

“No, though I waited and waited, I confess it didn’ t, and
it was without a breach of the silence or so much as a faint
allusion to his sister’s condition and absence that we at last
kissed for good-night. All the same,” I continued, “ I can’ t, if
her uncle sees her, consent to his seeing her brother without
my having given the boy—and most of all because things
have got so bad—a littl e more time.”

My friend appeared on this ground more reluctant than I
could quite understand. “What do you mean by more time?”

“Well , a day or two—really to bring it out. He’ ll then be
on my side—of which you see the importance. If nothing
comes, I shall only fail , and you will , at the worst, have
helped me by doing, on your arrival in town, whatever you
may have found possible.” So I put it before her, but she
continued for a littl e so inscrutably embarrassed that I came
again to her aid. “Unless, indeed,” I wound up, “you really
want not to go.”

I could see it, in her face, at last clear itself; she put out
her hand to me as a pledge. “ I’ ll go—I’ ll go. I’ ll go this

I wanted to be very just. “ If you should wish still t o
wait, I would engage she shouldn’ t see me.”


“No, no: it’s the place itself. She must leave it.” She
held me a moment with heavy eyes, then brought out the
rest. “Your idea’s the right one. I myself, Miss—”

“ I can’ t stay.”
The look she gave me with it made me jump at

possibiliti es. “You mean that, since yesterday, you have

She shook her head with dignity. “ I’ve heard—!”
“From that child—horrors! There!” she sighed with

tragic relief. “On my honour, Miss, she says things—!” But
at this evocation she broke down; she dropped, with a sudden
sob, upon my sofa and, as I had seen her do before, gave way
to all the grief of it.

It was quite in another manner that I, for my part, let
myself go. “Oh, thank God!”

She sprang up again at this, drying her eyes with a
groan. “ ‘Thank God’?”

“ It so justifies me!”
“ It does that, Miss!”
I couldn’ t have desired more emphasis, but I just

hesitated. “She’s so horrible?”
I saw my colleague scarce knew how to put it. “Really

“And about me?”
“About you, Miss—since you must have it. It’s beyond

everything, for a young lady; and I can’ t think wherever she
must have picked up—”

“The appalli ng language she applied to me? I can,
then!” I broke in with a laugh that was doubtless significant


It only, in truth, left my friend still more grave. “Well ,
perhaps I ought to also—since I’ve heard some of it before!
Yet I can’ t bear it,” the poor woman went on while, with the
same movement, she glanced, on my dressing-table, at the
face of my watch. “But I must go back.”

I kept her, however. “Ah, if you can’ t bear it—!”
“How can I stop with her, you mean? Why, just for that:

to get her away. Far from this,” she pursued, “ far from

“She may be different? she may be free?” I seized her
almost with joy. “Then, in spite of yesterday, you believe—”

“ In such doings?” Her simple description of them
required, in the light of her expression, to be carried no
further, and she gave me the whole thing as she had never
done. “ I believe.”

Yes, it was a joy, and we were still shoulder to
shoulder: if I might continue sure of that I should care but
littl e what else happened. My support in the presence of
disaster would be the same as it had been in my early need of
confidence, and if my friend would answer for my honesty, I
would answer for all the rest. On the point of taking leave of
her, none the less, I was to some extent embarrassed.
“There’s one thing, of course—it occurs to me—to
remember. My letter, giving the alarm, will have reached
town before you.”

I now perceived still more how she had been beating
about the bush and how weary at last it had made her. “Your
letter won’ t have got there. Your letter never went.”

“What then became of it?”
“Goodness knows! Master Miles—”
“Do you mean he took it?” I gasped.
She hung fire, but she overcame her reluctance. “ I mean

that I saw yesterday, when I came back with Miss Flora, that


it wasn’ t where you had put it. Later in the evening I had the
chance to question Luke, and he declared that he had neither
noticed nor touched it.” We could only exchange, on this,
one of our deeper mutual soundings, and it was Mrs. Grose
who first brought up the plumb with an almost elate “You

“Yes, I see that if Miles took it instead he probably wil l
have read it and destroyed it.”

“And don’ t you see anything else?”
I faced her a moment with a sad smile. “ It strikes me

that by this time your eyes are open even wider than mine.”
They proved to be so indeed, but she could still blush,

almost, to show it. “ I make out now what he must have done
at school.” And she gave, in her simple sharpness, an almost
droll disill usioned nod. “He stole!”

I turned it over—I tried to be more judicial. “Well—

She looked as if she found me unexpectedly calm. “He
stole letters!”

She couldn’ t know my reasons for a calmness after all
pretty shallow; so I showed them off as I might. “ I hope then
it was to more purpose than in this case! The note, at any
rate, that I put on the table yesterday,” I pursued, “will have
given him so scant an advantage—for it contained only the
bare demand for an interview—that he is already much
ashamed of having gone so far for so littl e, and that what he
had on his mind last evening was precisely the need of
confession.” I seemed to myself, for the instant, to have
mastered it, to see it all . “Leave us, leave us”—I was already,
at the door, hurrying her off . “ I’ ll get it out of him. He’ ll
meet me—he’ ll confess. If he confesses, he’s saved. And if
he’s saved—”


“Then you are?” The dear woman kissed me on this,
and I took her farewell . “ I’ ll save you without him!” she
cried as she went.



YET it was when she had got off—and I missed her on the
spot—that the great pinch really came. If I had counted on
what it would give me to find myself alone with Miles, I
speedily perceived, at least, that it would give me a measure.
No hour of my stay in fact was so assailed with
apprehensions as that of my coming down to learn that the
carriage containing Mrs. Grose and my younger pupil had
already rolled out of the gates. Now I was, I said to myself,
face to face with the elements, and for much of the rest of the
day, while I fought my weakness, I could consider that I had
been supremely rash. It was a tighter place still than I had yet
turned round in; all the more that, for the first time, I could
see in the aspect of others a confused reflection of the crisis.
What had happened naturally caused them all to stare; there
was too littl e of the explained, throw out whatever we might,
in the suddenness of my colleague’s act. The maids and the
men looked blank; the effect of which on my nerves was an
aggravation until I saw the necessity of making it a positive
aid. It was precisely, in short, by just clutching the helm that
I avoided total wreck; and I dare say that, to bear up at all , I
became, that morning, very grand and very dry. I welcomed
the consciousness that I was charged with much to do, and I
caused it to be known as well that, left thus to myself, I was
quite remarkably firm. I wandered with that manner, for the
next hour or two, all over the place and looked, I have no
doubt, as if I were ready for any onset. So, for the benefit of
whom it might concern, I paraded with a sick heart.


The person it appeared least to concern proved to be, til l
dinner, littl e Miles himself. My perambulations had given
me, meanwhile, no glimpse of him, but they had tended to
make more public the change taking place in our relation as a
consequence of his having at the piano, the day before, kept
me, in Flora’s interest, so beguiled and befooled. The stamp
of publicity had of course been fully given by her
confinement and departure, and the change itself was now
ushered in by our non-observance of the regular custom of
the schoolroom. He had already disappeared when, on my
way down, I pushed open his door, and I learned below that
he had breakfasted—in the presence of a couple of the
maids—with Mrs. Grose and his sister. He had then gone
out, as he said, for a stroll; than which nothing, I reflected,
could better have expressed his frank view of the abrupt
transformation of my office. What he would now permit this
off ice to consist of was yet to be settled: there was a queer
relief, at all events—I mean for myself in especial—in the
renouncement of one pretension. If so much had sprung to
the surface, I scarce put it too strongly in saying that what
had perhaps sprung highest was the absurdity of our
prolonging the fiction that I had anything more to teach him.
It sufficiently stuck out that, by tacit littl e tricks in which
even more than myself he carried out the care for my dignity,
I had had to appeal to him to let me off straining to meet him
on the ground of his true capacity. He had at any rate his
freedom now; I was never to touch it again; as I had amply
shown, moreover, when, on his joining me in the schoolroom
the previous night, I had uttered, on the subject of the
interval just concluded, neither challenge nor hint. I had too
much, from this moment, my other ideas. Yet when he at last
arrived, the diff iculty of applying them, the accumulations of
my problem, were brought straight home to me by the


beautiful littl e presence on which what had occurred had as
yet, for the eye, dropped neither stain nor shadow.

To mark, for the house, the high state I cultivated I
decreed that my meals with the boy should be served, as we
called it, downstairs; so that I had been awaiting him in the
ponderous pomp of the room outside of the window of which
I had had from Mrs. Grose, that first scared Sunday, my flash
of something it would scarce have done to call l ight. Here at
present I felt afresh—for I had felt it again and again—how
my equili brium depended on the success of my rigid will , the
will t o shut my eyes as tight as possible to the truth that what
I had to deal with was, revoltingly, against nature. I could
only get on at all by taking “nature” into my confidence and
my account, by treating my monstrous ordeal as a push in a
direction unusual, of course, and unpleasant, but demanding,
after all , for a fair front, only another turn of the screw of
ordinary human virtue. No attempt, none the less, could well
require more tact than just this attempt to supply, one’s self,
all the nature. How could I put even a littl e of that article
into a suppression of reference to what had occurred? How,
on the other hand, could I make a reference without a new
plunge into the hideous obscure? Well , a sort of answer, after
a time, had come to me, and it was so far confirmed as that I
was met, incontestably, by the quickened vision of what was
rare in my littl e companion. It was indeed as if he had found
even now—as he had so often found at lessons—still some
other delicate way to ease me off . Wasn’ t there light in the
fact which, as we shared our solitude, broke out with a
specious glitter it had never yet quite worn?—the fact that
(opportunity aiding, precious opportunity which had now
come) it would be preposterous, with a child so endowed, to
forego the help one might wrest from absolute intelli gence?
What had his intelli gence been given him for but to save


him? Mightn’ t one, to reach his mind, risk the stretch of an
angular arm over his character? It was as if, when we were
face to face in the dining-room, he had literally shown me
the way. The roast mutton was on the table, and I had
dispensed with attendance. Miles, before he sat down, stood
a moment with his hands in his pockets and looked at the
joint, on which he seemed on the point of passing some
humorous judgment. But what he presently produced was: “ I
say, my dear, is she really very awfully ill ?”

“Little Flora? Not so bad but that she’ ll presently be
better. London will set her up. Bly had ceased to agree with
her. Come here and take your mutton.”

He alertly obeyed me, carried the plate carefully to his
seat, and, when he was established, went on. “Did Bly
disagree with her so terribly suddenly?”

“Not so suddenly as you might think. One had seen it
coming on.”

“Then why didn’ t you get her off before?”
“Before what?”
“Before she became too ill to travel.”
I found myself prompt. “She’s not too ill to travel: she

only might have become so if she had stayed. This was just
the moment to seize. The journey will dissipate the
influence”—oh, I was grand!—“and carry it off .”

“ I see, I see”—Miles, for that matter, was grand, too.
He settled to his repast with the charming littl e “table
manner” that, from the day of his arrival, had relieved me of
all grossness of admonition. Whatever he had been driven
from school for, it was not for ugly feeding. He was
irreproachable, as always, today; but he was unmistakeably
more conscious. He was discernibly trying to take for
granted more things than he found, without assistance, quite
easy; and he dropped into peaceful silence while he felt his


situation. Our meal was of the briefest—mine a vain
pretence, and I had the things immediately removed. While
this was done Miles stood again with his hands in his littl e
pockets and his back to me—stood and looked out of the
wide window through which, that other day, I had seen what
pulled me up. We continued silent while the maid was with
us—as silent, it whimsically occurred to me, as some young
couple who, on their wedding-journey, at the inn, feel shy in
the presence of the waiter. He turned round only when the
waiter had left us. “Well—so we’re alone!”



“OH, more or less.” I fancy my smile was pale. “Not
absolutely. We shouldn’ t li ke that!” I went on.

“No—I suppose we shouldn’ t. Of course we have the

“We have the others—we have indeed the others,” I

“Yet even though we have them,” he returned, still with
his hands in his pockets and planted there in front of me,
“ they don’ t much count, do they?”

I made the best of it, but I felt wan. “ It depends on what
you call ‘much’ !”

“Yes”—with all accommodation—“everything depends!”
On this, however, he faced to the window again and
presently reached it with his vague, restless, cogitating step.
He remained there awhile, with his forehead against the
glass, in contemplation of the stupid shrubs I knew and the
dull things of November. I had always my hypocrisy of
“work,” behind which, now, I gained the sofa. Steadying
myself with it there as I had repeatedly done at those
moments of torment that I have described as the moments of
my knowing the children to be given to something from
which I was barred, I suff iciently obeyed my habit of being
prepared for the worst. But an extraordinary impression
dropped on me as I extracted a meaning from the boy’s
embarrassed back—none other than the impression that I
was not barred now. This inference grew in a few minutes to
sharp intensity and seemed bound up with the direct
perception that it was positively he who was. The frames and


squares of the great window were a kind of image, for him,
of a kind of failure. I felt that I saw him, at any rate, shut in
or shut out. He was admirable, but not comfortable: I took it
in with a throb of hope. Wasn’ t he looking, through the
haunted pane, for something he couldn’ t see?—and wasn’ t it
the first time in the whole business that he had known such a
lapse? The first, the very first: I found it a splendid portent. It
made him anxious, though he watched himself; he had been
anxious all day and, even while in his usual sweet littl e
manner he sat at table, had needed all his small strange
genius to give it a gloss. When he at last turned round to
meet me, it was almost as if this genius had succumbed.
“Well , I think I’m glad Bly agrees with me!”

“You would certainly seem to have seen, these twenty-
four hours, a good deal more of it than for some time before.
I hope,” I went on bravely, “ that you’ve been enjoying

“Oh, yes, I’ ve been ever so far; all round about—miles
and miles away. I’ ve never been so free.”

He had really a manner of his own, and I could only try
to keep up with him. “Well , do you like it?”

He stood there smiling; then at last he put into two
words—“Do you?”—more discrimination than I had ever
heard two words contain. Before I had time to deal with that,
however, he continued as if with the sense that this was an
impertinence to be softened. “Nothing could be more
charming than the way you take it, for of course if we’re
alone together now it’s you that are alone most. But I hope,”
he threw in, “ you don’ t particularly mind!”

“Having to do with you?” I asked. “My dear child, how
can I help minding? Though I’ve renounced all claim to your
company,—you’re so beyond me,—I at least greatly enjoy it.
What else should I stay on for?”


He looked at me more directly, and the expression of
his face, graver now, struck me as the most beautiful I had
ever found in it. “You stay on just for that?”

“Certainly. I stay on as your friend and from the
tremendous interest I take in you till something can be done
for you that may be more worth your while. That needn’ t
surprise you.” My voice trembled so that I felt it impossible
to suppress the shake. “Don’ t you remember how I told you,
when I came and sat on your bed the night of the storm, that
there was nothing in the world I wouldn’ t do for you?”

“Yes, yes!” He, on his side, more and more visibly
nervous, had a tone to master; but he was so much more
successful than I that, laughing out through his gravity, he
could pretend we were pleasantly jesting. “Only that, I think,
was to get me to do something for you!”

“ It was partly to get you to do something,” I conceded.
“But, you know, you didn’ t do it.”

“Oh, yes,” he said with the brightest superficial
eagerness, “ you wanted me to tell you something.”

“That’s it. Out, straight out. What you have on your
mind, you know.”

“Ah, then, is that what you’ve stayed over for?”
He spoke with a gaiety through which I could still catch

the finest littl e quiver of resentful passion; but I can’ t begin
to express the effect upon me of an implication of surrender
even so faint. It was as if what I had yearned for had come at
last only to astonish me. “Well , yes—I may as well make a
clean breast of it. It was precisely for that.”

He waited so long that I supposed it for the purpose of
repudiating the assumption on which my action had been
founded; but what he finally said was: “Do you mean now—


“There couldn’ t be a better place or time.” He looked
round him uneasily, and I had the rare—oh, the queer!—
impression of the very first symptom I had seen in him of the
approach of immediate fear. It was as if he were suddenly
afraid of me—which struck me indeed as perhaps the best
thing to make him. Yet in the very pang of the effort I felt it
vain to try sternness, and I heard myself the next instant so
gentle as to be almost grotesque. “You want so to go out

“Awfully!” He smiled at me heroically, and the
touching littl e bravery of it was enhanced by his actually
flushing with pain. He had picked up his hat, which he had
brought in, and stood twirling it in a way that gave me, even
as I was just nearly reaching port, a perverse horror of what I
was doing. To do it in any way was an act of violence, for
what did it consist of but the obtrusion of the idea of
grossness and guilt on a small helpless creature who had
been for me a revelation of the possibili ties of beautiful
intercourse? Wasn’ t it base to create for a being so exquisite
a mere alien awkwardness? I suppose I now read into our
situation a clearness it couldn’ t have had at the time, for I
seem to see our poor eyes already lighted with some spark of
a prevision of the anguish that was to come. So we circled
about, with terrors and scruples, li ke fighters not daring to
close. But it was for each other we feared! That kept us a
littl e longer suspended and unbruised. “ I’ ll tell you
everything,” Miles said—“I mean I’ ll tell you anything you
like. You’ ll stay on with me, and we shall both be all right
and I will tell you—I will . But not now.”

“Why not now?”
My insistence turned him from me and kept him once

more at his window in a silence during which, between us,
you might have heard a pin drop. Then he was before me


again with the air of a person for whom, outside, someone
who had frankly to be reckoned with was waiting. “ I have to
see Luke.”

I had not yet reduced him to quite so vulgar a lie, and I
felt proportionately ashamed. But, horrible as it was, his lies
made up my truth. I achieved thoughtfully a few loops of my
knitting. “Well , then, go to Luke, and I’ ll wait for what you
promise. Only, in return for that, satisfy, before you leave
me, one very much smaller request.”

He looked as if he felt he had succeeded enough to be
able still a littl e to bargain. “Very much smaller—?”

“Yes, a mere fraction of the whole. Tell me”—oh, my
work preoccupied me, and I was off-hand!—“if, yesterday
afternoon, from the table in the hall , you took, you know, my



MY sense of how he received this suffered for a minute from
something that I can describe only as a fierce split of my
attention—a stroke that at first, as I sprang straight up,
reduced me to the mere blind movement of getting hold of
him, drawing him close, and, while I just fell for support
against the nearest piece of furniture, instinctively keeping
him with his back to the window. The appearance was full
upon us that I had already had to deal with here: Peter Quint
had come into view like a sentinel before a prison. The next
thing I saw was that, from outside, he had reached the
window, and then I knew that, close to the glass and glaring
in through it, he offered once more to the room his white
face of damnation. It represents but grossly what took place
within me at the sight to say that on the second my decision
was made; yet I believe that no woman so overwhelmed ever
in so short a time recovered her grasp of the act. It came to
me in the very horror of the immediate presence that the act
would be, seeing and facing what I saw and faced, to keep
the boy himself unaware. The inspiration—I can call it by no
other name—was that I felt how voluntarily, how
transcendently, I might. It was like fighting with a demon for
a human soul, and when I had fairly so appraised it I saw
how the human soul—held out, in the tremor of my hands, at
arm’s length—had a perfect dew of sweat on a lovely
childish forehead. The face that was close to mine was as
white as the face against the glass, and out of it presently
came a sound, not low nor weak, but as if from much further
away, that I drank like a waft of fragrance.


“Yes—I took it.”
At this, with a moan of joy, I enfolded, I drew him

close; and while I held him to my breast, where I could feel
in the sudden fever of his littl e body the tremendous pulse of
his lit tle heart, I kept my eyes on the thing at the window and
saw it move and shift its posture. I have likened it to a
sentinel, but its slow wheel, for a moment, was rather the
prowl of a baff led beast. My present quickened courage,
however, was such that, not too much to let it through, I had
to shade, as it were, my flame. Meanwhile the glare of the
face was again at the window, the scoundrel fixed as if to
watch and wait. It was the very confidence that I might now
defy him, as well as the positive certitude, by this time, of
the child’s unconsciousness, that made me go on. “What did
you take it for?”

“To see what you said about me.”
“You opened the letter?”
“ I opened it.”
My eyes were now, as I held him off a littl e again, on

Miles’s own face, in which the collapse of mockery showed
me how complete was the ravage of uneasiness. What was
prodigious was that at last, by my success, his sense was
sealed and his communication stopped: he knew that he was
in presence, but knew not of what, and knew still l ess that I
also was and that I did know. And what did this strain of
trouble matter when my eyes went back to the window only
to see that the air was clear again and—by my personal
triumph—the influence quenched? There was nothing there.
I felt that the cause was mine and that I should surely get all .
“And you found nothing!”—I let my elation out.

He gave the most mournful, thoughtful littl e headshake.

“Nothing, nothing!” I almost shouted in my joy.


“Nothing, nothing,” he sadly repeated.
I kissed his forehead; it was drenched. “So what have

you done with it?”
“ I’ve burnt it.”
“Burnt it?” It was now or never. “ Is that what you did at

Oh, what this brought up! “At school?”
“Did you take letters?—or other things?”
“Other things?” He appeared now to be thinking of

something far off and that reached him only through the
pressure of his anxiety. Yet it did reach him. “Did I steal?”

I felt myself redden to the roots of my hair as well as
wonder if it were more strange to put to a gentleman such a
question or to see him take it with allowances that gave the
very distance of his fall in the world. “Was it for that you
mightn’ t go back?”

The only thing he felt was rather a dreary littl e surprise.
“Did you know I mightn’ t go back?”

“ I know everything.”
He gave me at this the longest and strangest look.

“Everything. Therefore did you—?” But I couldn’ t say

it again.
Miles could, very simply. “No. I didn’ t steal.”
My face must have shown him I believed him utterly;

yet my hands—but it was for pure tenderness—shook him as
if to ask him why, if it was all for nothing, he had
condemned me to months of torment. “What then did you

He looked in vague pain all round the top of the room
and drew his breath, two or three times over, as if with
diff iculty. He might have been standing at the bottom of the


sea and raising his eyes to some faint green twil ight. “Well—
I said things.”

“Only that?”
“They thought it was enough!”
“To turn you out for?”
Never, truly, had a person “ turned out” shown so littl e

to explain it as this littl e person! He appeared to weigh my
question, but in a manner quite detached and almost helpless.
“Well , I suppose I oughtn’ t.”

“But to whom did you say them?”
He evidently tried to remember, but it dropped—he had

lost it. “ I don’ t know!”
He almost smiled at me in the desolation of his

surrender, which was indeed practically, by this time, so
complete that I ought to have left it there. But I was
infatuated—I was blind with victory, though even then the
very effect that was to have brought him so much nearer was
already that of added separation. “Was it to everyone?” I

“No; it was only to—” But he gave a sick littl e
headshake. “ I don’ t remember their names.”

“Were they then so many?”
“No—only a few. Those I li ked.”
Those he liked? I seemed to float not into clearness, but

into a darker obscure, and within a minute there had come to
me out of my very pity the appalli ng alarm of his being
perhaps innocent. It was for the instant confounding and
bottomless, for if he were innocent, what then on earth was
I? Paralysed, while it lasted, by the mere brush of the
question, I let him go a littl e, so that, with a deep-drawn sigh,
he turned away from me again; which, as he faced toward
the clear window, I suffered, feeling that I had nothing now


there to keep him from. “And did they repeat what you
said?” I went on after a moment.

He was soon at some distance from me, still breathing
hard and again with the air, though now without anger for it,
of being confined against his will . Once more, as he had
done before, he looked up at the dim day as if, of what had
hitherto sustained him, nothing was left but an unspeakable
anxiety. “Oh, yes,” he nevertheless replied—“they must have
repeated them. To those they li ked,” he added.

There was, somehow, less of it than I had expected; but
I turned it over. “And these things came round—?”

“To the masters? Oh, yes!” he answered very simply.
“But I didn’ t know they’d tell .”

“The masters? They didn’ t—they’ve never told. That’s
why I ask you.”

He turned to me again his littl e beautiful fevered face.
“Yes, it was too bad.”

“Too bad?”
“What I suppose I sometimes said. To write home.”
I can’ t name the exquisite pathos of the contradiction

given to such a speech by such a speaker; I only know that
the next instant I heard myself throw off with homely force:
“Stuff and nonsense!” But the next after that I must have
sounded stern enough. “What were these things?”

My sternness was all for his judge, his executioner; yet
it made him avert himself again, and that movement made
me, with a single bound and an irrepressible cry, spring
straight upon him. For there again, against the glass, as if to
blight his confession and stay his answer, was the hideous
author of our woe—the white face of damnation. I felt a sick
swim at the drop of my victory and all the return of my
battle, so that the wildness of my veritable leap only served
as a great betrayal. I saw him, from the midst of my act, meet


it with a divination, and on the perception that even now he
only guessed, and that the window was still t o his own eyes
free, I let the impulse flame up to convert the climax of his
dismay into the very proof of his liberation. “No more, no
more, no more!” I shrieked, as I tried to press him against
me, to my visitant.

“ Is she here?” Miles panted as he caught with his sealed
eyes the direction of my words. Then as his strange “she”
staggered me and, with a gasp, I echoed it, “Miss Jessel,
Miss Jessel!” he with a sudden fury gave me back.

I seized, stupefied, his supposition—some sequel to
what we had done to Flora, but this made me only want to
show him that it was better still t han that. “ It’ s not Miss
Jessel! But it’s at the window—straight before us. It’s
there—the coward horror, there for the last time!”

At this, after a second in which his head made the
movement of a baffled dog’s on a scent and then gave a
frantic littl e shake for air and light, he was at me in a white
rage, bewildered, glaring vainly over the place and missing
wholly, though it now, to my sense, fill ed the room like the
taste of poison, the wide, overwhelming presence. “ It’s he?”

I was so determined to have all my proof that I flashed
into ice to challenge him. “Whom do you mean by ‘he’?”

“Peter Quint—you devil !” His face gave again, round
the room, its convulsed supplication. “Where?”

They are in my ears still , his supreme surrender of the
name and his tribute to my devotion. “What does he matter
now, my own?—what will he ever matter? I have you,” I
launched at the beast, “but he has lost you for ever!” Then,
for the demonstration of my work, “There, there!” I said to

But he had already jerked straight round, stared, glared
again, and seen but the quiet day. With the stroke of the loss


I was so proud of he uttered the cry of a creature hurled over
an abyss, and the grasp with which I recovered him might
have been that of catching him in his fall . I caught him, yes, I
held him—it may be imagined with what a passion; but at
the end of a minute I began to feel what it truly was that I
held. We were alone with the quiet day, and his littl e heart,
dispossessed, had stopped.

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Chapter I

Chapter II

Chapter III

Chapter IV

Chapter V

Chapter VI

Chapter VII

Chapter VIII

Chapter IX

Chapter X

Chapter XI

Chapter XII

Chapter XIII

Chapter XIV

Chapter XV

Chapter XVI

Chapter XVII

Chapter XVIII

Chapter XIX

Chapter XX

Chapter XXI

Chapter XXII

Chapter XXIII

Chapter XXIV

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