Posted: September 4th, 2022



  • Discussion 2This week we focus on what non-executives need to know regarding technology.  Especially in regard to innovation technology.  Please note some key foundational factors that non-executives need to know and understand regarding technology.  Also, note how non-IT departments interact with IT and how the change in the market will change how business is performed.Note: The first post should be made by Wednesday 11:59 p.m., EST. I am looking for active engagement in the discussion.  Please engage early and often.Your response should be 250-300 words.  Respond to two postings provided by your classmates.
  • Week 2 AssignmentInformation Systems for Business and Beyond Questions

    Chapter 2 – study questions 1-10, Exercise 2     
    Information Technology and Organizational Learning Questions
    Chapter 2 – Note why the IT organizational structure is an important concept to understand.  Also, note the role of IT in the overall business strategy.
    The above assignments should be submitted in one-word document. Please use a cover page with all assignments.The information technology and organizational learning assignment shoudl be in form and should be at least two pages in length.  Ensure to adhere to APA formatting and standards.**Remember the APA cover page and the references (if required) do not count towards the page length**Note the first assignment should be in one section and the second section should have the information from the Information Technology and Organizational Learning assignment.  The paper requirements for the two-pages applies to the second part of the assignment directly related to the  Information Technology and Organizational Learning assignment.

School of Computer & Information Sciences
ITS-631- Operational Excellence
Chapter 2 – Information Technology and Organizational Learning

The IT Dilemma
What are the perceptions and realities regarding the importance of technology from organization leaders, business managers, and core operations personnel?
The assimilation of technical people into an organization presents a special challenge in the development of true organizational learning practices.
IT and non-IT personnel must be integrated to enhance organizational learning.

Recent Background and IT in the Organizational Context
Recent Background
IT seen as a kind of variable that allows the business to reinvent itself.
IT in the Organizational Context
The impact it bears on the organizational structure
The role it can assume in business strategy
The ways in which it can be evaluated
The extent to which CEOs feel the need to manage operational knowledge to manage IT effectively

IT and Org Structure
IT can lead to centralization of organizational control
IT can lead to decentralization of organizational control
IT can bear no impact on organizational control
Organizations and IT can interact in an unpredictable manner
IT can enable new organizational arrangements such as networked or virtual organizations

The Role of IT in Business Strategy
Grid to assess the impact of IT operations and strategy based on specific questions:

Ways of Evaluating IT and Executive Knowledge of IT
Ways of Evaluating IT
Cost allocations
Statistical probabilities of returns
Executive Knowledge and Management of IT
Core competencies
Review: IT A View from the Top (table 2.1, 2.2, and 2.3)

Defining the IT Dilemma
Wide range of inconsistent practices
Should executives use IT as part of their business strategy and operations?
Cultural assimilations lag behind the actual involvement of IT in the strategic direction of the organization.
Recent Developments in Operational Excellence
Decline in financial markets and mergers = opportunity for IT that reinforces the need for integration via organizational learning.

Langer, A. M. (2018). Information Technology and Organizational Learning. 3rd edition. Taylor & Francis Group, LLC. ISBN: 978-1-138-23858-9





School of Computer & Information Sciences
ITS-631 Operational Excellence
Chapter 2 – Information Systems for Business and Beyond (2019)

Learning Objectives
describe information systems hardware;
identify the primary components of a computer and the functions they perform; and
explain the effect of the commoditization of the personal computer.

desktop computers
laptop computers
mobile phones
tablet computers
storage devices, such as flash drives
input devices, such as keyboards, mice, and scanners
output devices such as printers and speakers.

Digital Devices
Processes electronic signals into discrete values
Binary values (1=on, 0= off)
Each value (1 or 0) is a bit
Eight bits = 1 byte
1st PCs could only process 8 bits of data at once
Today PCs can process 64-bits of data at once
Read Sidebar: Understanding Binary

Tour of a PC
Processing data: The CPU
CPU = Central Processing Unit
The brains of the device

Read: Sidebar: Moore’s Law and Huang’s Law
The number of integrated circuits on a chip doubles every two years
Speeds of GPUs are increasing faster.

Hardware Components
the main circuit board on the computer
Other components (CPU, memory, and storage) connect into the motherboard, contain integrated components like network cards, video, etc.., contains the bus of the PC (which determines the computer’s speed)
Working Memory (Random Access Memory)
Hard Disk
Used for longer term storage
Solid State Drives
Removable Media

Connections, Input and Output
Network Connections- digital network
Input and Output
Bluetooth – a method to connect via wireless technology
Input Devices
Output Devices
Display/ Monitor

Sidebar: Which Hardware Components Contribute….
Many elements contribute to the speed of your computer
Hardware = increase by giving electrons less distance to travel in completing a circuit
Multi-core processors (CPUs)

Other Computing Devices
Portable Computers
Tablet Computers
Integrated Computing and Internet of Things (IoT)

Bourgeous, D., Smith, J., Wang. S., Mortati, J. (2019). Information Systems for Business and Beyond. Retrieved from





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