Posted: September 19th, 2022

Week3

 

  • Discussion 3This week we focus on the movement of traditional IT staff.  To facilitate cultural assimilation, IT and non-IT must become more integrated.  What are some strategies to implement to allow this type of interaction to occur?Note: The first post should be made by Wednesday 11:59 p.m., EST. I am looking for active engagement in the discussion.  Please engage early and often.Your response should be 250-300 words.  Respond to two postings provided by your classmates.
  • Week 3 AssignmentInformation Systems for Business and Beyond Questions:

    Chapter 3 – study questions 1-8, Exercise 2, 4 & 5

 Study Questions 1. Develop your own definition of software being certain to explain the key terms. 2. What are the primary functions of an operating system? 3. Which of the following are operating systems and which are applications: Microsoft Excel, Google Chrome, iTunes, Windows, Android, Angry Birds. 4. What is your favorite software application? What tasks does it help you accomplish? 5. How would you categorize the software that runs on mobile devices? Break down these apps into at least three basic categories and give an example of each. 6. What does an ERP system do? 7. What is open-source software? How does it differ from closed-source software? Give an example of each. 8. What does a software license grant to the purchaser of the software? 

 Exercises  

 2. If you were running a small business with limited funds for information technology, would you consider using cloud computing? Find some web-based resources that support your decision.  

 4. Review this article on the security risks of open-source software. Write a short analysis giving your opinion on the different risks discussed. 

5. List three examples of programming languages? What features in each language makes it useful to developers? 

  • Information Technology and Organizational Learning Assignment:Chapter 3 – Complete the two assignments noted below: 
  • Review the strategic integration section.  Note what strategic integration is and how it ties to the implementation of technology within an organization.
  • Review the information technology roles and responsibilities section.  Note how IT is divided based on operations and why this is important to understand within an organization.
  • The above submission should be one -page in length  and adhere to APA formatting standards.**Remember the APA cover page and the references (if required) do not count towards the page length**Note the first assignment should be in one section and the second section should have the information from the Information Technology and Organizational Learning assignment.  The paper requirements for the two-pages applies to the second part of the assignment directly related to the  Information Technology and Organizational Learning assignment.

School of Computer & Information Sciences
ITS-631- Operational Excellence
Chapter 3 – Information Technology and Organizational Learning

Introduction
Technology as a variable and responsive organizational dynamism
Focuses on defining the components of technology and how they affect corporate organizations.
Answers the questions: how should organizations adjust to its short and long term impacts.

Technological Dynamism
Technology should be regarded as a variable, independent of others, that contributes to the life of a business operation.
Technology can produce a distinctive effect on an organization.
Dynamism is defined as a process or mechanism responsible for the development of motion of a system.
Technological dynamism is the unpredictable and accelerated way in which technology can change strategic planning and organizational behavior.

Responsive Organizational Dynamism
The technological dynamism has the power to disrupt any antecedent sense of comfortable equilibrium of stasis.
Strategic integration
Cultural assimilation

Cultural Assimilation
A process that focuses on organizational aspects of how technology is internally organized including the role of the IT department, and how it is assimilated within the organization as a whole.
IT Organization Communications with Others
Movement of Traditional IT Staff

Technology Business Cycle
To better understand technology dynamism it is necessary to define the specific steps that occur during its evolution in an organization:

IT Roles and Responsibilities and Replacement or Outsource
Two distinct business operations
IT need to change accordingly and should be designed within the driver and supporter theory
Replacement or Outsource

References
Langer, A. M. (2018). Information Technology and Organizational Learning. 3rd edition. Taylor & Francis Group, LLC. ISBN: 978-1-138-23858-9

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School of Computer & Information Sciences
ITS-631 Operational Excellence
Chapter 3 – Information Systems for Business and Beyond (2019)

Learning Objectives
define the term software;
identify and describe the two primary categories of software;
describe the role ERP software plays in an organization;
describe cloud computing and its advantages and disadvantages for use in an organization; and
define the term open-source and identify its primary characteristics.

Software
Two key categories
Operating (manage the hardware) and Application Software (perform specific tasks like word processing, accounting, etc..).
Operating Systems
boot programs
Manages PC resources

Application Software
Used to accomplish specific goals like word processing or calculation.
Productivity Software
Word processing, Spreadsheet, Presentation.

Applications for Enterprise
ERP Software
SAP, Peoplesoft, etc…
Implementation can take 2-3 years and several million dollars
CRM Software
Manages an organizations customers
Example: Salesforce
Supply Chain Management
Links an organization’s suppliers, manufacturing facilities, and distributors of products.

Mobile Applications and Cloud Computing
All mobile devices need specific mobile applications
Smartphones
Electronic Tablets
The cloud refers to applications, services, and data storage located on the Internet.
Advantages and Disadvantages of Cloud Computing
Understand
Using a Private Cloud vs. Virtualization

Software Creation
Various Computer Languages
C
C++
Java
Visual Basic
Python
R
etc…
Open-Source Software
Allows various people to use the source code

References
Bourgeous, D., Smith, J., Wang. S., Mortati, J. (2019). Information Systems for Business and Beyond. Retrieved from
https://opentextbook.site/informationsystems2019/.

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