Posted: February 28th, 2023

Peer Response 2

To receive full participation credit, you should

1. Meaningfully respond to your classmate (i.e., Don’t just say, “I agree,” or “Great post.”). Respond in a way that will encourage further discussion.

1. Ask a relevant question
in your response to your classmate. If needed, review the


Writing Open-Ended QuestionsLinks to an external site.

 resource provided by the Writing Center.


Discuss which perspectives resonate with your own personal characteristics and why.

Interpretivism resonates with me highly as I approach life with the notion that many things can be true, even conflicting experiences, due to the fact that experience is in relation to perspective (Brown & Green, 2020). I tend to be very live-and-let-live about life philosophies, as long as others are not hurting themselves or others what they do is only their own concern. Logic and scientific validation cannot be applied to every subject and situation in the world, some things are simply outside of the realm of our absolute knowledge or have not had a scientific explanation discovered yet, and all we may draw from to explain these experiences is anecdotal knowledge.


Select two perspectives, and complete the following:

Identify at least two benefits and two drawbacks for each.

Starting with the perspective I chose that most aligns with my personal philosophy, it is helpful to use interpretivism (and later, post-modernism) to think outside of the box and come up with unique solutions to old and new problems (Brown & Green, 2020). Interpretivism is also relevant in the context of instructional design in order to consider culturally appropriate (but possibly unacknowledged by scientific empiricism) topics and modalities of learning and promote cultural sensitivity in design (while many historically validated studies are known to be culturally biased toward certain demographics) (DeWitte, 2020). As for drawbacks to interpretivism, having a philosophy that works and is scientifically sound is always preferred. Anecdotal evidence and awareness of niche cultures often is the most helpful on an individual context, and instructional design is generally applied to a population and not just one person. Interpretivism can also imply that the scientific answer is secondary to the metacognition and emotional experience abilities of the individual, which can be dangerous and make people prone to misinformation.


Behaviorism is a perspective that concludes that the human mind is a blank slate, waiting to be imprinted with behavioral “blueprints” that tell the individual what to do based on what they have learned from their environment (Brown & Green, 2020). It is relevant particularly in the early stages of life where infants and young children are learning basic skills and how to interact with the world. This is relevant to instructional design in that one can be very confident in designing a program incorporating elements that, say, a neurotypical five year old could follow through and tasks they can perform, which is information that can be easily accessed based on years of behavioral theory research in real classrooms. The drawback to behavioral theory is that sometimes, it can be too simplified to describe what is taking place during human cognition. The thought that “all” humans typically behave the same given the same environmental conditions and a dysfunction is just a learned negative behavior that can be “wiped from the slate” and relearned does not take into account the complexity of the way memory is related to learning and behavior.


Describe a learning activity that supports each.

A learning activity that would support interpretivism is to have a primary classroom do a culture day, where students do projects related to their own culture so that classmates can learn more about each other and the different perspectives in each other’s lives and homes.

A learning activity that would support behaviorism is teaching the same children that when the teacher claps her hands three times and says a specific rhyme related to paying attention, the class is meant to be quiet and attend to what she is saying.


 Thanks for reading,

Brown, A., Green, T. (2020). The essentials of instructional design: Connecting fundamental

principles with process and practice (4th ed.). Routledge.
Links to an external site.

DeWitte, M. (2020, June 24). Psychological research has a racism problem, Stanford scholar says. Stanford News.

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