Posted: February 26th, 2023

# Problem Set

Managerial Finance – First Bi Term

Problem Set #5

Marvin industries Inc. operates as a diversified software company worldwide. Its Digital Media segment provides tools and solutions that enable individuals, teams, and organizations to create, publish, promote, and monetize their digital content. The company is forecasting operations to determine the additional financing that will be needed to support its operations and to assess whether the firm’s anticipated performance is in line with the company’s own general targets and investors’ expectation.

Marvin Industries: balance sheet as of December 31, 2020 (Thousands of dollars)

2,000

46,800

 Cash 2,000 Accounts Payable 7,200 Receivables 10,800 Notes Payable 3,400 Inventories 12,400 Accruals 2,620 Total current assets 25,200 Total current liabilities 13,220 Long-term debt ? Fixed assets 21,600 Common stock Retained earnings 26,580 Total assets 46,800 Total liabilities & equity

Marvin Industries: Income Statement for December 31, 2020 (Thousands of dollars)

 Sales 36,000 Operating costs 30,000 EBIT 5,400 Interest 720 Taxes @ 25% 1,170 Net income 3,510 Dividends 60% 2,016 Addition to retained earnings 1,404

Total assets and accounts payable are proportional to sales, and that relationship will be maintained. Marvin has arranged to sell \$5,000 of new common stock in 2021 to meet some of its financing needs. The remainder of its financing needs will be met by issuing new long-term debt at the end of 2021. The company’s net profit margin on sales is 9.75%, and 60% of earnings will be paid out as dividends. Marvin is operating at full capacity, so its assets must grow at the same rate as projected sales.

a. What were Marvin’s long-term debt and total liabilities for 2020?

b. Sales are projected to increase by 25% over the 2020 sales figure. Determine the forecasted change in company’s sales over the forecasting period.

c. Use the AFN equation to forecast Marvin’s additional funds needed for the coming year to support the company’s growth.

(HINT: AFN = (A0*/S0)(∆S) – (L0*/S0)(∆S) – (M)(S1)(1 – payout) – new common stock)

d. Explain how the following factors affect external capital requirements:

i. payout ratio

ii. capital intensity

iii. profit margin

e. Calculate the required level of fixed assets for Marvin Industries if the company operates at no excess capacity with full capacity sales of \$36,000 in 2020.

f. Define the term
self-supporting growth rate. Determine the self-supporting growth rate for Marvin Industries.

A small company, Stevens Textile Co. is expanding its operations and needs additional financing to support its expansion projects. The company is planning to change its business registration from a limited liability company to a corporation. As a corporation it will be listed on the stock exchange market and sell shares to the public to raise capital from investors. The business will be managed by professional executives who are not owners of the corporation.

g. Explain
agency relationship and
agency costs to the owners of Stevens Textile Co.

h. Suppose Stevens Textile company is very successful and the founders’ cash out most of their stock and turn the company over to an elected board of directors. Neither the founders nor any other stockholders own a controlling interest (this is the situation in most public companies). List six potential managerial behaviors that can harm a firm’s value.

i. What is
corporate governance? List five corporate governance provisions that are internal to a firm and under its control.

j. Stevens Textile Co. might want to reduce the conflict of interest that may arise between corporate executives and shareholders by electing board of directors to oversee the activities of the corporate executives. Identify
five characteristics of the board of directors that usually lead to effective corporate governance.

Managerial Finance – First bi Term

Problem Set #5

Marvin industries Inc. operates as a diversified software company worldwide. Its Digital Media segment provides tools and solutions that enable individuals, teams, and organizations to create, publish, promote, and monetize their digital content. The company is forecasting operations to determine the additional financing that will be needed to support its operations and to assess whether the firm’s anticipated performance is in line with the company’s own general targets and investors’ expectation.

Marvin Industries: balance sheet as of December 31, 2020 (Thousands of dollars)

2,000

46,800

 Cash 2,000 Accounts Payable 7,200 Receivables 10,800 Notes Payable 3,400 Inventories 12,400 Accruals 2,620 Total current assets 25,200 Total current liabilities 13,220 Long-term debt ? Fixed assets 21,600 Common stock Retained earnings 26,580 Total assets 46,800 Total liabilities & equity

Marvin Industries: Income Statement for December 31, 2020 (Thousands of dollars)

 Sales 36,000 Operating costs 30,000 EBIT 5,400 Interest 720 Taxes @ 25% 1,170 Net income 3,510 Dividends 60% 2,016 Addition to retained earnings 1,404

Total assets and accounts payable are proportional to sales, and that relationship will be maintained. Marvin has arranged to sell \$5,000 of new common stock in 2021 to meet some of its financing needs. The remainder of its financing needs will be met by issuing new long-term debt at the end of 2021. The company’s net profit margin on sales is 9.75%, and 60% of earnings will be paid out as dividends. Marvin is operating at full capacity, so its assets must grow at the same rate as projected sales.

a. What were Marvin’s long-term debt and total liabilities for 2020?

b. Sales are projected to increase by 25% over the 2020 sales figure. Determine the forecasted change in company’s sales over the forecasting period.

c. Use the AFN equation to forecast Marvin’s additional funds needed for the coming year to support the company’s growth.

(HINT: AFN = (A0*/S0)(∆S) – (L0*/S0)(∆S) – (M)(S1)(1 – payout) – new common stock)

d. Explain how the following factors affect external capital requirements:

i. payout ratio

ii. capital intensity

iii. profit margin

e. Calculate the required level of fixed assets for Marvin Industries if the company operates at no excess capacity with full capacity sales of \$36,000 in 2020.

f. Define the term
self-supporting growth rate. Determine the self-supporting growth rate for Marvin Industries.

A small company, Stevens Textile Co. is expanding its operations and needs additional financing to support its expansion projects. The company is planning to change its business registration from a limited liability company to a corporation. As a corporation it will be listed on the stock exchange market and sell shares to the public to raise capital from investors. The business will be managed by professional executives who are not owners of the corporation.

g. Explain
agency relationship and
agency costs to the owners of Stevens Textile Co.

h. Suppose Stevens Textile company is very successful and the founders’ cash out most of their stock and turn the company over to an elected board of directors. Neither the founders nor any other stockholders own a controlling interest (this is the situation in most public companies). List six potential managerial behaviors that can harm a firm’s value.

i. What is
corporate governance? List five corporate governance provisions that are internal to a firm and under its control.

j. Stevens Textile Co. might want to reduce the conflict of interest that may arise between corporate executives and shareholders by electing board of directors to oversee the activities of the corporate executives. Identify
five characteristics of the board of directors that usually lead to effective corporate governance.

Telecomm Network Security – First Bi Term

Project Assignment – Part 3

## Project Part 3: Remote Access and VPNs

#### Scenario

As you are aware, many remote users will soon need access to the internal network and services. A remote access and virtual private network (VPN) plan is needed to connect it all together.

The senior network architect has asked you to create the plan that will allow secure remote access to the internal network while preventing unauthorized access. He specifically requested that all information transferred between remote users and the organizational servers be protected against snooping.

For this part of the project, perform the following tasks:

1. Research and recommend the most appropriate VPN technology. The most likely solution is either an Internet Protocol Security (IPSec) VPN or SSL/TLS VPN. Describe the VPN technology and explain why it is the best choice for Corporation Techs.

2. Recommend any other forms of remote access that are relevant and describe how they would be used.

3. Create a draft report detailing all information as supportive documentation.

4. Cite sources, where appropriate.

#### Submission Requirements

· Format: Microsoft Word (or compatible)

· Font: Arial, size 12, double-space

· Citation style: Your school’s preferred style guide

· Length of report: 3–4 pages

#### Self-Assessment Checklist

· I researched and recommended an appropriate VPN technology.

· I described the VPN technology and explained why it is the best choice.

· I recommended other forms of remote access that are relevant and described how they would be used.

· I created a professional, well-developed report with proper documentation, grammar, spelling, and punctuation.

· I followed the submission guidelines.

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