Posted: February 26th, 2023

research methods

The topic is  Ethical Treatment of Participants. 

RGS 6035 – Research Methods

  • Literature Review Project Instructions
  • This will be a research based written project (approximately 10-12 pages total) that will encompass

    scholarly literature on an approved topic. The project will take the student through the literature review

    process from beginning to end and allow the student to explore the variety of scholarly writings. The

    project must include a minimum of 12 scholarly sources from peer-reviewed journals. The project needs to

    include a title page, body (at least 8 pages) and a reference section listing all sources used. The project

    should strictly follow APA guidelines and exhibit graduate level critical thinking and writing skills. The

    following rubric will be used to grade the project:

  • Literature Review Grading Rubric
  • Criteria




    Instructor’s Comments

    Structure and Length:

    • • Introduction, body, and


    • • At least 8 pages of content

    • • Utilizes at least 12 scholarly




    • • Topic selected is relevant to


    • • Clearly discusses subject area

    with well organized patterns

    • • Combines both summary and


    • • Graduate level writing


    APA Congruent including:

    • • Title page and abstract

    • • Citations

    • • References page

    • • Use of 3 current APA



    Total 100

      Literature Review Project Instructions

      Literature Review Grading Rubric

    Literature Review Best Practices

    Things to consider as you finalize your Literature Review:

    • First, and most importantly – the literature review should be a great
    experience for you and teach you to seek out and find quality literature
    on a topic of importance. Learning to do this well can help you succeed
    as a graduate student and as a professional in your field for decades to
    come – so approach it with confidence and seriousness!! Have fun!!!

    • The review is an ‘excavation’ of the literature so do not write in first-person
    and think of the project as a ‘display’ of the literature you have uncovered in
    mainly journal articles on your topic. You will allow the sources you found to
    play a key part of organizing your sections of the review.

    • When organizing the project most students use one of two main approaches:
    historical and niche topic focus. For a historical review – you will
    demonstrate the development of the topic in the literature over a period of
    time (think of the rings on a tree trunk – you will emphasize a phase of
    development in the topic). For a niche topic focus review – you will narrow
    your emphasis on an aspect of the topic application or execution (example:
    halo effect in primary education; ethical treatment of participants in
    pharmaceutical trials, etc.).

    • The scholarly sources MUST come from largely journal articles that are full-
    length and peer-reviewed (example: Harvard Business Review, Journal of
    Applied Psychology, Academy of Management Journal, etc.). You can use a
    book or website as a source, but these usually will not count toward to the 12
    sources – so really take time to examine mainly journals.

    • Best practices on finding sources and organizing your Literature Review:
    there are at least two great approaches here, 1) find a ‘key center’ source and
    work through its citations; 2) use careful key word searches and author
    and/or journal searches. Let me explain these:

    1. A key source approach would happen when you find the journal article that
    precisely addresses your topic as you have been exploring to find
    (hypothetical example: topic, Halo effect in adolescents – and Smith & Jones
    2019 have written a great article; then, you begin to search each of the
    sources/articles that they cite in their reference section of the article as you
    desire to develop a broader understanding of the literature. From Smith and
    Jones you found 18 additional articles of interest (we will call this the first
    strata of articles); from these findings four articles stand out and you want to
    include them in your review. Now, just as the process used with Smith &
    Jones – you begin to explore the citations of the four articles chosen; this
    yields 37 more articles of interest (strata two); you select 15 for your paper
    and now have begun to collect the ‘puzzle pieces’ for the review. Now,
    organize the sources so the literature review reveals summary and synthesis
    of sources around the topic (either historically/developmentally; or, as a
    niche focus).

    2. A key term, or author, or journal approach is similar to the key source
    approach but you are working from specific ‘searches’ in a database (like
    EBSCO). From above example, if Smith and Jones are key authors in your
    topic area – see if they have written any other articles. You find that they
    have each written 8 articles – after reading these a total of 4 fit your review;
    now you realize that they both cite another author ‘Williams’ multiple times;
    after finding Williams articles (and a few books) you have your next piece of
    the ‘puzzle’. A key word or journal search is similar. You must use a Boolean
    search approach where key words are in “quotes” and if searching a Journal
    name use JN (example: JN “Harvard Business Review”). Once in a particular
    journal you can scan the table of contents of editions or search for key words
    within the journal itself. Either of these approaches can be helpful.

    Ethical Treatment of Participants.

    The research topic I choose for the literature review assignment is Ethical Treatment of Participants. Ethical considerations in research are a set of principles that guide research design and practice. Scientists and researchers must always adhere to certain codes of conduct when collecting data from people. What you decide to research and how you conduct that research involve key ethical considerations.

    Five principles for research ethics

    1.Discuss intellectual property frankly

    2. Be conscious of multiple role

    3. Follow informed-consent rules

    4. Follow informed-consent rules

    5. Follow informed-consent rules

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